The introduction of the metro rail service in Delhi has changed the face of transportation in the national capital territory of India. The metro has been specifically designed keeping in mind the comforts of the passengers and the traffic on the road. The metro rail service in Delhi has been appreciated all over the world. The metro railway network has covered almost the entire city and with continuous endeavours towards expansion, most of the neighbouring areas and suburbs will also be covered by the metro railway by the end of 2021.
Although the Delhi Metro is not the first metro railway in India, it can be said to be the first of its kind in the country. Constructed with utmost architectural brilliance and state-of-the-art facilities, the Delhi Metro is very different from the other metro rails in the world. Apart from being technologically sound, the major aspect that has been given prime importance within the Delhi Metro is security.
The Delhi Metro is being constructed in phases. Most of the routes under Phase I were completed before 2010. The second phase, known as Phase II, covered 85 stations. It was also successfully completed by the end of 2010. The other projects in the pipeline are Phase III and IV, which are expected to be ready by the end of 2016 and 2021 respectively.
The Delhi Metro stations have small kiosks that provide food and beverages to the commuters. Some stations like Rajiv Chowk, Kashmere Gate, etc., have popular food outlets like McDonald’s, Nirula's, Cafe Coffee Day, etc. IRCTC has also opened a set of food kiosks that serve passengers with snacks and delicacies at reasonable rates. The kiosks (Food Tracks) offer light snacks and mini meals.
In the 2013-14 fiscal year, DMRC was granted Rs. 2484.18 crore as the budgetary support and Rs. 650 crore as part of equity investment.
To provide better services to its commuters, the Delhi Metro has taken certain initiatives. These are listed below:
- Introduction of six- and eight-coach trains on several routes.
- Besides the existing eight-coach trains plying between Jahangirpuri and HUDA City Centre, new such trains would be made operational. This has been particularly done because during the rush hours in the morning, the Rajiv Chowk metro station gets two out of three trains having eight coaches.
- Additional trips on the route between Kashmere Gate and Gurgaon between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m. have been introduced. Similarly, additional trains have been introduced on the Janakpuri West to Vaishali route and the Noida City Centre to Dwarka Sec-21 route, respectively.
Delhi Metro Route
Line 1: Dilshad Garden - Rithala (Red Line)
The distance between Dilshad Garden and Rithala is 25.15 km. There are 21 stations on this route. The metro trains run on an average frequency of four minutes. The fare for travelling on this line ranges from Rs. 8 to Rs. 23.
Stations Covered in Line 1:
Dilshad Garden - Jhilmil - Mansarovar Park - Shahdara - Welcome - Seelampur - Shastri Park - Kashmere Gate - Tis Hazari - Pul Bangash - Pratap Nagar - Shastri Nagar - Inderlok - Kanhaiya Nagar - Keshav Puram - Netaji Subhash Place - Kohat Enclave - Pitampura - Rohini East - Rohini West - Rithala
Line - 1 was made operational in four stages:
- 25 December 2002: Shahdara - Tis Hazari
- 4 October 2003: Tis Hazari - Inderlok
- 1 April 2004: Inderlok - Rithala
- 3 June 2008: Dilshad Garden - Shahdara
Line 2: Jahangirpuri, Delhi - HUDA City Centre, Gurgaon (Yellow Line)
Line 2 operating between Jahangirpuri - HUDA City Centre covers a distance of 44.36 km. There are 34 stations on this route. The trains available on this line are generally available on an average frequency of three minutes during peak hours. The cost of travelling on this route usually ranges from Rs. 8 to Rs. 19.
