India is a big aluminum producer in the world. It also houses a number of aluminum plants which includes aluminum smelting plants, aluminum extrusion plants, alumina refineries, FRP plants, wire rod plants, and aluminum foil plants. India holds the rank of the eighth biggest primary aluminum producer in the world.
- National Aluminum Company (NALCO)
- Hindustan Aluminum Company (HINDALCO)
- Bharat Aluminum Company (BALCO)
- MALCO (Madras Aluminum Company Limited)
Aluminum Plants in India
Aluminum smelting plants
Given below is a list of Aluminum smelters in India:
|Location||Name of Company||Ownership||Plant Capacity
Per year (KT/year)
|Korba||Bharat Aluminum Co (Balco)||Vedanta 51%, Government of India 49%||345|
|Alupuram||Hindustan Aluminum Co. (Hindalco)||14|
|Renukoot||Hindustan Aluminum Co. (Hindalco)||345|
|Mettur||Madras Aluminum (MALCO)||40|
|Hirakud||Hindustan Aluminum Co. (Hindalco)||150|
|Angul||National Aluminum Co. (NALCO)||460|
|Jharsuguda||Vedanta Aluminum Co. (VAL)||Aluminum Bangalore Al-Bal 51%, Anil Agarwal 0.005%, Unidentified Sources 48.995%||500|
Alumina refineries in India
Alumina or Aluminum Oxide is a type of amphoteric oxide of the metal, which is made from bauxite via the Bayer method. Given below are the names of the important alumina refineries in India:
|Location||Name of Company Ownership||Plant Capacity Per year (KT/year)|
|Damanjodi, Orissa||United Nations 2000, NALCO||1,600|
|Belgaum, Karnataka||INDAL, Hindalco, (United Nations 2000)||390|
|Korba Alumina, Chhattisgarh||Sterlite Industries, BALCO, (United Nations 2000)||205|
|Gujarat Alumina Project|
|Vedanta Alumina, Lanjigarh, Orissa (Worly Technology)||Vedanta Resources||1000 (in 2011, the capacity is projected to increase to 1400)|
|Muri Alumina||Hindalco, INDAL, (United Nations 2000)||120|
|Mettur Alumina, Tamil Nadu||Sterlite Industries, MALCO, (United Nations 2000)||100|
|Utkal Alumina Project, Kashipur, Orissa||Hindalco||0|
|Renukoot Alumina, Uttar Pradesh||(United Nations 2000), Hindalco||700|
The Belgaum Plant of Hindalco is situated in the state of Karnataka. Other than producing alumina, it houses a state-of-the-art research hub. It started operating from 1969. The Muri Alumina Plant is the oldest alumina refinery in the country. It is located in Jharkhand and was set up in 1948.
The Damanjodi Plant of NALCO is situated in Koraput district, Orissa. Other than alumina producing, the Damanjodi Plant also carries out mining operations in Orissa.
The Mettur Plant is situated in the Mettur Dam Compound, Tamil Nadu. It is run by Madras Aluminum Company Limited (MALCO).
Besides the abovementioned alumina refineries, Belur in West Bengal, Taloja in Maharashtra, and Silvassa in Dadra and Nagar Haveli are notable alumina plants. The Taloja Plant is famous for its flat rolled products produced from alumina.
Aluminum extrusion plants in India
Aluminum extrusion is the method of making cross section articles. In addition, extruded metal is utilized to make different types of alloys.
Given below are the names of the major aluminum extrusion plants in India:
Hindalco Extrusion Plants
- Renukoot - Uttar Pradesh
Extrusion Plants of Bharat Aluminum CompanyKorba
The Korba Extrusion Plant is located in the state of Chhattisgarh.
JAL (Jindal Aluminum Ltd)
Jindal Aluminum Ltd has an extrusion plant in Bangalore, which started operating in 1968.
Aluminum Foil Plants in India
Aluminum foil is the thin metallic sheet of aluminum which has a width of less than or equal to 0.2 mm. Nonetheless, majority of regularly used foils have a width of 0.006 mm. Given below are the names of the prominent aluminum foil plants in India:
Hindalco Foil Plants
- Kollur - Andhra Pradesh
- Silvassa - Dadra and Nagar Haveli
- Kalwa - Maharashtra (Follows ERP-based material tracking system)
- Raviraj Foils Limited
- India Foils Limited
- Jagdish Aluminum Private Limited
- Marudhar Industries Ltd
- P G Foils Ltd
- Gujarat Foils Ltd
- AMCO India Ltd
List of FRP Plants in India
The following companies run FRP (flat rolled products) Plants in India: