Business & Economy of Dadra & Nagar Haveli are mainly based on agriculture and the manufacturing industries. Since a large section of the union territory is covered with forests. So forestry is also an important occupational source for the people of Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
An industry has also been set up in Dadra & Nagar Haveli by the government that is totally forestry-related. This industry of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is a major producer of Khair from Khair wood. The other important products from the forests of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are sisam, mahara, sadra and teak.
There is also a poultry-breeding farm run by the government of Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Buffaloes, goats, cattle and sheep are among the various farm animals of the union territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli. For the welfare of these animals there is a well maintained veterinary hospital and two veterinary centers in the union territory.
In Dadra & Nagar Haveli there are about four industrial estates. The major products that are manufactured here include electrical fixtures, watches, detergent powder, art silk fabrics, flooring tiles, textile frames, chemicals and so on.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli agriculture is one of the chief occupational sources in the union territory. Most of the tribal people of the region engage in the production of food crops. Lying in the agro-climatic zone of Gujarat, the agriculture of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is dependent on the monsoon rains. 21,115 hectares of land in under cultivation and a huge section of the people of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli derive their sustenance from agriculture. The business and economy of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is dependent on agriculture.
The chief crops cultivated in the region are paddy, wheat, jowar, ragi, small millets, pulses, tur, udad, niger, oilseed and sugarcane. Vegetables that are ploughed in the arable lands comprise of tomato, brinjal, cauliflower and cabbage. 0.15 to 0.20 hectares of arable land is dedicated to the growth of fruits like chikoo, guava, mango and coconut. Some of the vegetables that grow in the hot climatic conditions are ploughed in the irrigated lands of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
According to the government reports, the average size of the arable land holding in Dadra and Nagar Haveli is 1.77 hectares. The Dadra & Nagar Haveli agriculture generates 76.37 percent of employment of which 89.36 percent belong to the tribal population. The government is attempting to reduce the dependency on agriculture in Dadra and Nagar Haveli. To achieve this, the government attempts to promote industries in the region. The government also proposes to increase the irrigation facilities in the region. Planned schemes of the government ensure that the farmers of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are provided with more high quality seed for cultivation. Presently, of the total cultivable land only 12000 hectares use high yielding variety seeds.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli forestry plays a crucial role in the business and economy of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The forests of Dadra and Nagar Haveli cover a sprawling area of 201 square kilometers, which constitute 42 percent of the total geographical area of the union territory.
The people of the union territory derive resources from the forest of the region. The forest department of Dadra and Nagar Haveli has emphasized the need to protect the forestry from exhausting its resources. Preservation of natural forests and rehabilitation of the degraded forest regions are the primary objectives of the forest department. To achieve the objective, the forest department has engaged in practicing social forestry in Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The social and farm forestry in Dadra and Nagar Haveli includes rehabilitation by planting saplings and trees by the roadside and on partially submerged areas on the banks of the River Damanganga. To preserve the fuel fodder, which the tribal communities utilize from the forests of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the forest department has initiated the fuel wood and small timber plantation. The government also presents rewards and incentives to the tribal people for planting trees in small and marginal lands.
The Dadra & Nagar Haveli forestry is also rich in the underground growth of nirgudi, ukshi, karamda, odhvel, nandanvel and bokadvel.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli farming dominates the business and economy of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. 76.37 percent of the population comprises of small and marginal farmers who derive their source of living from farming in Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The total arable land in the union territory is 21,115 hectares. The average size of the farm holding in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, according to reports of the government department of agriculture in the union territory, is 1.77 hectares.
The chief agricultural crops cultivated in the farms of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are Paddy, Niger, Udad, Nagli and Tur. The summer crops of Wheat and vegetables, sugarcane and mustard are grown in the irrigated farmlands of the union territory. Only a small part of the farmlands in Dadra and Nagar Haveli are irrigated. The rest of the cultivable and arable lands are dependent on the monsoon rains.
The farmers of Dadra and Nagar Haveli practice farming in the traditional and primitive method. 91.26 percent of the people working in the agricultural sector are from the weaker and impoverished section of the society. 89.36 percent of the agricultural populace belongs to the tribal community of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. These farmers are unable to use modern and mechanized tools for farming. The agricultural department of Dadra and Nagar Haveli have implemented schemes to provide the tractors, wheat threshers and the power mills to the farmers at subsidized rates. Some of the other objectives of the agricultural department to improve Dadra and Nagar Haveli farming include distribution of pesticides and insecticides, encouraging the use of High Yielding Variety seeds, use of fertilizers, establishing soil testing laboratories, training farmers and making the electric pumps and pipes available to the farmers.
Realizing the necessity to grow the industrial sector in the union territory, the government has established the industrial estates of Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Three regions of the union territory have been marked as the industrial estates in Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Two other cooperative industrial estates in Dadra and Nagar Haveli have been added to the already existing village industrial estates.
One of the industrial estates exists in the village of Masat. The village of Silvassa has been divided into two phases. The first phase of the industrial estate in Silvassa is referred to as the Silvassa I while the second phase is located in the villages of Amil and Khadoli. The industrial estates of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli extend over a total area of 700 to 4000 square meters. Along with these, the government has set up two other cooperative industrial estates in the village of Amil. The government has proposed to convert the agricultural lands of the union territory into non-agricultural industrial belts. The proposed plan includes the conversion of 1700 hectares of agricultural land into the non-agricultural region. 1300 hectares are still available with the government for conversion that falls under the proposed scheme of 2000-2010 regional plan of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
The industrial estates of Dadra & Nagar Haveli are supported by proper infrastructure to facilitate the manufacturing industries and enterprises. The government has provided the industrial belt of Dadra and Nagar Haveli with energy and power generating facilities required by the industries of the region.
The business and economy of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is influenced by the emerging Dadra & Nagar Haveli manufacturing industries of the region. The union territory is primarily and agro based economy and has only a few industries that participate in the manufacturing activities. Small scale and cottage industries are prevalent in the region. Some of these small industries use the resources from the forests that lie in abundance in the region of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
The khair wood is used in the manufacture of Katha in Dadra and Nagar Haveli. A small industry has been established to produce Katha in the region. Manufacturing in Dadra and Nagar Haveli includes the production of chemicals, detergent powders, silk fabrics, electrical fixtures, spectacle frames, watches and flooring tiles. The forest products manufactured in Dadra and Nagar Haveli are exported to foreign countries and earn foreign currency for the country.
The Dadra & Nagar Haveli manufacturing is a slow progressing sector that presents great scope of growth. To encourage the entrepreneurs to engage in manufacturing activities in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the government has issued statues levying less tax on the industries of the region. The manufacturers of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are also exempted from paying the excise duty that is essential for the industries of the other states in India. To facilitate the Dadra & Nagar Haveli manufacturing industries, the government has improved the energy and power generating requisites. The government of the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli attempts to promote large-scale industries along with the already present medium and small-scale enterprises in the region.
Last Updated on 7/5/2013