Assam Government and Politics

Assam Government and Politics involves the various political parties that rule the state and function as opposition in the legislative assembly. Currently, the Indian state of Assam is ruled by the Indian National Congress and the opposition parties in the state include the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), Bharatiya Janata Party, and Communist Party of India.

Government of Assam

The Government of Assam is the regional ruling authority of the state of Assam, Republic of India. The head of the state is the Governor of Assam. At present, the Governor of the state is His Excellency Mr. Janaki Ballabh Patnaik. The chief minister of the state functions as the head of the government. He is also the leader of the legislative party sitting in the treasury bench. The Assam Legislative Assembly consists of 126 elected members or legislators. Assembly elections take place in the state after every five years unless it is stated otherwise. The chief minister of the state is helped in running the government by a council of ministers, which is nominated by the chief minister himself.

National Parties in Assam

Assam, an important state located in the northeastern part of India, is known for its significant presence in Indian politics. As far as politics in India is concerned, the state always stays at the front position and it is significantly plagued by the ULFA strikes and other radical activities carried out by this separatist organization. About national level political parties in Assam Following the most recent ULFA attacks in the state, the national level political parties in Assam have consented on one viewpoint that they should gain courage and attempt to stop terrorism at any cost. The most important national level political parties that dictate the political state of affairs in the state are as follows:
    Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
    Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
    Indian National Congress (INC)
    Communist Party of India (CPI)
    Communist Party of India (Marxist), also known as CPI (M)
Scenario of National Level Political Parties in Assam

Currently, the state government of Assam is ruled by the Indian National Congress (INC), which is also ruling the Central Government. The chief minister of the state is Tarun Gogoi. The political system of the state is overseen by the Governor of the state. Currently, the Governor of the state is Janaki Ballabh Patnaik, a former Congress leader. The Governor of the state is helped in his functioning by the Chief Minister together with his ministry, who are elected to the legislative assembly of the state. The Indian National Congress has been ruling the state since the country gained its independence from British dominion in 1947. The party ruled the state till 1978. In 1978, a Janata Party Government took over the control of Assam. Nevertheless, the government had a short stint and the Indian National Congress returned to power once again in 1980. They ruled the state till 1985. In 1985, the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), a party which backed the Assam Agitation, was elected by the people of the state to rule the state for the next five years. After 1985, the Asom Gana Parishad and the Indian National Congress governed the state alternatively till 2001. Since 2001, the Indian National Congress again came to power and since then the party has been ruling the state in an uninterrupted manner. They became successful in winning the assembly elections held in 2006 and 2011 successively. Tarun Gogoi is the only chief minister in the chronicles of the state to be chosen as the CM for the third successive time.

Assam Chief Minister

The Assam Chief Minister is Shri Tarun Gogoi was elected and sworn to the office of the Chief Minister of Assam on 17th May in the year 2001. He lives with his family of wife and two children in the Chief Minister's Residence in Guwahati.

Mr Tarun Gogoi was born to Dr. Kamaleswar Gogoi and Usha Gogoi on the 1st of April 1936. The Honorable Chief Mister of Assam has received degrees in law from the Guwahati University in the state of Assam. He had a great interest in politics from his youth and was marked by the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who appointed him to lead the youth community of the state of Assam in the year 1971. Associated with the Indian National Congress party, Mr Tarun Gogoi was elected to the parliament several times from 1971. He had been the joint secretary to the All India Congress Committee in 1976 and the general secretary in 1985. The honorable chief minister had held the position of the President of Pradesh Congress Committee in Assam from 1986 to 1990. He held office as the Union Minister of State in the ministry of food from 1991 to 1993 and was reelected as the Union Minister in the ministry of food processing in 1993 to 1995. He was also a consultative committee member in the ministry of petroleum and natural gas and railways.

Council of Ministers

The present Assam Council of Ministers was given their portfolios on the 21st of May in the year 2006 after the present government of the state of Assam was elected. The elected members were sworn into their office and they performed their duties in the various departments assigned to them.

