Duties & powers of the President of India


There are some fixed Duties & powers of the President of India which he has to execute for the welfare of the country. These duties & powers are conferred upon the President to preserve, protect and defend the Indian Constitution.

The Indian President has to appoint the Prime Minister of India. The President also appoints the Council of Ministers and with the Prime Minister’s advice he/she distributes the portfolios to the Council of Ministers. The President is also accountable to make a wide range of appointments.

The President of India has Executive, Judicial and Legislative powers. Some of the Executive powers of the Indian President are:
  • The Indian President can award a person or decrease the verdict of an offended person, chiefly in cases concerning punishment of death.
  • The president can assign governors of States, Attorney General, Chief Justice, Chief Election Commissioner, Ambassadors and High Commissioners to other countries
  • The President is also the chief of the Indian Armed Forces

The India President is capable with legislative powers such as:
  • He/ She commands both the Houses of the Parliament and also can postpone the same
  • A bill passed by the parliament becomes a law only when it is passed by the President
  • The President can dissolve the Lok Sabha
  • If it becomes necessary to have a law then the President can promote ordinances when the parliament is not in session.

The President of India has Executive, Judicial and Legislative powers. Some of the Executive powers of the Indian President are:
  • State Emergency: It is declared when there is failure of constitutional machinery in the state
  • National Emergency: It can be declared at the time of war, armed rebellion or external aggression
  • Financial Emergency: It can be declared if the Indian President gets the belief that the financial stability of the country is threatened.
Last Updated on 1st Oct 2012