Andhra Pradesh Soil and Vegetation


Soil & Vegetation in Andhra Pradesh are the main natural resources and the most important too, as it is an agriculturally oriented state. More than 60 % of the total working population is linked with agriculture, which forms the mainstay of their livelihood. The state boasts of almost all type of soils and crops found in other parts of India. Andhra Pradesh is one of the largest producer of rice in the country and one of the leaders in producing other cash crops too. The types of soil, which are usually found in the state are:

  • Red soil
  • Alluvial soil
  • Black soil
  • Saline soil
  • Laterite soil
  • Peaty and Marshy soils

The wide range of cash crops that the state grows are:
  • Tobacco
  • Groundnut
  • Chillies
  • Sugar
  • Jute
  • Turmeric
  • Oilseeds
  • Cotton
Other principal crops of Andhra Pradesh are:
  • Millets
  • Jowar
  • Ragi
  • Redgram
  • Sugarcane
The state of Andhra Pradesh is also the producer of fine varieties of the following fruits:
  • Grape
  • Mango
  • Sapota
  • Guava
  • Banana
  • Papaya
The state of Andhra Pradesh is rich with its forest resource and almost 23 % of the total geographical area of the province is covered with forests. The total area of the state is 275068 Square Kilometers, whereas the total forest area is 63814 Square Kilometers. Sal and Teak are the main forest products of the state, which comprises of five main types:
  • Southern Tropical Forest
  • Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest
  • Southern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest
  • Tidal Swamp Mangrove Forest
  • Littoral Forest


Last Updated on 20 June 2013