Information about India

India since times immemorial has been a subject of inquisitiveness of millions across the globe. Let's have a look at some of the important India Information presented below.

Things to Know about Geography of India



  • India happens to be the seventh largest country in the world occupying an area of 32,87,590 sq km
  • India is four times the size of Pakistan, 12 times the size of UK and 8 times the size of Japan.
  • The mainland of India stretches from longitudes 68 degree 7' and 97 degree 25' east and latitudes 8 degree 4' and 37 degree 6' north.
  • India shares its borders with; Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, Myanmar Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh.
  • India lies entirely in the northern and eastern hemispheres.
  • India witnesses Tropical monsoon type climatic conditions
  • In case of plant diversity India holds the tenth position in the world and the fourth place in Asia
  • India's variety of fauna crosses almost 89,451 species.
  • Ganga is the longest river in India
  • Chilka is the largest lake in India
  • The Telephone Country Code of India is +91
  • India's coastline includes Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep Islands and the mainland 7,516.6 km
  • The first Special Economic Zone was established in Kandla in Gujarat in the year 1965

Things to Know about History of India

  • India is the largest and oldest civilization in the world
  • India holds the record of not invading any other country in the last 10000 years of her history.
  • India is the largest democracy in the world.
  • Varanasi is believed to be the oldest city in the world that is inhabited till today.
  • The Number System was invented in India.
  • The first university in the world was established in Takshashila, India in the year 700BC.
  • Sanskrit is known as the mother of all European languages.
  • The Vedas was written in 1400 BC
  • The Upanishads, was written between 800-600 BC
  • Buddhism was born in India in 500 BC
  • The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama
  • Jainism was founded in India in 500 BC by Mahavira
  • In the year 1526 the Mughal Empire was established by Babur in India
  • The Taj Mahal was built in the year 1628 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
  • The Indian National Congress was formed in the year 1885
  • The Amritsar Massacre took place on 13 April 1919
  • Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948
  • In the year 1940 Muhammad Ali Jinnah proposed the demand for a separate country for Muslims, which would be called Pakistan
  • Ayurveda which is the earliest school of medicine in the world was born in India 2500 years ago.
  • India was a very rich country till the British invasion.
  • Chess was invented in India.
  • The four major religions of the world today Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism were all born in India

Scientific and Technical Development of India



  • India is among the only three countries in the world that manufacture supercomputers, the other two are US and Japan
  • India happens to be one of the six satellite launching countries.
  • The decimal and place value system were developed in India in 100 BC.
  • The famous Pythagorean Theorem was discovered in India in the 6th century by Budhayana, much before the European mathematicians.
  • India is home to the second largest pool of software developers only after the U.S.

Some other striking Facts about India


  • India happens to be the largest English speaking country in the world.
  • India is home to the second largest pool of Engineers and Scientists in the World.
  • The Bombay stock exchange is one of the biggest in the world. It includes more than 6,600 companies.
  • The pharmaceutical industry in India is the second largest in the world, after China.
  • India is the largest producer of milk in the world
  • India is among the top five producers of tea, silk, spices, sugar, cotton, rubber, coffee and fish.
  • The Indian railway system, happens to be the largest employer in the world, it provides employment to more than a million people
  • The most number of post offices in the world are found in India
  • India is the 11th largest economy in the world in terms of GDP
  • 700 million people in India use mobile phones
  • The Agriculture sector accounts for 25 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • Almost 70 per cent of the total population of the country is dependent on agriculture.
  • India is the largest producer of banana in the world.
  • India happens to be the largest exporter, producer, processor and consumer of cashew nuts in the world.
  • India is responsible for 10 per cent of the total fruit production in the world
  • Coal is a major source of energy in India it caters to almost 67 per cent of the country's commercial requirement.
  • RBI is the only authority in India that can issue currency notes
  • Orissa is one of the major producers of Graphite in India
  • The country's largest news agency is Press Trust of India (PTI)
  • India is home to 184 ports out of which 12 are very important.
Last Updated on 10/04/2011


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