Bihar travel and tourism features a large number of tourist destinations spread in various parts of the state. It is located in northern India along the eastern Gangetic Plains. Bihar has a significant place in the cultural history of India for being the birthplace of Buddhism and Jainism. Tourists can encounter some of the finest Mughal and Hindu architectural expertise in this place.
The state draws its name from 'vihara', meaning Buddhist monastery since the place in the past was a major learning centre of Buddhism.
The antiquity of Bihar dates back to some 6the century BC. This is where Bhagwan Mahavira was born in Vaishali and Lord Buddha attained 'enlightenment' under the Bodhi Tree at Bodhgaya . Since then the land has seen the rise and fall of dynasties like - the Guptas, the Palas and the subsequent Muslim rule.
The sacred river of the Ganges flows through the state splitting it into two parts. This has rendered the land fertile and plentiful. Bihar is also rich in minerals underground contributing significantly to the national wealth creation.
Bihar is better known as a pilgrimage destination. A number of Buddhist destinations result in a trail of pilgrimages who travel to Bihar in lure of the old ruins and ancient religious scripts. A lot of people travel to Bihar because of the holy sites of the Jains and the Hindus.
|Location||Eastern part of India|
Nepal at the north
West Bengal in the east
Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in the west by
Orissa in the south
|Latitude||21°58' to 27°31' North|
|Longitude||82°19' to 88°17' Eastt|
|Area||94,164 Sq km|
|Climate||Cold in the winter|
Hot in the summer
|Max Temperature||40-450 C|
|Min Temperature||5-100 C|
|Average Annual Rainfall||1,205 mm|
|Languages||Hindi, Angika, Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili|
|Religion||Hinduism, Islam, Others|
|Best Time to Visit||October to March|
|Clothing||Summer - Light Cottons|
Winter - Heavy Woolens
Best time to visit
The ideal time for traveling in Bihar is between October and March when the weather remains salubrious.
How to Reach Bihar
Conveniently located in the eastern part of India, Bihar is a land-locked state, which has facilitated the communication to Bihar from any part of India. Bihar is well connected to the rest of India with a network of air, road and rail.
How to Reach Bihar is here to help you find ways to reach the city of Bihar.
Bihar has an airport in its capital city Patna, which is connected by air with Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow, Kolkata. Katmandu, the capital of Nepal also has regular flight connection to Patna.
Major airlines of India, namely: Indian Airlines, Spice Jet, Jet Airways, IndoGo Airlines and other carriers operate regular flights to and from Patna.
A large number of major and minor places within the state are networked by train services of Indian Railways. Even the state is serviced by important super fast trains like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express.
An extensive network of National Highways Numbers: 2, 23, 28, 30, 31 and 33 and state highways, running through the state, connect it with important cities all over India. Internal road network within the state connects Patna to Vaishali (55 km), Nalanda (90 km), Bodh Gaya (110 km) and other tourist destinations. Bihar State Tourist development Corporation (BSTDC) takes care of the commuting requirements of the tourists traveling to and from the state of Bihar.
Shopping in Bihar
Shopping in Bihar also can turn out a delightful experience for a discerning shopper if you know what to buy and where.
Handicrafts of Bihar
Madhubani School of painting is rich tradition in Bihar, is extremely famous handicraft of Bihar. Bihari women generally carry over this school of folk painting from generation to generation. It illustrates mythological themes, incorporating images of local deities as well as Hindu gods and goddesses.
Popular shopping items of Bihar
While shopping in Bihar, you will get get of the following in wide varieties.
- Stone and bead-jewellery
- Hand-painted wall hangings
- Miniatures in paper and leaves
- Applique work on fabric
- Stone pottery
- Bamboo and cane work
- Wooden stools
- Leather goods
- "Tilcoot" - a kind of sweet
- Prestshila Hills
- Maner Sharif
- Valmiki Nagar
- Tar Ramayan