The illustrious political personality and the father of nation- Mahatma Gandhi nurtured the vision of Gram Swaraj. His dreams were eventually fulfilled when democratic powers were decentralized and the local government-system in rural areas was established in the form of gram panchayats throughout the country.
Chaudhari Kumbharam Arya (1914-1995) a famous freedom fighter, famous Agrarian leader and parliamentarian was the founder member of the Panchayat Raj system in Rajasthan.
However the Panchayat system had no constitutional status until 1993. On 23rd April, the Panchayati Raj gained constitutional status through the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992.
Objectives-The main objective of Panchayati Raj is to develop a system of devolvement and democratic decentralization of powers with an aim of fostering rapid social and economic development and prompt justice. Some social developmental measures include-
- Improving school infrastructure and quality of education
- Increase water and electricity availability
- Reduce the occurrence of communicable diseases
- Increase income generated per household
Present status-The Panchayat Raj system of Rajasthan and other states consists of a three-tier structure-
- The Village Panchayatas
- The Panchayat Samitis
- The Zila Parishad
Last Updated on : 01 December 2011