The modernization of a nation has its flipside. One of the fastest growing nations, India's energy consumption is increasing at a rapid rate. In India energy resources are being properly harnessed to cater to the growing urban and rural needs.
Growing energy needs in India
The energy requirement in India is growing at a very fast rate. This is due to a number of reasons like:
- Growing number of industries and offices
- Increasing number of motors and vehicles
- Growing number of electrical equipments
- Rising population
- Rise in demand of cooking gas
Energy Resources in India
India is a land with vast natural resources. It has a plethora of coal mines, water bodies, areas with strong winds and places rich in minerals. These enable the country to generate its own energy. India is capable of meeting 90% of its own energy needs. This is possible due to the availability of various renewable and non-renewable energy resources.
Renewable energy resources in India
- Bio-fuels - Bio-diesel is one of the major requirements in the world. India has abundant bio-mass to utilize. Its biomass reserves have not been properly harnessed. The Indian Government is making efforts to exploit the biomass reserves of the country.
- Hydroelectric power - India has a large number of water bodies in the form of rivers and oceans. The availability of these water resources makes it easy to generate hydroelectricity. At present the country has a capability of producing hydro energy of about 15 million MW.
- Combustible wastes - India is converting its combustible wastes into powerful energy resources.
- Wind power - India is developing its wind energy plants. With windmills installed in as many as 13 states, India produces electric energy of about 45,000 MW.
- Solar energy - India is steadily using solar power to replace electrical energy. But there is still much room for improvement. The cost of solar equipments is still high in the country.
- Nuclear energy - India is trying to generate nuclear power for civil use. The recent Indo-US nuclear pact has been a step in that direction. India is trying to develop an annual 20 GW of nuclear power generation capability by 2020. It occupies the ninth place in the number of countries having active nuclear power reactors.
Non-renewable energy resources
Indian Energy Companies
At present, there are a number of companies engaged in energy generation. They are using the India energy resources for generation of huge amounts of electric energy. Some of these are
Unitron Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd.
Sr No 235,
Maharashtra - 411032,
Phone number: 020 26684399.
E.R.I Tech limited
Mirza Galib Street,
West Bengal - 700016,
Phone number: 033 22264404.
Focus Energy Ltd.
3rd Floor Gopala Tower,
25 Rajendra Place,
New Delhi - 110008,
Phone number: +91-11-42300400, 25065011/12
E - 20,
Noida Special Economic Zone [SEZ],
Noida - 201 305,
Phone number: 91-120-2568537
India is blessed with abundant natural resources. These companies are trying to harness India energy resources to the maximum capacity.
Last Updated on : 22 September 2010
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