Manipur is predominantly hilly, with nine-tenth of the land in the state having a mountain terrain. The state also has some plain area. The plains lie in a valley, surrounded by hills, in the center of the state. The hill-terrain is higher in the north of the state, gradually diminishing towards the south of the state.
The districts which lie in the valley are Imphal East, Imphal West, Thoubal and Bishnupur. These districts have a small area, but are very populous. Bishnupur district has a large population of migrants from Bihar and Orissa, apart from the ethnic tribal Meities of Manipur. The population density of the district is 341 per square kilometer. The famous Keibul Lamjo national Park falls in the district. Large areas of Manipur are under forests, especially in the north and the south. Senapati district in the north has forest cover of 80%. Other districts with a large forest cover are Ukhrul and Chandel.
Roads are a lifeline of the state as there is no rail link. The road network is most developed in the Thoubal district, with 35 kilometers of national highways and 60 kilometers of district roads. National highway 39 runs through Thoubal district connecting the state with Nagaland and the rest of the country. National Highway 53 connects Silchar in Assam with Imphal in Manipur, and ends at Tamenlong district. The sole airport in the state is at Imphal.
As per the order of the Ibobi Singh government, seven new districts are going to be added, making a total of 16 districts in the state. The new districts that are in the list to be added are Jiribam, Kamjong, Kakching, Tengnoupal, Noney, Pherzawl and Kangpokpi. The hill districts have been divided into two districts each.
Tamenglong district has been divided into Noney and Tamenglong districts, Chandel into Tengnoupal and Chandel districts, Churachandpur into Pherzawl and Churachandpur, Senapati into Kangpokpi and Senapati districts and Ukhrul into Kamjong and Ukhrul districts. Sadar Hills district is also called as the Kangpokpi district.
An order has been issued by the chief minister Okram Ibobi-headed Congress government to appoint Deputy Commissioners and Superintendents of Police for the new districts.
List of Districts in Manipur
|Sr. No.||District||District HQ||Population (2011)||Growth||Sex Ratio||Literacy||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|12||Kakching district||Kakching||Survey pending||Pending||Pending||Pending||Pending||Pending|
Source :- http://manipur.gov.in/
Last Updated on : December 20, 2016