Forests in Jharkhand

Forests in Jharkhand offers a rich biodiversity. In Jharkhand, forests form an integral part of the socio-economic set-up and largely contribute towards the economy of the state.

Forests in Jharkhand spreads over an area of 23605 square kilometers, which constitutes about 29.61% of the total area of Jharkhand. Moreover, out of the 23605 square kilometers of forests, 82% of area falls under the protected forests, whereas 17.5% of the land falls under reserve forests.

Some of the important forests and national parks of Jharkhand are:
  • Betla National Park
  • Hazaribagh Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Dalma Wild Life Sanctuary
  • LAWALONG Wild life Sanctuary
  • UDWA Bird Sanctuary
  • Saranda - The Sal Forest
  • MAHUADAR Wild Life Sanctuary
  • Koderma Sanctuary
  • Crocodile Breeding Centre - Muta
  • vTopchanchi Sanctuary
It is noteworthy that Jharkhand contains two major types of forests, namely,
  • Tropical Zone Dry Forests, and
  • Tropical Zone Wet Forests.
The forests at Jharkhand are home to the rich biodiversity within the territory of Jharkhand. Some of the major animals found in the forests of Jharkhand are:

  • Jackal
  • Tiger
  • Elephant
  • Sambhar
  • Fox
  • Wild boar
  • Python
  • Blue bull
  • Rabbit
  • Honey badger
  • Squirrel
  • Mongoose
  • Malabar giant, etc.
Furthermore, the flora of the forests at Jharkhand also contributes towards the enhancement of the tourism industry at Jharkhand. Among the important trees in Jharkhand are sal, bamboo, mango, jackfruit, kendu, katha, gambhar, jamun, harhe, mahua, shisham, sagwan, baheda, etc.

It is noteworthy in this context that the forests in Jharkhand fall under the Ministry of Forest and Environment. In fact, the Ministry of Forest and Environment in Jharkhand takes care of the Jharkhand forests. The Department of environment and forests at Jharkhand basically deal with the following:
  • Conservation of Forest
  • Control of Forest Development and Corporation
  • Conservation of Wild Animals and Birds
  • Protection of the Environment
  • Conservation of Environment
  • Formulation of Rules and Planning of Human Habitation in Jharkhand
  • Environment Research and Education
  • Biological Parks Management, etc.


Last Updated on : 1 July 2013