The council of ministers of Assam is headed by the chief minister of the state of Assam and aids the head of the state in governance. The ministers are assigned various departments. The chief minister himself looks after the Home ministry and other departments like political, finance, public works and departments not specified or allotted to ministers. A list of the Assam council of Ministers is stated below:

  • Revenue, relief and rehabilitation, Implementation of Assam Accord and Administrative Reforms and Training - Dr. Bhumidhar Barman.
  • Agriculture and Welfare of Plains Tribes and Backward Classes - Pramila Rani Brahma
  • Urban development and housing - Mr. Dinesh Prasad Goawala.
  • Hill Areas, Mines & Minerals and Veterinary - Sri Kharsingh Engti
  • Water Resources and Parliamentary Affairs - Sri Bharat Ch. Narah
  • Co-operation and Cultural Affairs - Sri Gautam Bora
  • Excise and Border Areas - Sri Gautam Roy
  • Food and Civil Supplies, Minorities Welfare and Development and Haj Affairs - Dr. Nazrul Islam
  • Elementary Education, Secondary Education and Higher Education - Sri Ripun Bora
  • Panchayat and Rural Development and Transport - Sri Chandan Brahma
  • Environment and Forests, Tourism, Printing and Stationary and Information and Public Relations - Sri Rockybul Hussain
  • Planning and Development, Labour and Employment, and Tea Tribes Welfare - Sri Prithibi Majhi
  • Social Welfare and Jails - Ajanta Neog
  • Irrigation, Soil Conservation and Fishery - Sri Nurjamal Sarkar
  • Industries & Commerce, Power (Electricity), Public Enterprises - Sri Pradyut Bordoloi
  • Health and Family Welfare, Guwahati Development, Information Technology, and Science & Technology - Sri Himanta Biswa Sarma
  • Textile and Sericulture, Judicial and Legislative - Sri Pranab Gogoi
The state also has Mr. Rihon Doimari working with independent charge as the minister of state for public health engineering. The chief minister works with the help of the Assam council of Ministers for the welfare of the state of Assam.

Current Governor of Assam

At present, His Excellency Janaki Ballabh Patnaik is the Governor of Assam. He took charge of the state on November 27, 2009.

Early life of Janaki Ballabh Patnaik

Janaki Ballabh Patnaik was born on January 3, 1927. He hails from Rameshwar in Puri district. His father was the late Gokulananda Patnaik. He did his schooling from Khurda High School. After finishing his school education, Janaki Ballabh Patnaik obtained his bachelor's degree in Sanskrit language from Utkal University in 1947. In 1949, he did his post graduation (Master of Arts) in Political Science from the Banaras Hindu University. When he was a student in Ravenshaw College, he spearheaded the student's campaign for the taking away of British Union Jack from college campus.

He has worked as editor of the following dailies:

  • 'Eastern Times', an English daily - 1952-66
  • 'Prajatantra', an Oriya daily - 1952-67
  • Founder-Editor of 'Paurusha' - an Oriya magazine.
Political career of Janaki Ballabh Patnaik

From the very beginning, Janaki Ballabh Patnaik has been associated with the Indian National Congress. A prominent leader of the party, Patnaik served as the Chief Minister of the state from 1980 to 1989. He once more became the Chief Minister of Orissa and served the state from 1995 to 1999. He served the state for a record amount of time. In 1953, he spearheaded an effective farmer's protest in Madhupur, Cuttack.

In 1950, he was nominated as the President of the Youth Wing of the Congress in Orissa (Yuba Congress). Janaki Ballabh Patnaik was given the portfolio of the Ministry for Tourism, Civil Aviation and Labor in the Union Government in 1980. He also served in the capacity of the Leader of the Opposition in the Orissa Vidhan Parishad (Orissa Legislative Council).

He has been linked with different public, cultural, and literary institutions and campaigns in Orissa. He handled relief activities in the riot inflicted places in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh in the capacity of Chairman, All India Congress Committee Relief Cell.

