Talking about the geography of Jharkhand, it can be said that Jharkhand occupies a forest track in the Santhal Parganas and the Chhotanagpur plateau. Jharkhand is a mountain region which is covered with a dense growth of forests. An estimate of the geography of Jharkhand is as follows:
- Area - 79,714 square kilometers.
- Area of Cultivable land - 38 lakh hectares
- Net Sown Area - 18.04 lakh hectares.
- Total area under plantation and horticulture - 2.57 lakh hectares.
- Capital - Ranchi.
- Districts - 18
Talking about the history of Jharkhand, it can be said that the Jharkhand history started after the partition of Bihar and Jharkhand. On 15th November, 2000, the territory of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar: the southern part of Bihar was given a separate entity and named Jharkhand, which literally means 'the territory of forests'. After the independence of India, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha initiated a movement for the creation of a separate state. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha launched a regular agitation during the post-Independence period and forced the government to create an autonomous body known as the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995. It is this autonomous body that finally led to the formation of a separate state.
Last Updated on : 1 July 2013