Ministry of Women and Child Development

Ministry of Women and Child Development is one of the most important departments of the Government of India. The ministry was initially established in the year of 1985 as an integral part of the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The main aim, with which this department was set up, was the complete and extensive development of women and children. On 30th January, 2006, this department was upgraded to the status of a ministry and was called the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Several plans, policies and guidelines have been laid down by the ministry to upgrade the status of women and children in the country. There are many awareness programs, child welfare and support facilities as well as developmental activities that have been undertaken by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in India. Both Government and non-Government organizations are involved in these developmental works.

Special programs for children are also planned by this ministry. Integrated Child Development Services is an active movement that has helped in the physical as well as psychological growth and development of children in the country. Primary education has been made mandatory for all children. The girl child has been given great importance and special programs have been launched to protect the girl child. Commissions have also been set up for safeguarding Child Rights and to protect women against Domestic Violence.

There are several jobs that have been assigned to the Ministry. These also include implementation of various Acts and Policies. The jobs under Ministry of Women and Child Development include:
  1. Pre-primary education as well as care of pre-school children
  2. Family welfare
  3. Welfare of Families and Children in coordination with other ministries and other organizations related to the subject
  4. To resist trafficking of women and children as per norms of United Nations Organization
  5. To take good care of nutrition and implement the various Nutritional policies
  6. To promote and encourage voluntary efforts in all matters that are directly related to this particular ministry
  7. To provide a probation period for juvenile offenders
  8. To try and maintain gender equity and to fight for women empowerment
  9. To handle issues related to adoption and child care, Child Help Line and Central Adoption Resource Agency
  10. To take care of research programs, project planning, training and evaluation regarding various developmental programs that are undertaken for women and children
There are several Acts that are implemented by this particular ministry. These Acts include the following:
  1. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
  2. The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
  3. The Child Marriage - Restraint Act, 1929
  4. The Children Act, 1960
  5. The Indecent Representation of Women (Prevention) Act, 1986
  6. Immoral Traffic in Women and Girl Act, 1956
  7. Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and Infant Food (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act, 1992
  8. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000
The establishment of several Boards and Commissions has also helped a lot in the process of achieving the target that the Ministry has set up. Some of them are as follows:
  1. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  2. Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK)
  3. Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB)
  4. Food and Nutrition Board (FNB)
  5. National Commission for Women.
  6. Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE)
  7. National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development (NIPCCD)

The Ministry of Women and Children in India is headed by Smt. Renuka Chowdhury. Mr Anil Kumar is designated as the secretary of the department. There are several bureaus under this ministry. The bureaus and bureau heads are as follows:
  1. Child Prostitution and Gender Budgeting- Smt. Manjula Krishnan, EA
  2. Child Development- Dr. (Smt.) Kiran Chadha, JS (KC)
  3. Statistical Unit- Smt. S. Jeyalakshmi, SA
  4. Financial Adviser- Shri S.K. Ray, FA
  5. Women Welfare and Development- Ms. P. Bolina, JS (PB)
  6. Child Welfare- Dr. (Smt.) Loveleen Kacker, JS (LK)

Last Updated on 1st Oct 2012