Stations Covered in Line 2:
Jahangirpuri - Adarsh Nagar - Azadpur - Model Town - GTB Nagar - Vishwa Vidyalaya - Vidhan Sabha - Civil Lines - Kashmere Gate - Chandni Chowk - Chawri Bazar - New Delhi - Rajiv Chowk - Patel Chowk - Central Secretariat - Udyog Bhawan - Race Course - Jor Bagh - INA - AIIMS - Green Park - Hauz Khas - Malviya Nagar - Saket - Qutub Minar - Chhatarpur - Sultanpur - Ghitorni - Arjan Garh - Guru Dronacharya - Sikandarpur - MG Road - IFFCO Chowk - HUDA City Centre
Line - 2 was made operational in five stages:
- 20 December 2004: Vishwavidyalaya- Kashmere Gate
- 3 July 2005: Kashmere Gate - Central Secretariat
- 3 February 2009: Vishwavidyalaya- Jahangirpuri
- 21 June 2010: Qutab Minar - HUDA City Centre
- 3 September 2010: Central Secretariat - Qutab Minar
Line 3: Noida City Centre - Dwarka Sector 21 (Blue Line)
Operating across 44 stations is Line 3. The distance covered under this route is 50.56 km. The total time taken to cover all the 44 stations is about 90 minutes. The fare for travelling on this route ranges from Rs. 8 to Rs. 30.
Originally, the Blue line of the Delhi Metro was from Indraprastha to Dwarka. On 12 November 2009, the line was extended from Yamuna Bank to Noida City Centre, with a total length of 13.1 km.
Stations Covered in Line 3
Noida City Centre - Noida Golf Course - Botanical Garden - Noida Sector 18 - Noida Sector 16 - Noida Sector 15 - New Ashok Nagar - Mayur Vihar Extension - Mayur Vihar I - Akshardham - Yamuna Bank - Indraprastha - Pragati Maidan - Mandi House - Barakhamba - Rajiv Chowk - Ramakrishna Ashram Marg - Jhandewalan - Karol Bagh - Rajendra Place - Patel Nagar - Shadipur - Kirti Nagar - Moti Nagar - Ramesh Nagar - Rajouri Garden - Tagore Garden - Subhash Nagar - Tilak Nagar - Janakpuri East - Janakpuri West - Uttam Nagar East - Uttam Nagar West - Nawada - Dwarka Mor - Dwarka - Dwarka Sector 14 - Dwarka Sector 13 - Dwarka Sector 12 - Dwarka Sector 11 - Dwarka Sector 10 - Dwarka Sector 9 - Dwarka Sector 8 - Dwarka Sector 21
Line - 3 was made operational in six stages:
- 31 December 2005: Barakhamba - Dwarka
- 1 April 2006: Dwarka - Dwarka Sector 9
- 11 November 2006: Barakhamba - Indraprastha
- 10 May 2009: Indraprastha - Yamuna Bank
- 13 November 2009: Yamuna Bank - Noida City Centre
- 30 October 2010: Dwarka sector 9 - Dwarka Sector 21
Line 4: Yamuna Bank - Vaishali (Blue Line) (Branch Line)
Completed in January 2010, Line 4 operates across eight stations. The distance covered under this route is 6.25 km. The cost of travelling on this route ranges between Rs. 8 to Rs.15. A small extension of 2.57 km was made in July 2011 connecting the Anand Vihar metro station of the Blue Line branch with the Vaishali metro station in Ghaziabad, two stations, i.e., Anand Vihar and Vaishali in Ghaziabad. The Anand Vihar ISBT – Vaishali route was opened for public on 27 January 2010.
Stations Covered in Line 4
Yamuna Bank - Laxmi Nagar - Nirman Vihar - Preet Vihar - Karkardooma - Anand Vihar - Kaushambi – Vaishali
Line 5: Inderlok - Mundka (Green Line)
This is the most recently added line to the Delhi Metro network. It also happens to be the second line that offers the standard-gauge corridor after Line 4. The total distance covered by this route is approximately 13.7 km. Line 5 covers 14 stations and fare for travelling on this route ranges from Rs. 8 to Rs. 18. The line was made operational from 2 April 2010. The Kirti Nagar- Ashok Park main route got opened on 27 August 2011.
