Assam Government and Politics involves the various political parties that rule the state and function as opposition in the legislative assembly. Currently, the Indian state of Assam is ruled by the Indian National Congress and the opposition parties in the state include the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), Bharatiya Janata Party, and Communist Party of India.
Government of Assam
The Government of Assam is the regional ruling authority of the state of Assam, Republic of India. The head of the state is the Governor of Assam. At present, the Governor of the state is His Excellency Mr. Janaki Ballabh Patnaik. The chief minister of the state functions as the head of the government. He is also the leader of the legislative party sitting in the treasury bench. The Assam Legislative Assembly consists of 126 elected members or legislators. Assembly elections take place in the state after every five years unless it is stated otherwise. The chief minister of the state is helped in running the government by a council of ministers, which is nominated by the chief minister himself.
National Parties in Assam
Assam, an important state located in the northeastern part of India, is known for its significant presence in Indian politics. As far as politics in India is concerned, the state always stays at the front position and it is significantly plagued by the ULFA strikes and other radical activities carried out by this separatist organization. About national level political parties in Assam Following the most recent ULFA attacks in the state, the national level political parties in Assam have consented on one viewpoint that they should gain courage and attempt to stop terrorism at any cost. The most important national level political parties that dictate the political state of affairs in the state are as follows:
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) Indian National Congress (INC) Communist Party of India (CPI) Communist Party of India (Marxist), also known as CPI (M)Scenario of National Level Political Parties in Assam
Currently, the state government of Assam is ruled by the Indian National Congress (INC), which is also ruling the Central Government. The chief minister of the state is Tarun Gogoi. The political system of the state is overseen by the Governor of the state. Currently, the Governor of the state is Janaki Ballabh Patnaik, a former Congress leader. The Governor of the state is helped in his functioning by the Chief Minister together with his ministry, who are elected to the legislative assembly of the state. The Indian National Congress has been ruling the state since the country gained its independence from British dominion in 1947. The party ruled the state till 1978. In 1978, a Janata Party Government took over the control of Assam. Nevertheless, the government had a short stint and the Indian National Congress returned to power once again in 1980. They ruled the state till 1985. In 1985, the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), a party which backed the Assam Agitation, was elected by the people of the state to rule the state for the next five years. After 1985, the Asom Gana Parishad and the Indian National Congress governed the state alternatively till 2001. Since 2001, the Indian National Congress again came to power and since then the party has been ruling the state in an uninterrupted manner. They became successful in winning the assembly elections held in 2006 and 2011 successively. Tarun Gogoi is the only chief minister in the chronicles of the state to be chosen as the CM for the third successive time.
Assam Chief Minister
The Assam Chief Minister is Shri Tarun Gogoi was elected and sworn to the office of the Chief Minister of Assam on 17th May in the year 2001. He lives with his family of wife and two children in the Chief Minister's Residence in Guwahati.
Mr Tarun Gogoi was born to Dr. Kamaleswar Gogoi and Usha Gogoi on the 1st of April 1936. The Honorable Chief Mister of Assam has received degrees in law from the Guwahati University in the state of Assam. He had a great interest in politics from his youth and was marked by the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who appointed him to lead the youth community of the state of Assam in the year 1971. Associated with the Indian National Congress party, Mr Tarun Gogoi was elected to the parliament several times from 1971. He had been the joint secretary to the All India Congress Committee in 1976 and the general secretary in 1985. The honorable chief minister had held the position of the President of Pradesh Congress Committee in Assam from 1986 to 1990. He held office as the Union Minister of State in the ministry of food from 1991 to 1993 and was reelected as the Union Minister in the ministry of food processing in 1993 to 1995. He was also a consultative committee member in the ministry of petroleum and natural gas and railways.
Council of Ministers
The present Assam Council of Ministers was given their portfolios on the 21st of May in the year 2006 after the present government of the state of Assam was elected. The elected members were sworn into their office and they performed their duties in the various departments assigned to them.
The council of ministers of Assam is headed by the chief minister of the state of Assam and aids the head of the state in governance. The ministers are assigned various departments. The chief minister himself looks after the Home ministry and other departments like political, finance, public works and departments not specified or allotted to ministers. A list of the Assam council of Ministers is stated below:
- Revenue, relief and rehabilitation, Implementation of Assam Accord and Administrative Reforms and Training - Dr. Bhumidhar Barman.
- Agriculture and Welfare of Plains Tribes and Backward Classes - Pramila Rani Brahma
- Urban development and housing - Mr. Dinesh Prasad Goawala.
- Hill Areas, Mines & Minerals and Veterinary - Sri Kharsingh Engti
- Water Resources and Parliamentary Affairs - Sri Bharat Ch. Narah
- Co-operation and Cultural Affairs - Sri Gautam Bora
- Excise and Border Areas - Sri Gautam Roy
- Food and Civil Supplies, Minorities Welfare and Development and Haj Affairs - Dr. Nazrul Islam
- Elementary Education, Secondary Education and Higher Education - Sri Ripun Bora
- Panchayat and Rural Development and Transport - Sri Chandan Brahma
- Environment and Forests, Tourism, Printing and Stationary and Information and Public Relations - Sri Rockybul Hussain
- Planning and Development, Labour and Employment, and Tea Tribes Welfare - Sri Prithibi Majhi
- Social Welfare and Jails - Ajanta Neog
- Irrigation, Soil Conservation and Fishery - Sri Nurjamal Sarkar
- Industries & Commerce, Power (Electricity), Public Enterprises - Sri Pradyut Bordoloi
- Health and Family Welfare, Guwahati Development, Information Technology, and Science & Technology - Sri Himanta Biswa Sarma
- Textile and Sericulture, Judicial and Legislative - Sri Pranab Gogoi
Current Governor of Assam
At present, His Excellency Janaki Ballabh Patnaik is the Governor of Assam. He took charge of the state on November 27, 2009.