Positions held by Janaki Ballabh Patnik

Tenure Positions held
1950 President, Orissa State Youth Congress.
1954-60 Member, Working Committee of Orissa Pradesh Congress Committee,
1956-67 Member, Orissa Sahitya Academy
1956-60 Member, Executive Committee of All-India Newspaper Editor's Conference
1957-67 Member, Senate of Utkal University,
1975 onwards Member, All-India Congress Committee
1978-80 President, Orissa Pradesh Congress Committee
February 1992 - May 1998, December 1999 - October 2001, and January 2004 - June 2004 Member, All-India Congress Working Committee
1990-92 Chairman, AICC Relief Committee

  • Agriculture Department
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Department
  • Assam Accord Department
  • Civil Works Department
  • Border Areas Department
  • Cultural Affairs Department
  • Cooperation Department
  • Directorate of Financial Inspections, Assam
  • Directorate of Technical Education, Assam
  • Education Department
  • Directorate of Financial Inspections, Assam
  • Excise Department
  • Election Department
  • Revenue Department
  • Finance Department
  • Electricity Department
  • Fishery Department
  • Forest Department
  • Food & Civil Supplies Department
  • Guwahati Development Department
  • General Administration Department
  • Information Technology Department
  • Social Welfare Department
  • Hill Areas Department
  • Handloom Textiles & Sericulture Department
  • Welfare of Plains Tribes and Backward Classes Department
  • Science and Technology Department
  • Transport Department
  • Registration Department
  • Tribes Welfare Department
  • Public Works Department
  • Public Health Engineering Department
  • Irrigation Department
  • Soil Conservation Department
  • Judicial Department
  • Panchayat and Rural Development Department
  • Passport Department
  • Personnel Department
  • Planning and Development Department
  • Relief and Rehabilitation Department

Assembly Constituencies in Assam

In 1937, there were 108 assembly constituencies in the state. The number came down to 105 in 1957. Since 1962, the number of assembly seats was increased to 114. Since 1972, the number of assembly constituencies has become 126. Among these seats, sixteen seats have been reserved for scheduled tribe candidates and eight have been reserved for scheduled caste candidates. Given below is a list of the 126 assembly constituencies in Assam:

Constituency number Name of constituency Number of voters (2011) Parliamentary Constituency Reserved for (SC/ST/None) District
1 Ratabari 138020 Karimganj SC Karimaganj
2 Patharkandi 142923 Karimganj None Karimaganj
3 Karimganj North 157832 Karimaganj None Karimganj
4 Karimganj South 144103 Karimganj None Karimaganj
5 Badarpur 129363 Karimaganj None Karimganj
6 Hailakandi 131786 Karimganj None Hailakandi
7 Katlicherra 146268 Karimganj None Hailakandi
8 Algapur 131624 Karimganj None Hailakandi
9 Silchar 195527 Silchar None Cachar
10 Sonai 137366 Silchar None Cachar
11 Dholai Silchar 139666 SC Cachar
12 Udharbond Silchar 127219 None Cachar
13 Lakhipur Silchar 127350 None Cachar
14 Barkhola Silchar 113232 None Cachar
15 Katigora Silchar 137422 None Cachar
16 Haflong Autonomous District 130390 ST Dima Hasao
17 Bokajan Autonomous District 131754 ST Karbi Anglong
18 Howraghat Autonomous District 108246 ST Karbi Anglong
19 Diphu Autonomous District 165424 ST Karbi Anglong
20 Baithalangso Autonomous District 174405 ST Karbi Anglong
21 Mankachar Dhubri 155178 None Dhubri
22 Salmara South Dhubri 141915 None Dhubri
23 Dhubri Dhubri 153380 None Dhubri
24 Gauripur Dhubri 156559 None Dhubri
25 Golakganj Dhubri 155801 None Dhubri
26 Bilasipara West Dhubri 128330 None Dhubri
27 Bilasipara East Dhubri 164238 None Dhubri
28 Gossaigaon Kokrajhar 159906 None Kokrajhar
29 Kokrajhar West Kokrajhar 146968 ST Kokrajhar
30 Kokrajhar East Kokrajhar 147500 ST Kokrajhar
31 Sidli Kokrajhar 160924 ST Kokrajhar
32 Bongaigaon Barpeta 144484 None Bongaigaon
33 Bijni Kokrajhar 111668 None Bongaigaon
34 Abhayapuri North Barpeta 125304 None Bongaigaon
35 Abhayapuri South Barpeta 145925 SC Bongaigaon
36 Dudhnai Gauhati 151884 ST Goalpara
37 Goalpara East Dhubri 161717 None Goalpara
38 Goalpara West Dhubri 127005 None Goalpara
39 Jaleswar Dhubri 119288 None Goalpara
40 Sorbhog Kokrajhar 160186 None Barpeta
41 Bhabanipur Kokrajhar 117396 None Barpeta
42 Patacharkuchi Barpeta 124993 None Barpeta
43 Barpeta Barpeta 154343 None Barpeta
44 Jania Barpeta 136939 None Barpeta
45 Baghbar Barpeta 108076 None Barpeta
46 Sarukhetri Barpeta 149547 None Barpeta
47 Chenga Barpeta 105482 None Barpeta
48 Boko Gauhati 170334 SC Kamrup
49 Chaygaon Gauhati 140137 None Kamrup
50 Palasbari Gauhati 130453 None Kamrup
51 Jalukbari Gauhati 167597 None Kamrup Metro
52 Dispur Gauhati 318282 None Kamrup Metro
53 Gauhati East Gauhati 226751 None Kamrup Metro
54 Gauhati West Gauhati 239117 None Kamrup Metro
55 Hajo Gauhati 138141 None Kamrup
56 Kamalpur Mangaldoi 144064 None Kamrup
57 Rangiya Mangaldoi 156270 None Kamrup
58 Tamulpur Kokrajhar 158534 None Baksa
59 Nalbari Mangaldoi 158527 None Nalbari
60 Barkhetry Gauhati 153244 None Nalbari
61 Dharmapur Barpeta 127005 None Nalbari
62 Barama Kokrajhar 133643 ST Baksa
63 Chapaguri Kokrajhar 129302 ST Baksa
64 Panery Mangaldoi 125210 None Udalguri
65 Kalaigaon Mangaldoi 142863 None Darrang
66 Sipajhar Mangaldoi 149610 None Darrang
67 Mangaldoi Mangaldoi 186789 SC Darrang
68 Dalgaon Mangaldoi 165803 None Darrang
69 Udalguri Mangaldoi 127906 ST Udalguri
70 Majbat Mangaldoi 119628 None Udalguri
71 Dhekiajuli Tezpur 166600 None Sonitpur
72 Barchalla Tezpur 132121 None Sonitpur
73 Tezpur Tezpur 151913 None Sonitpur
74 Rangapara Tezpur 133656 None Sonitpur
75 Sootea Tezpur 150354 None Sonitpur
76 Biswanath Tezpur 131058 None Sonitpur
77 Behali Tezpur 100072 None Sonitpur
78 Gohpur Tezpur 160187 None Sonitpur
79 Jagiroad Nowgong 178148 SC Marigaon
80 Marigaon Nowgong 150856 None Marigaon
81 Laharighat Nowgong 137730 None Marigaon
82 Raha Nowgong 171707 SC Nagaon
83 Dhing Kaliabor 157327 None Nagaon
84 Batadroba Kaliabor 130883 None Nagaon
85 Rupohihat Kaliabor 143071 None Nagaon
86 Nowgong Nowgong 158550 None Nagaon
87 Barhampur Nowgong 149564 None Nagaon
88 Samaguri Kaliabor 128659 None Nagaon
89 Kaliabor Kaliabor 113771 None Nagaon
90 Jamunamukh Nowgong 155977 None Nagaon
91 Hojai Nowgong 204074 None Nagaon
92 Lumding Nowgong 172650 None Nagaon
93 Bokakhat Kaliabor 118784 None Golaghat
94 Sarupathar Kaliabor 198470 None Golaghat
95 Golaghat Kaliabor 161817 None Golaghat
96 Khumtai Kaliabor 112486 None Golaghat
97 Dergaon Kaliabor 136570 SC Jorhat
98 Jorhat Jorhat 153517 None Jorhat
99 Majuli Lakhimpur 107837 ST Jorhat
100 Titabar Jorhat 123529 None Jorhat
101 Mariani Jorhat 104283 None Jorhat
102 Teok Jorhat 113203 None Jorhat
103 Amguri Jorhat 109723 None Sibsagar
104 Nazira Jorhat 112810 None Sibsagar
105 Mahmara Jorhat 114995 None Sibsagar
106 Sonari Jorhat 146700 None Sibsagar
107 Thowra Jorhat 94833 None Sibsagar
108 Sibsagar Jorhat 135478 None Sibsagar
109 Bihpuria Tezpur 120914 None Lakhimpur
110 Naoboicha Lakhimpur 155973 None Lakhimpur
111 Lakhimpur Lakhimpur 141363 None Lakhimpur
112 Dhakuakhana Lakhimpur 154622 ST Lakhimpur
113 Dhemaji Lakhimpur 186281 ST Dhemaji
114 Jonai Lakhimpur 232669 ST Dhemaji
115 Moran Dibruagarh 115307 None Dibrugarh
116 Dibrugarh Dibrugarh 124874 None Dibruagarh
117 Lahowal Dibruagarh 118135 None Dibrugarh
118 Duliajan Dibrugarh 136759 None Dibruagarh
119 Tingkhong Dibrugarh 115873 None Dibruagarh
120 Naharkatia Dibruagarh 117116 None Dibrugarh
121 Chabua Dibrugarh 132976 None Lakhimpur
122 Tinsukia Dibrugarh 141023 None Tinsukia
123 Digboi Dibrugarh 112637 None Tinsukia
124 Margherita Dibrugarh 158821 None Tinsukia
125 Doomdooma Lakhimpur 120375 None Tinsukia
126 Sadiya Lakhimpur 142376 None Tinsukia