Stations Covered in Line 5
Interlok - Ashok Park Main - Punjabi Bagh - Shivaji Park - Madipur - Paschim Vihar East - Paschim Vihar West - Peeragarhi - Udyog Nagar - Surajmal Stadium - Nangloi - Nangloi Railway Station - Rajdhani Park - Mundka
Line 6: Badarpur – Mandi House (Violet Line)
Initially, Line 6 ran from Central Secretariat to Badarpur and began its operations in October 2010. This route covered a total distance of 20.6 km that included 16 important stations. However, in June 2014, Line 6 was extended till Mandi House, which added two more metro stations; namely, Mandi House and Janpath. Due to the extension, now the total number of metro stations on this line is 18 and the distance further covered on this stretch is 3.2 km. The minimum fare required for travelling on Line 6 is Rs. 8 and the maximum fare is Rs. 22.
Stations Covered in Line 6
Mandi House - Janpath - Central Secretariat - Khan Market - Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium - Jangpura - Lajpat Nagar - Moolchand - Kailash Colony - Nehru Place - Kalkaji Mandir - Govindpuri - Okhla - Jasola Apollo - Sarita Vihar - Mohan Estate - Tughlakabad - Badarpur
Line - 6 was made operational in three stages:
- 3 October 2010: Central Secretariat to Sarita Vihar
- 14 January 2011: Sarita Vihar to Badarpur
- 28 June 2014: Central Secretariat to Mandi House
Line 7: Airport Express – Dwarka Sector 21 (Orange Line)
The Delhi Airport Metro Express line runs from the New Delhi metro station to the Dwarka Sector 21 metro station, linking the Indira Gandhi International Airport in between. The New Delhi - IGI Airport (T-3) - Dwarka Sector-21 route was opened for public on 23 February 2011. The total length of this line is 22.7 km. The service was suspended from 7 July 2012 to 22 January 2013 due to some technical problems. It has now been reopened; however, the metro speed has been cut down to 50 km/hr.
Stations Covered in Line 7:
New Delhi Station - Shivaji Stadium - Dhaula Kuan - Delhi Aerocity - Airport - Dwarka Sector 21
The construction work for the Phase III of the Delhi Metro had started on 11 May 2013 and it has been estimated that this line will be operational by March 2016.
Two new lines and 10 route extensions have been proposed for the Phase III of the Delhi Metro. Out of these, the cabinet has given approval for two new lines and five line extensions. The total length will be 140 km and the estimated cost of the project will be Rs. 350 billion. It will have 28 underground stations that will cover a total of 41 km.
Phase III Projects:
- Janakpuri West - Botanical Garden
- Jahangirpuri - Badli
- Central Secretariat - Kashmere Gate
- Mukundpur - Shiv Vihar
- Dwarka - Najafgarh
- Badarpur - YMCA Chowk (Faridabad)
- Mundka - Bahadurgarh
Mandi House Interchange Station
The first section of the Phase III of the Delhi Metro became functional for public on 26 June 2014. It is a 3.2 km-long underground metro line connecting Mandi House (Blue line) and Central Secretariat (Yellow line); it an extension of the Violet Line with a view to decongest the Rajiv Chowk metro station. The first train on the route was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Urban Development Venkaiah Naidu. The Mandi House metro station serves as an interchange station for three metro lines: Jahangirpuri - HUDA City Centre, Central Secretariat - Badarpur and Noida - Dwarka Sector 21. The commuters of the Badarpur - Central Secretariat route bound for Noida, Vaishali as well as Dwarka can change trains at Mandi House without changing trains twice at the Central Secretariat and Rajiv Chowk metro stations. The metro trains on this route will run at a frequency of 3.25 minutes.
Trial of Phase III of the Delhi Metro
The Phase III of the Delhi Metro will make a difference of about 30 minutes in travelling between the capital and the NCR cities of Noida and Gurgaon. The commuters will save their travelling time because the number of interchanging stations has been increased to 22as compared to the existing nine interchanging hubs.
