Punjab, the land of five rivers and astounding cultural diversity is renowned for its cuisine, culture and history.
The magical land of Punjab is home to cheerful, lively, and fun-loving people who welcome you with open arms and a smile on their face. Rainbow tinged turbans worn by cheerful men, vibrantly colored attire, bangles, ribbons, and scarves adorned by women, and bhangra music - all bestows Punjab a colorful and lively culture.
The charming cities of the state are dotted with enticing monuments, gurudwaras, sacred shrines, temples, ashrams, wide lakes, museums, and wildlife sanctuaries, which are home to numerous rare species of animals and migratory birds. It is an ideal destination for tourists interested in exploring ancient civilization, rich culture, mouth watering cuisine, and exquisite shopping.
|Location||Northwest part of India|
Pakistan on the west
Jammu and Kashmir on the north
Himachal Pradesh on its northeast
Haryana and Rajasthan to its south
|Latitude||Between 29°30' and 32°32' North|
|Longitude||Between 73°55 and 76°50 East|
|Climate||Summer - Sultry|
Winter - Cold
|Average Annual Rainfall||Between 96 and 58 cms|
|Languages||Punjabi and Hindi, Urdu and English|
|Religion||Sikhism, Hinduism and Islam|
|Best Time to Visit||October to March|
|Clothing||Summer - Cottons |
Winter - Cottons or light Woolens
How to Reach Punjab
Punjab is a state in the northwestern part of India. It's the land of the five rivers and one of the most important Sikh pilgrimage destinations. Major cities of Punjab include Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Bathinda, etc. Apart from these cities there are many tourist attraction places in the state. The entire state of Punjab is so inviting, that you can hardly ignore it.
The state has six airports. Out of these six airports the main commercial airports are:
- Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar
- Sahnewal Airport in Ludhiana
- Pathankot Airport in Pathankot
The state also boasts of a good rail network. Almost all cities of the state are linked together with railways. Main Railway Stations in the state are: Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Ferozepur, Jalandhar, Amritsar and Bhatinda.
Punjab has an extensive road network which links the state directly to most of the significant places in northern and eastern India. National Highways 1 (Grand Trunk Road or G.T. Road), 15, 19, 20, 21, 71, 54 and 1A and numerous of state highways literally crisscross the state making road travel an easy affair. The National Highways in the state are ranked among the best in India with good road infrastructure.
Shopping in Punjab
Punjab has an exceptionally lush tradition of handicrafts and handloom products, which makes shopping in the state a wonderful experience. Punjab has the reputation of being the India's largest manufacturers and exporters of handicrafts, handloom and hosiery products.
Places for Shopping in Punjab
The state offers numerous things, from traditional to contemporary items; everything has a resemblance of its rich culture. One can shop anywhere in Punjab, however big cities like Amritsar, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Pathankot, etc presents lots of range for shopping.
Government Emporiums and private shops are in abundance for shopping in Punjab. Chandigarh the capital of the state has some excellent shopping malls and commercial stores. The same one can find in other big cities too. In Punjab, one can visit the lively local markets which offer wide variety of goods at good bargain price.
Famous crafts of Punjab
Some of the famous crafts of Punjab are:
Durries (flat woven rugs)
Used as either carpets or bedcovers, these durries are very popular with their traditional designs, woven skillfully with minute details. They are mostly used for sitting purposes, whenever there is a large gathering, whatever the occasions may be. Chandigarh and Amritsar are the main centers for the production of durries.
The footwear is made with various designs and patterns, beautiful embroidered with fancy materials, like beads, colored threads, small mirrors etc. They portray the elegance, glory and royalty of Punjab.
Phulkaris (artistic embroidery)
It's a form of art which is embroidered on a shawl, dupatta, saree or a dress. Phulkari is done for various occasions, like marriages and festivals. A special kind of thread called 'pat' is used for it. The designs seamed are varied, one can think of any design, other than religious illustrations.
Parandis (hair accessories)
These are attractive hangings worn in hair by the Punjabi women living in the rural areas. Women plait their long hair and decorate them with Parandi which is worn at the plait's end. Woven out of silk these threads are joined together artistically and are available in various patterns and designs.
Different varieties of shawls like pashmina, cashmillon, jacquard, etc are available in Punjab. They are well-known for their attractive designs, comfort and reasonable prices. The main centers for manufacturing these shawls are in Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ludhiana.
Punjab has a wide variety of inlaid furniture, carved with exquisite designs. One can get here the most unique collection of furniture. The main areas fro manufacturing inlaid furniture are Jalandhar, Amritsar, Bhera and Hoshiarpur.
Besides these famous crafts, one can shop for a number of other items like Leather garments, Punjab dolls, Jewelry, Hand fans, Baskets, Folk toys, etc.
Places to Visit in Punjab
- Golden Temple
- Jallianwala Bagh
- Wagah Border
- Sheesh Mahal
- Gurudwara Anandpur Sahib
- Harmandir Sahib
- Gurudwara Kiratpur Sahib
- Dera Baba Nanak
- Goindwal Sahib
Last Updated on : June 15, 2015