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Elections in India

Map of Elections in India 2014

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Elections in India 2014 Chandigarh Tripura Delhi Goa Manipur Meghayala Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Arunachalpradesh Uttrakhand Asom Bihar Chhattisgarh Gujarat Haryana Himachal Jammuandkashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhyapradesh Maharashtra Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamilnadu Uttarpradesh westbengal Andhrapradesh Puducherry Andaman Lakshadeep Dadranagarhaveli Damananddiu
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Andaman and Nicobar

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Andhra Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):42

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):294

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7), 7 May (Phase 8)

Assembly Elections Dates:30 April (Phase 1), 07 May (Phase 2)

Arunachal Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Assembly Elections Dates:09 April

Asom (Assam)

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):14

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):126

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 April (Phase 1), 12 April (Phase 4), 24 April (Phase 6)

Bihar

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):40

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):243

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

Chandigarh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Chhattisgarh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):11

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):90

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Daman and Diu

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Delhi

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):7

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):70

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Goa

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):40

Lok Sabha Election Dates:12 April (Phase 5)

Gujarat

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):26

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):182

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Haryana

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):10

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):90

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Assembly Elections Dates:Not declared

Himachal Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):4

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):68

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 May (Phase 8)

Jammu And Kashmir

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):6

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):87

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8)

Jharkhand

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):14

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):81

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Karnataka

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):28

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):224

Lok Sabha Election Dates:17 April (Phase 5)

Kerala

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):20

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):140

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Lakshadweep

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3)

Madhya Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):29

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):230

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Maharashtra

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):48

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):288

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Assembly Elections Dates:Not declared

Manipur

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2), 17 April (Phase 5)

Meghalaya

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Mizoram

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):40

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Nagaland

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:09 April (Phase 2)

Odisha

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):21

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):147

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5)

Assembly Elections Dates:10 April (Phase 1), 17 April (Phase 2)

Puducherry

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):30

Lok Sabha Election Dates:24 April (Phase 6)

Punjab

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):13

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):117

Lok Sabha Election Dates:30 April (Phase 7)

Rajasthan

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):25

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):200

Lok Sabha Election Dates:17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)

Sikkim

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):1

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):32

Lok Sabha Election Dates:12 April (Phase 4)

Assembly Elections Dates:12 April

Tamil Nadu

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):39

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):234

Lok Sabha Election Dates:24 April (Phase 6)

Tripura

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):2

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):60

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 April (Phase 1), 12 April (Phase 4)

Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal)

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):5

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):70

Lok Sabha Election Dates:07 May (Phase 8)

Uttar Pradesh

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):80

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):403

Lok Sabha Election Dates:10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

West Bengal

No. of Parliamentary Constituencies (seats):42

No. of Assembly Constituencies (seats):294

Lok Sabha Election Dates:17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

Parliamentary Constituencies Assembly Constituencies
General Elections 2014 Assembly Elections 2014
General Election Results Assembly Election Results
Election Dates Candidates List for General Election 2014


India has a federal government where power is divided among the central government, governments of states, and other local bodies. The Prime Minister heads the central government, and is leader of majority group in parliament forming the government.
The members of the Lok Sabha, the Vidhan Sabha and the Union Territories are directly elected by the people of India falling under universal adult suffrage through elections. Two members of the Lok Sabha are nominated by the President of India. The Rajya Sabha members are elected by the members of the state and territorial legislatures.

Elections in India 2014



The constitutional term of 15th Lok Sabha will complete on May 31, 2014. The general election for members of 16th Lok Sabha will be held in 2014 by public voting in all parliamentary constituencies. The two leading parties contesting are the Indian National Congress (INC) - the party leading the ruling UPA government - and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the main opposition party. Narendra Modi is the prime ministerial candidate of the BJP. Though Rahul Gandhi appears to be the new face of the party, the INC is yet to announce its candidate.

