Ministry of Human Resource Development


Established on 26th September, 1985, the Ministry of Human Resource Development was formed under the 174th Amendment of the India Government. At present, the Ministry comprises 2 departments, namely, Department of Higher Education and Department of Literacy and School Education. The former is responsible for primary education, secondary education and adult literacy within the country. The latter deals with higher education, propagation of languages and provide scholarships to the meritorious students. It also deals with minority education, technical education and supports promotion of books.

Ministry of Human Resource Development is responsible for all-round development of children living in India. The Ministry is held responsible for proper dissemination of knowledge among the citizens and children. It has introduced several education related programs in the rural and urban areas of the country for the improvement of education system. Shri Arjun Singh is the Minister in charge of the Ministry of Human Resource Development of India. Shri R P Agarwal and Shri Champak Chatterjee control the Department of Elementary Education and Literacy Department of Secondary & Higher Education of the Ministry respectively. Several policies and schemes have been introduced by the Department of Literacy and School Education for the improvement of basic education system in India. Some of these include:

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Mahila Samakhya Scheme
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
  • Mahila Samakhya Scheme
  • Scheme for mid-day meal
  • Education for teachers
  • Indicators for MDM and SSA
  • Adult education Programs
  • Mission for national literacy

The Department of Higher Education of the Ministry of Human Resource Development focuses on broadening the scope of such education system. Some of the central legislations that influence the courses of higher education in India are:
  • All India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987
  • The Apprentices Act, 1961
  • The University Grants Commission Act, 1956
  • The National Council for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004
  • The Copyright Act, 1957


Last Updated on 1st Oct 2012