The 13 interchange stations to be added include:
- Line 7: Rajouri Garden, Netaji Subhash Place, Lajpat Nagar, INA, Azadpur, Mayur Vihar Phase I, Anand Vihar, Welcome and Karkardooma
- Line 8: Kalkaji Mandir, Hauz Khas, Janakpuri West and Botanical Garden
Phase III will reduce the distance travelled by commuters between:
- Kalkaji and Botanical Garden by 16 km
- Hauz Khas and Botanical Garden by 8 km
- Hauz Khas and Janakpuri West by 9 km
- Lajpat Nagar and Mayur Vihar Phase I by 8 km
- Dhaula Kuan and INA by 12 km
- Dhaula Kuan and Rajouri Garden by 12 km
Trial Began for Badarpur - Faridabad Line
On 12 April 2015, the trial for the Badarpur - Faridabad corridor was started by the Delhi Metro. DMRC Managing Director Mangu Singh, along with other officials, was also present when the first trial run, from Badarpur to Old Faridabad, commenced. There are currently nine stations on this route. However, by 2017, two more stations will be added. The corridor is an extension of the existing Mandi House - Badarpur line. According to metro officials, rigorous testing will be done during the trials before the line gets open for the commuters. It is expected that the line will be open for general public from June 2015 onwards.
Delhi Metro Ranked Second Among 18 Metro Systems in the World
In an online survey conducted by the global metro benchmarking groups, the Nova Group of Metros and Community of Metros (CoMET), the Delhi Metro has been ranked second in terms of overall customer satisfaction among the 18 international metro systems. As per media reports, more than 41,000 people gave their feedback for the online survey conducted worldwide through social media and online websites. According to the reports, the commuters of the Delhi Metro rated ‘crowding’ and ‘reliability’ as some of the priority areas. A spokesperson from the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) said that the survey was conducted as per the European Norm 13816 and few of the areas covered were accessibility, ease of use, availability, information prior to travel, customer care, etc.
Highest Height Achieved by Delhi Metro –Dhaula Kuan
A major feat has been achieved by the Delhi Metro as the Delhi Metro trains crossing Dhaula Kuan will operate at a height of 23.6 metre. This has surpassed the height of Karkardooma, where the metro trains operate at a height of 19 metre. For avoiding any kind of traffic disruption on the Airport line, the launching operation above it will be done from 12.30 a.m. to 4 a.m., that is, the non-operating hours. A diversion road has also being constructed to avoid any kind of inconvenience to the commuters. The viaduct is scheduled to be completed by the end of October 2014. The elevated viaducts of the Phase III surmount the two existing phases of metro corridors at four other locations besides Dhaula Kuan. The four other locations are Anand Vihar, Mayur Vihar, Netaji Subhash Place and Karkardooma.
Delhi Metro's Engineering Marvel
In an impressive development, the DMRC has achieved what can be aptly termed as a marvel of engineering. The Majlis Park-Shiv Vihar corridor, under construction as part of the Phase III project, now crosses the existing Vaishali-Dwarka line at a height of 21 metres above ground, with 10 metres of clearing. According to media reports, several such crossover lines will be constructed during this phase. Phase III is expected to complete in 2016.
DMRC launches a Smartphone Mobile Application
The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has launched a smartphone application to help users gain Delhi Metro-related information easily. The users of smartphones can receive information through GPS as the application works on both iPhones as well as Android smartphones with Internet or GPRS access. The application can also be downloaded from the official website (www.delhimetrorail.com) of DMRC.
As announced by Mangu Singh, the Managing Director of DMRC, a user will be able to get the following information using this application:
- Metro map and route details
- Nearest metro station
- Travel fares and travel time
- Metro timings
- Parking information
- Landmark and tourist places near metro stations
- Feeder bus availability and route details
- Helpline numbers
- Complaints and feedback facility
- Security helpline numbers
- Metro Museum information
The application is said to have a user-friendly interface to ensure easy navigation and has all major options on the home screen.
Delhi Metro launches Online Smart Card Recharge Facility
Last Updated on : May 16, 2015