Delhi covers an area of more than 1484 sq km. The River Yamuna is the only major river flowing through Delhi. The Delhi ridge which reaches a height of 1043 ft originates from the Aravalli Range in the south and surrounds the West, North East and North West parts of the city. Delhi is lies in India's seismic zone-IV, which makes it vulnerable to earthquakes. The city is situated in Northern India at 28.61°N 77.23°E and is bordered in the East by Uttar Pradesh and in the West, South and North by Haryana. More Details...
According to the census of 2011, the population of Delhi is 16,314,838 and the number of females per 1000 males is 867. The literacy rate of Delhi is 86.43%. As per the area, Delhi is the largest metropolis and according to the population, it holds the second position in the list of largest metropolises in India.
Government & Administration
Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). It has always been an important cultural, commercial and political hub of the country. Currently Delhi has 9 districts. Delhi is divided into the New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC), the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) and the Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB). The capital has four important satellite cities namely, Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad and Faridabad. Delhi has 7 Lok Sabha constituencies and 70 assembly constituencies. The Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Parliament of India and the Supreme Court of India are all situated in Delhi.
The National Capital Territory of Delhi is divided into nine districts. Initially in 1997, nine districts were formed. Prior 1997, there was only one district for the entire Delhi. The districts of Delhi and their headquarters (in brackets) are - Central Delhi (Daryaganj), North Delhi (Sadar Bazar), South Delhi (Saket), East Delhi (Preet Vihar), North East Delhi (Shahdara), South West Delhi (Vasant Vihar), New Delhi (Connaught Place), North West Delhi (Kanjhawala) and West Delhi (Rajouri Garden). More Details...
Delhi has its own Indira Gandhi International Airport, which is situated to the southwest of Delhi. It is maintained by the GMR Group and is one of the busiest airports in South Asia. Delhi is the headquarters of the Northern Railway in India. There are five main railway stations in Delhi; they are the New Delhi railway station, Old Delhi railway station, Nizamuddin Railway Station, Anand Vihar Railway Terminal and Sarai Rohilla railway station. There is also a suburban railway system in the city.
Delhi has five National Highways running through it, the National Highway Number 1, 2, 8, 10 and 24. All public transport vehicles in Delhi are fuelled by compressed natural gas (CNG). The state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the major bus service provider and operates the world's largest fleet of CNG-fuelled buses. Apart from these taxis, radio cabs, auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws (in some localities) are easily available in Delhi
The Delhi Metro rapid transit system built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), is another means of transportation in Delhi. It serves many parts of Delhi and the neighbouring NCR cities like Gurgaon, Noida and Ghaziabad.
Delhi bears the stamp of a rich historical background and has been home to many ancient empires like the Mauryan Empire, Mughal Empire and renowned dynasties like the Tomara dynasty, Slave dynasty, Tughluq dynasty, Khilji dynasty etc. It is believed that Delhi is the land of Indrapastha, the capital seat of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata. Delhi was also an important place for Sufism. After India's independence, Delhi was declared the capital of India. More Details...
Delhi has a rich cultural background. It consists of large number of significant monuments, heritage buildings and other famous architectural buildings like the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Jantar Mantar, Laxminarayan Temple and Akshardham to name some. These are also the major tourist spots in Delhi that you can visit and enjoy. All the major events like the Republic Day, Independence Day etc and festivals of all religion are celebrated in Delhi with great zeal and excitement. In Delhi, one can enjoy all types of Indian and international cuisines and delicacies besides the typical mouth watering local fast food collection like Dahi Bhalla and Papri Chaat. Delhi offers a wide variety to shop till you drop. From jewelry, to saris to all sorts of electrical gadgets to all other different variety of products, Delhi has it all. More Details...
Places to Visit
Lajpat Nagar Central Market is another popular shopping center in the posh area of South Delhi. Here one can get everything from clothes, accessories, footwear, bags, fabrics, electronics, jewellery etc. The market is famous for wedding clothes for both men and women such as Saris, Lehengas, Suits, Sherwani, Indo-Western Suits, etc. There are lots of fashion stores, furnishing stores and decor houses in Lajpat Nagar too....Read More
Sarojini Nagar Market is the best place for bargain shoppers in Delhi. It is popular known amongst the youth as "SN" and is a favorite hangout place for college goers and shoppers looking for a fashionable bargain. It is located in a plush South West Delhi locality and what puzzles first time shoppers here is how one can get a variety of items at heavy negotiable prices....Read More
Chandni Chowk is undoubtedly the most famous marketplace of Delhi for many years. It has itself become a major attraction. Chandni Chowk once also had the stature of being the grandest markets in India. Nowadays the market has changed a little keeping up with modern times and it appears to be suffocated with crowds and traffic congestion, but the aura of the place has never failed to loose its historical character.Read More
Last Updated on: 10/05/2013