Early life of Janaki Ballabh Patnaik
Janaki Ballabh Patnaik was born on January 3, 1927. He hails from Rameshwar in Puri district. His father was the late Gokulananda Patnaik. He did his schooling from Khurda High School. After finishing his school education, Janaki Ballabh Patnaik obtained his bachelor's degree in Sanskrit language from Utkal University in 1947. In 1949, he did his post graduation (Master of Arts) in Political Science from the Banaras Hindu University. When he was a student in Ravenshaw College, he spearheaded the student's campaign for the taking away of British Union Jack from college campus.
He has worked as editor of the following dailies:
- 'Eastern Times', an English daily - 1952-66
- 'Prajatantra', an Oriya daily - 1952-67
- Founder-Editor of 'Paurusha' - an Oriya magazine.
From the very beginning, Janaki Ballabh Patnaik has been associated with the Indian National Congress. A prominent leader of the party, Patnaik served as the Chief Minister of the state from 1980 to 1989. He once more became the Chief Minister of Orissa and served the state from 1995 to 1999. He served the state for a record amount of time. In 1953, he spearheaded an effective farmer's protest in Madhupur, Cuttack.
In 1950, he was nominated as the President of the Youth Wing of the Congress in Orissa (Yuba Congress). Janaki Ballabh Patnaik was given the portfolio of the Ministry for Tourism, Civil Aviation and Labor in the Union Government in 1980. He also served in the capacity of the Leader of the Opposition in the Orissa Vidhan Parishad (Orissa Legislative Council).
He has been linked with different public, cultural, and literary institutions and campaigns in Orissa. He handled relief activities in the riot inflicted places in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh in the capacity of Chairman, All India Congress Committee Relief Cell.
Positions held by Janaki Ballabh Patnik
|1950||President, Orissa State Youth Congress.|
|1954-60||Member, Working Committee of Orissa Pradesh Congress Committee,|
|1956-67||Member, Orissa Sahitya Academy|
|1956-60||Member, Executive Committee of All-India Newspaper Editor's Conference|
|1957-67||Member, Senate of Utkal University,|
|1975 onwards||Member, All-India Congress Committee|
|1978-80||President, Orissa Pradesh Congress Committee|
|February 1992 - May 1998, December 1999 - October 2001, and January 2004 - June 2004||Member, All-India Congress Working Committee|
|1990-92||Chairman, AICC Relief Committee|
Assembly Constituencies in Assam
In 1937, there were 108 assembly constituencies in the state. The number came down to 105 in 1957. Since 1962, the number of assembly seats was increased to 114. Since 1972, the number of assembly constituencies has become 126. Among these seats, sixteen seats have been reserved for scheduled tribe candidates and eight have been reserved for scheduled caste candidates. Given below is a list of the 126 assembly constituencies in Assam:
|Constituency number||Name of constituency||Number of voters (2011)||Parliamentary Constituency||Reserved for (SC/ST/None)||District|
|16||Haflong||Autonomous District||130390||ST||Dima Hasao|
|17||Bokajan||Autonomous District||131754||ST||Karbi Anglong|
|18||Howraghat||Autonomous District||108246||ST||Karbi Anglong|
|19||Diphu||Autonomous District||165424||ST||Karbi Anglong|
|20||Baithalangso||Autonomous District||174405||ST||Karbi Anglong|
|53||Gauhati East||Gauhati||226751||None||Kamrup Metro|
|54||Gauhati West||Gauhati||239117||None||Kamrup Metro|
Cabinet ministers in Assam Government
Given below are the names of the cabinet ministers in Assam Government along with the portfolios held by them:
|Name of Minister||Portfolio|
|Ajanta Neog||PWD (Roads & Buildings, NH), Urban Development & Housing|
|Dr. Ardhenu Kumar Dey||Irrigation & Soil Conservation|
|Akon Bora||Social Welfare & Jails|
|Khorsing Ingty||Animal Husbandry & Veterinary, Hill Areas, Mines & Minerals|
|Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma||Health & Family Welfare, Implementation of Assam Accord, Education|
|Pranati Phukan||Handloom & Textiles, Cultural Affairs, Sericulture|
|Nilomani Sen Deka||Horticulture & Food Processing, Agriculture, Parliamentary Affairs|
|Prithvi Majhi||Revenue & DM, Tea Tribes Welfare, Relief & Rehabilitation, Labour & Employment|
|Pradyut Bordoloi||Power, Industries & Commerce, Public Enterprises|
|Tanka Bahadur Rai||Judicial, Planning & Development, Pension & Public Grievance, Legislative|
|Rockybul Hussain||Environment & Forest, Panchayat & Rural Development,|
|Chandan Brahma||Tourism, Transport, WPT & BC (only BTAD regions)|
|Gautam Roy||Public Health Engineering|
|Dr. Nazrul Islam||Welfare of Minorities, Food & Civil Supplies, Haj|
Ministers of State (Independent Charge) in Assam
Given below are the names of the Ministers of State (Independent Charge) in Assam along with the portfolios held by them:
|Name of Minister||Portfolio|
|Basanta Das||Information & Public Relations, Fisheries, Printing & Stationery|
|Ajit Singh||Sports & Youth Welfare, Excise|
|Rajib Lochan Pegu||WPT & BC (excluding BTAD regions), Water Resources|
|Siddique Ahmed||Border Areas Development, Cooperation|
Last Updated on 04 October 2011