Haryana is the 16th largest state in India. This state has a very fertile land and is called the Green Land of India. The state is bordered by Uttar Pradesh in east, Punjab in west, Himachal Pradesh in north and Rajasthan in south. Union Territory of Delhi is landlocked on 3 sides by Haryana.
Haryana can be divided into two natural areas; sub-Himalayan Terai and Indo-Gangetic plain. The plain is fertile and slopes from north to south with a height above sea level, averaging between 700 and 900 ft. South-west of Haryana is dry, sandy and barren. Haryana has no perennial river.
Haryana has a single-chamber legislature with 90 seats. The state sends 15 members to the Indian national parliament: five to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) and ten to the Lok Sabha (Lower House). Local government is based on 16 districts. Chandigarh is the shared capital of Haryana and Punjab.
Location of Haryana
Geographically located at 30.73° N and 76.78° E, the state of Haryana lies in the northern part of the country of India. Being included in India's National Capital Region, the state is bordered by Himachal Pradesh and Punjab towards its north, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand towards its east and Rajasthan towards its south and west.Read More ...
Below is a table representing important facts about Haryana
The capital city of Haryana is Chandigarh, which is even the capital of the state of Punjab.
Largest city of Haryana
The largest city of Haryana is Faridabad.
Total covering area of Haryana
The state of Haryana is stretched over an area of 44, 212 sq. km.
Latest population of Haryana
The total population of this state, as per the report published after Census 2011, is 25, 353, 081 with a population density of 573.4 per sq. km.
Literacy rate of Haryana
This north Indian state has got a literacy rate of 71.4 %.
Official languages of Haryana
The official languages of this industrial hub of India are Haryanavi, Punjabi and English.
History of Haryana
The region now known as Haryana--the Madhyama Dis (middle region) of the Later Vedic Period (c. 800-500 BC)--was the birthplace of the Hindu religion. It was in this area that the first hymns of the so-called Aryans were sung and the most ancient manuscripts were written. Urban settlements in Ghaggar Valley date from before 3000 BC. From about 1500 BC, Aryan tribes became the first of many groups to invade the region. The area was the home of the legendary Bharata dynasty, which gave India its Hindi name, Bharat. The epic battle between the Kauravas and Pandavas, recorded in the Indian epic poem, the Mahabharata, took place at Kurukshetra. In the 3rd century BC, the area was incorporated into the Mauryan Empire. It later became an important power base for the Mughals; the battle of Panipat in 1526 established Mughal rule in India.
Climatic condition of Haryana
The location of the state in the northern plains of India makes the place very hot during summer and too cold during winter. However, the different climatic conditions of this state of northern India experiences three distinctive seasons. The months of May and June are the hottest months where temperature rises up to 50° C whereas the months of December and January are the coldest months of the year where the temperature can go down to as low as 1° C. The rainy season in Haryana sets in during the month of July and continues till September. 80 % of the total rainfall occurs during this period, which even causes flood at times.
Best time to visit this state of north India?
Though this north Indian state of Haryana can be visited throughout the year, but the period in between the months of October and March is the best time to visit the place.
Economy and Infrastructure
Most of the land in Haryana is suitable for agriculture and 60 percent is irrigated. More than three-fourths of the population is employed in agriculture. The state is a major producer of wheat and rice. Other important crops include oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, potatoes, pulses (edible seeds gathered from pea and bean crops), barley, millet, and maize. Production has been stimulated by Haryana's closeness to the markets of New Delhi and (Old) Delhi, good road and rail links, and the use of fertilizers and improved seeds. Haryana is renowned for its prizewinning steers and dairy cattle. The state has an extensive rail system. Delhi, on Haryana's eastern boundary, serves as the main air traffic hub.
Society and Culture
Hindus constitute about 90 percent of Haryana's population. Most of the state's Sikh population is located in the northeast and northwest; Muslims are concentrated in the southeastern districts adjoining Delhi. Jats (a peasant caste) form the backbone of Haryana's agricultural economy. Although roughly 75 percent of the population is rural, cities have been growing rapidly as commercial, industrial, and agricultural marketing centers.Read More ...
What is Haryana famous for?
This state of north India is historically known for being a part of the famous Kuru region of the country as well as the cradle to the Indus Valley Civilization. However, presently, the place is a major hub of automobile and I. T. (Information Technology) industries of India. It is the nation's leading manufacturer of tractors, passenger cars and two-wheelers. Besides that, the state leads other states in terms of milk and food grain production in India.
Are there any tourist attractions in Haryana, India?
The state of Haryana has got a network of forty four tourist complexes to promote tourism. Some of the most visited tourist places in Haryana are as follows:
- Badhkal Lake
- Dumdama Lake
- Magpie Surajkund
- Morni Hills
- Prithaviraj Ki Kutchery
- Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
- Tilyar Lake
- Yadavindra Gardens
The state of Haryana, being one of the major industrial hubs of the country is quite well connected to the neighboring states as well as other parts of India by air, road and railways.
- By airways: The state is connected to Delhi, Leh, Jammu and Shrinagar through the flights plied by Indian Airlines to and from the Chandigarh Airport, which is the nearest airport to the state. Besides that, there are public aerodromes located at Bhiwani, Hissar, Karnal, Narnaul and Pinjore, which even serve the state. Vayudoot Services links Haryana to Delhi, Gaggad and Kulu via Chandigarh.
- By railways: Chandigarh Railway Station, which is Northern Railway's terminus, connects the state to Bombay, Kalka, Delhi and several other main cities of India. Other linking railway stations are situated at Ambala, Hissar, Jakhal, Jind, Kalka, Kurukshetra, Panipat and Rohtak.
- By roadways: Roads stretching over about 34, 772 kms, the state is connected both internally and externally through roads. Apart from that proximity to the national capital of Delhi helps the state easily connect to the other parts of the country through a number of State as well as National Highways.
Increasing as an important tourist center Hotels in Haryana are mushrooming all over the state. Known for their traditional hospitality and exquisite cuisine the hotels in Haryana are the apt place to make your stay memorable.
Last Updated on : 4/06/2013