At the later stage of the 1100's, a Mongol chieftain Temujin rose to power as Khan. Temujin later became famous by the name of Genghis Khan. It is said by historians and texts that Genghis Khan was shrewd, ruthless, ambitious, and a strict disciplinarian. Once he became the undisputed master of Mongolia, he set out for his great conquest which even today is talked about. He trained an excellent military army and had plans to conquer China. Initially he started with attacking Xi Xia, which is situated along the northwestern border of China. Xi Xia was subdued by the Mongols and they turned to North China. It took several decades for the Mongols to conquer the Northern China, so much so that the North China wasn't conquered until Genghis Khan's death.
Genghis Khan turned west toward central Asia and Eastern Europe in 1218 after he called off the North china conquest. While conquering several parts and travelling along the route the Mongols spread terror and destruction. It was in 1227 that Genghis Khan died.
Ogotai, son of Genghis Khan was placed at the Europe throne. Ogotai died in the midst of some campaign to save the western European civilization. The Mongol generals returned to Mongolia after his death to elect a new Khan.
Later in 1279, the conquest of China was completed by a grandson of Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan. His dynasty lasted until 1368. Though he further attempted to conquer Japan and expand his empire but was unsuccessful. He even allowed and entertained various religions in his rule.
Since others were handling their empire, the government became corrupt and administration became incompetent which resulted in revolts and protests within the empire and lack of ruling capabilities led to the fall of the biggest land empire in the history.
Last Updated on : 5/29/2012