It is a place of tremendous archaeological significance and a very ancient city which lies about 87 km from Ahmedabad. During the Harappan era, there was a full-fledged settlement in Lothal which dates back to the 2nd millennium BC. One will get an opportunity to witness the world's oldest urban cultures or Harappan culture in its fullest form. Lothal lies under the revenue jurisdiction of Sarajwala Village in Dholka Taluka of Ahmedabad District in Gujarat state.
In the long past the people of Harappa were attracted towards Lothal because the place had a sheltered harbor and it was a rich cotton-and rice-growing land. The ancient city of Lothal was excavated between 1955 and 1962. Apart from the excavation site of Lothal, the place consists of a museum which displays all the archaeological findings. The museums in Lothal are open between 10 am to 5 pm, from Saturday to Thursdays.
It is one of the important historical sites in Gujarat. Located in Ahmedabad, Hriday Kunj was the residence of the great leader of Indian national movement Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. It is said that this great leader initiated his practical experiments of the important non-violent Satyagraha and freedom struggle for the country from Hriday Kunj of Gujarat.
From this residence, He began his well-known salt Satyagraha in 1930. He stayed in Hriday Kunj from 1918 to 1930. Hriday Kunj still makes handicrafts, handmade paper and spinning wheels. Adjacent to the residence, there is a central library, a vast prayer ground, a museum and a 'Sight-and-sound' show organized for visitors and tourists.
The place is well-known for its Torans and Hatkeshwar Temple. Torans are a pair of 12th century columns which support an arch about 40 ft tall built in red and yellow sandstone. They stand grandly on the bank of Sharmistha Talav and are among the few surviving examples of entrance gates, which were once a regular feature in the architecture of Gujarat during the Solanki period. The architecture is embellished with battle and hunting scenes carvings. The Hatkeshwar temple is a 17th Century carved temple and houses a Shiva Linga which is said to be have self-emerged.
The temple is surrounded by a high wall topped by three circular domes combine with flat stretches in Indo-Saracenic tradition. From the roof a huge Shikhar soars high into the sky. The temple exterior is gracefully ornamented with figures of musicians, the nine planets, regent deities, scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata, etc. The temple premises also have an ancient Kashivishveshvara Shiva temple, a Swaminarayan temple and two Jain temples.
The temple is considered as a national monument and happens to be the birthplace of the great Mahatma Gandhi. The place also has some religious importance, as it also considered as the birthplace of Sudama, the legendary character who was supposed to be the best friend of Lord Krishna.
The Dholavira site is an ancient metropolitan city in Gujarat and has also been voted as one of the Seven Wonders of India. Located in Kutch, the site was an Indus Valley settlement known for its sophisticated urban planning and architecture dating back to 2900 BC. All the buildings are almost entirely built out of brick and the site has sophisticated water conservation systems, possibly the oldest in the world.
These two places are promoted as World Heritage Sites with developments on the move to popularize it as a modern tourism destination. Pavagadh is a UNESCO world heritage site and displays 1,200 years of history and culture. It is said to bear testimony to the Indian Puranic ages, Rajput saga, reign of Marathas, Islamic influences and the British occupation within its remains.
Last Updated on : June 11, 2013