Cabinet ministers in Assam Government

Given below are the names of the cabinet ministers in Assam Government along with the portfolios held by them:

Name of Minister Portfolio
Ajanta Neog PWD (Roads & Buildings, NH), Urban Development & Housing
Dr. Ardhenu Kumar Dey Irrigation & Soil Conservation
Akon Bora Social Welfare & Jails
Khorsing Ingty Animal Husbandry & Veterinary, Hill Areas, Mines & Minerals
Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma Health & Family Welfare, Implementation of Assam Accord, Education
Pranati Phukan Handloom & Textiles, Cultural Affairs, Sericulture
Nilomani Sen Deka Horticulture & Food Processing, Agriculture, Parliamentary Affairs
Prithvi Majhi Revenue & DM, Tea Tribes Welfare, Relief & Rehabilitation, Labour & Employment
Pradyut Bordoloi Power, Industries & Commerce, Public Enterprises
Tanka Bahadur Rai Judicial, Planning & Development, Pension & Public Grievance, Legislative
Rockybul Hussain Environment & Forest, Panchayat & Rural Development,
Chandan Brahma Tourism, Transport, WPT & BC (only BTAD regions)
Gautam Roy Public Health Engineering
Dr. Nazrul Islam Welfare of Minorities, Food & Civil Supplies, Haj

Ministers of State (Independent Charge) in Assam

Given below are the names of the Ministers of State (Independent Charge) in Assam along with the portfolios held by them:

Name of Minister Portfolio
Basanta Das Information & Public Relations, Fisheries, Printing & Stationery
Ajit Singh Sports & Youth Welfare, Excise
Rajib Lochan Pegu WPT & BC (excluding BTAD regions), Water Resources
Siddique Ahmed Border Areas Development, Cooperation

Last Updated on 04 October 2011