Assembly Elections 2014

Dates of Assembly Elections 2014 to be held in the state of Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim and Odisha were announced on 5th March 2014. The schedule is as mentioned below:

StateTotal SeatsElection Date
Andhra Pradesh29430th April, 7th May
Odisha14710th April, 17th April
Sikkim3212th April
Haryana90Not Declared
Arunachal Pradesh609th April
Maharashtra288Not Declared


General Elections 2014

The 16th Lok Sabha Elections will be held in nine phases all over India, starting from 7th April 2014 till 12th of May 2014. For details about the schedules of various states, you may refer to the following:

Andaman and Nicobar Election Haryana Election Nagaland Election
Andhra Pradesh Election Himachal Pradesh Election Orissa Election
Arunachal Pradesh Election Jammu And Kashmir Election Pondicherry Election
Assam Election Jharkhand Election Punjab Election
Bihar Election Karnataka Election Rajasthan Election
Chandigarh Election Kerala Election Sikkim Election
Chhattisgarh Election Lakshadweep Election Tamilnadu Election
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Election Madhya Pradesh Election Tripura Election
Daman and Diu Election Maharashtra Election Uttarakhand Election
Delhi Election Manipur Election Uttar Pradesh Election
Goa Election Meghalaya Election West Bengal Election
Gujarat Election Mizoram Election


India General Election Results

For General Elections 2014, the counting of votes for all 543 parliamentary constituencies of India will be conducted on 16th of May 2014. To get details about the state-wise results of past General Elections along with constituency-wise data and winning candidates, you may refer to the following. Interactive maps have also been provided for each state, with colour-coding of the constituencies.

Andaman and Nicobar Election ResultsHaryana Election ResultsPuducherry Election Results
Andhra Pradesh Election ResultsHimachal Pradesh Election ResultsPunjab Election Results
Arunachal Pradesh Election ResultsJammu and Kashmir Election ResultsRajasthan Election Results
Assam Election ResultsJharkhand Election ResultsSikkim Election Results
Bihar Election ResultsKarnataka Election ResultsTamil Nadu Election Results
Chandigarh Election ResultsKerala Election ResultsTripura Election Results
Chhattisgarh Election ResultsLakshadweep Election ResultsUttarakhand Election Results
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Election ResultsMadhya Pradesh Election ResultsWest Bengal Election Results
Daman and Diu Election ResultsMaharashtra Election ResultsMeghalaya Election Results
Delhi Election ResultsManipur Election ResultsMizoram Election Results
Goa Election ResultsNagaland Election ResultsUttar Pradesh Election Results
Gujarat Election ResultsOdisha Election Results


History of Elections

The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. Drafted by a committee led by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, it took effect from January 26, 1950, and the date is celebrated as the Republic Day of India. India was declared as a democratic republic, with Dr. Rajendra Prasad becoming the first President of India. The first constitutional elections in India were held in 1952, in which the INC won by majority and India got its first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. The first Lok Sabha was formed and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was re-elected as the President of India.

Election Commission of India

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is established constitutionally as an autonomous federal authority. The prime responsibility of the ECI is to administer and supervise all electoral processes under the Indian Constitution, maintaining the principles and rules ensuring free and fair polling.

The Chief Election Commissioner, appointed by the President of India, heads the commission. The President also appoints two Election Commissioners. According to Conditions of Service Rules 1992, salaries and allowances of the Chief Election Commissioner and the two Election Commissioners are at par with that of Judges of the Supreme Court of India. The Parliament of India can remove the Chief Election Commissioner on grounds of incapacity or misbehavior only if it attains support of two-third majority in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. The President of India has the power to remove the two election commissioners on recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.

Purpose of Elections

In a democracy, the government is formed by people's representation. India is a democratic republic where governance is elected by people both centrally as well as regionally. In case of regional governance, i.e., state government, geographies are demarcated for appropriate representation of the people in various Vidhan Sabhas. For the central government, every state sends their representatives in the Lok Sabha by clubbing certain number of Vidhan Sabha constituencies to represent populace of such demography. Election is a process which allows people to exercise their right in choosing a representative either of specific political and economic ideals or independent personality by casting votes. Thus, election is required for representation by the people right from Gram Panchayat, Municipalities & Corporations, Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha, so that the whole country from village-level upwards is represented through a fair process.

