started experiencing industrial development between 1950 and 1960. Large and small scale industries started springing up in the Kota, Jaipur
, Udaipur, Bhilwara and other Industrial Estates
of Rajasthan. The main industries of Rajasthan include textile, rugs, woolen goods, vegetable oil and dyes. Heavy industries consist of copper and zinc smelting and the manufacture of railway rolling stock. The other industries related to Private Sector include steel, cement, ceramics and glass wares, electronic, leather and footwear, stone and other chemical industries.
Altogether the industrial sector accounts for about 32.5 per cent of the total share of the state's economy. During 1995- 96 and 2001-02, the industrial sector of Rajasthan experienced growth at the rate of 6.9% per annum.
Textile Industry-Textile is the chief industry and the Rajasthan is considered as India's second largest producer of Polyester Fiber. It is grown in the Bhilwara district of Rajasthan. Besides these, Rajasthan is also involved in the large scale production of cotton and wool in the country. In total the production of Textiles accounts 21.96 % in the state. Rajasthan also produces huge quantities of spun yarn and hence is the fourth largest producer in India.
- Cement Industry - The state of Rajasthan is also the major producer of cement and accounts for 15 per cent of the cement output of the country.
- Chemical Industry- The chemical industry produces calcium carbide, caustic soda, sulphuric acid, pesticides insecticides and fertilizers.
- Salt Production- Rajasthan is the third largest producer of salt (sodium chloride) in the country and accounts for the country's one-tenth of salt production.
The large mineral and metal deposits like zinc, copper, lignite, gypsum and mica in the state have also fostered the growth of a large number of industries that are involved in producing by-products by utilizing these natural resources.