The Electoral Process

  • Constituencies are segregated as per the number of seats in Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha elections.
  • The voters' list of the demarcated constituencies is prepared and published.
  • The Election Commission declares dates of election, date of filing nomination papers and the last date of withdrawing nomination.
  • Nominations are filed.
  • Nomination papers are verified on a fixed date. The commission has power to reject a nomination if the papers are not in order.
  • Campaigns are held by political parties through public meetings, distribution of posters, processions, and use of media like radio and television.
  • Campaigning closes 48 hours prior to election date.
  • The election law in India prohibits a candidate from:
    • Threatening or bribing a voter
    • Campaigning using government resources
    • Influencing or appealing voters on religion and caste
    • Spending over Rs. 25 lakhs and Rs. 10 lakhs for one-time Lok Sabha or Vidhan Sabha election, respectively.
If a candidate is found guilty of practicing the above, the court can annul his/her election even after being duly elected

  • All political parties abide by the Model Code of Conduct.
  • Elections are conducted in selected government colleges and schools with respective District Collectors taking charge of polling.
  • Government employees are inducted in the polling booths.
  • Vote is cast either by ballot boxes or through the Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs).
  • The ballot boxes and EVMs are thereafter transferred to strong rooms until counting is undertaken at pre-fixed centre.
  • The candidate receiving majority votes is declared as elected from the constituency.
  • Election may be re-held if complaint from a candidate is found to be valid.
  • The party or coalition that has won by majority forms the government.
The four major types of elections held in India are:
  1. General or Lok Sabha Elections: The General elections are held every 5 years. The candidates elected become Members of Parliament or MPs. The Lok Sabha has a maximum of 552 seats and currently there are 544 MPs in the house. The maximum number of seats can be altered if the parliament approves such an amendment. The party or coalition achieving majority in the house forms the government and chooses the Prime Minister. The candidate thus chosen must be a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If he/she is not, then six months time is given for him/her to get elected to either of the houses.

  2. Rajya Sabha Elections: Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Indian Parliament. There can be a maximum of 250 members, of which 12 are nominated by the President of India. These 12 members are generally renowned and knowledgeable personalities from different walks of life such as art, social service, science, literature or sports. The state and territorial legislatures representing 28 states and 2 Union Territories elect the rest of the members. Members are elected every six years with two-third retiring every two years. The two houses, namely the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, can meet to resolve any conflicting legislation between the two.

  3. Election of the President: The President of India is officially the head of the judiciary, legislature and state of the Indian Republic. He is the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. He is indirectly elected by the people of India through Electoral College consisting of elected members of the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabhas and Vidhan Parishads and serves a term of five years. Re-election takes place if the incumbent resigns or in case of his/her death. Any Indian citizen who has attained 35 years of age and is qualified for Lok Sabha elections is an eligible candidate for the Presidential post. However, he should not hold any office of profit or a seat in parliament or state assembly.

  4. State Assembly Elections: The Legislative or State Assembly elections are held in 28 states and 2 Union Territories out of the 7 Union Territories of India. The candidates elected become Members of the legislative assembly or Vidhan Sabha of the respective states. They are known as MLAs. The party or coalition holding majority in the state forms the government and chooses the Chief Minister of the state. The MLAs of the winning party hold different offices as ministers of state. The state assembly elections are held every 5 years.

The "None of the Above" voting option

In 2009, the Election Commission of India approached the Supreme Court to add a "None of the Above" or NOTA option to the ballot. A public interest litigation was filed by a non-governmental organization called People's Union for Civil Liberties in its support. Though the government opposed it, in September 2013, the Supreme Court passed an order to the Election Commission to implement the NOTA option on the voting machines. The Supreme Court is of the opinion that this application will increase participation of voters in elections. The bench, headed by Chief Justice P. Sathasivam, passed the order, saying, "Democracy is all about choices and voters will be empowered by this right of negative voting".

Last Updated on : March 15, 2014





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