Chhattisgarh located in central India is among the states which has the maximum land under forest area, encompassing an area of nearly 1,35,133 Sq. km. 44% of the total area of Chhattisgarh comes under forests, which contributes to the 12% of the of India's total forests. The state has immense possibility for wildlife and eco-tourism because of its rich bio-diversity. Chhattisgarh is blessed with some of the most endangered and rare wildlife species are found here. For wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers Chhattisgarh is a perfect destination.
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Chhattisgarh are inhabited by the the endangered Wild Buffalos and Hill Myna, the State Animal and State Bird of Chhattisgarh respectively. The other animals and birds which you can see in these sanctuaries are the Wild Boar, Indian Gazelle, Chital or Spotted Deer, Nilgai, Sloth Bear, Sambars, Gaurs, Barking Deer, Bison, Chausingha or Four-horned Antelope, Chinkara, Muntjac, Dhole or Wild Dog, Jackal, Striped Hyena, and Porcupine etc. The birds which you can spot in this region are Parrots,Green Pigeons, Storks, Darters, Wood Peckers, Jungle Fowls, Quails, Peacocks, Gray-partridges, etc.
Among the various wildlife sanctuaries in Chhattisgarh, some of the important ones need special mention, click on the following links to know about them in detail:
Chhattisgarh wildlife sanctuaries attract many tourists to this Indian state. Barnawapara Sanctuary is a popular wildlife sanctuary situated in the Mahasamund district of Chhattisgarh. The sanctuary has a total area of 245 sq km.
Sita Nadi Sanctuary
Sita Nadi Sanctuary is situated in the district of Dhamtari in Chhattisgarh. After the passing of Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, Sita Nadi Sanctuary was established in 1974. The average altitude of this place is 327 m to 736 m. The sanctuary has a total area of about 556 sq km. River Sitanadi flows across the sanctuary and thus this sanctuary of Dhamtari has derived its name. The river Sitanadi flows to meet river Mahanadi in Deokhut. The tourists on a tour to the Chhattisgarh wildlife sanctuaries, should not miss a visit to Sita Nadi Sanctuary. November to June are the ideal time to visit Sita Nadi Sanctuary in Chhattisgarh. The sanctuary is known for its rich vegetation. The forest consists of trees like Mahua, Tendu, Harra and the moist peninsular trees like Sal, Bamboo and Teak. Besides supporting a rich variety of flora, the sanctuary is also a haven for the different species of animals and birds. The nature lovers in Sita Nadi Sanctuary can not afford to miss to see the animals like Leopards, Antelopes, Black Buck, Monkey, Nilgai and many other rare species of animals. A tourist will also be able to see Egrets, Parrots, Bulbul, Tree Pie birds in the sanctuary. A project has been undertaken to develop Sita Nadi Sanctuary into a sanctuary for preservation of Tigers. Sita Nadi Sanctuary is one of the most popular tourist attraction of Chhattisgarh tourism. The tourists from outside Chhattisgarh can access the Raipur airport to reach Sita Nadi Sanctuary. They can also access train service from Dhamtari railway station.
Udanti Sanctuary was established in 1983 after the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 was passed. The sanctuary is a major tourist attraction of Raipur in Chhattisgarh.
Indravati National Park
Indravati National Park has been named after the Indravati river that drains in the northern part of the national park. The national park is situated in the district of Dantewada in the Chhattisgarh state of India. Indravati National Park is one of the most popular national park in India. It extends for an area of about 2799.08 sq km. In 1981, the wildlife reserve was recognized as a National Park. From 1983 it came to be known as a Tiger Reserve. The authorities have undertaken measure to conserve this species of animal. Indravati National Park can be reached by the tourists from outside Chhattisgarh by availing the airplanes from other metropolis of India. They can reach Raipur, which is the nearby airport from the national park. From the district of Bastar, the park can be reached at ease. The park can be reached from Kutrue which serves as the entry point to the Indravati National Park. The park is linked with other parts of the district by link roads. The tourists on a Chhattisgarh tourism can visit the national park and the Chhattisgarh wildlife sanctuaries during the months of December to June. The major attraction of Indravati National Park is the different species of animals, birds and varieties of vegetation. There are vast stretches of lush green grasslands in the national parks. The tourists can see the wild herbivores coming to graze in this grasslands. One can spot the Wild Buffaloes, Barking Deer and herds of Nilgais in this grasslands. The other animals that are conserved in the national park of Dantewada district are Barasinghas, Gaurs, Sambars, Wild Dogs, Sloth Bear, Hyenas and many other species. The Indravati National Park is mainly known for the reptiles. One can see the crocodiles basking in the sun or Indian Chameleons, Cobra, Indian Rock Pythons in the park. The national park is also a shelter to a number of birds.
Kanger Valley National Park
Kanger Valley National Park adds to the scenic beauty of the Kanger valley in Chhattisgarh. The Kanger valley stretches for a distance of about 34 km. This national park of India is one of the popular tourist destination. The name Kanger has derived from the river of the same name that flows along the stretch of the park. Kanger Valley National Park is set along the bank of river Kholaba. The average area occupied by the national park is about 200 sq km. The terrain of the region is mainly hilly. The suitable time to go on a tour to Chhattisgarh wildlife sanctuaries and national parks is from November to June. From the Bastar district in Chhattisgarh, the national park can be easily accessed. The airport that can be accessed is located in Raipur, the state capital. The railhead and nearby bus stand from the Kanger Valley National Park is located at Jagdalpur, the Bastar's district headquarter. This park of Kanger valley was recognized as a national park of Kanger in 1982. The bio-diversity of this park is diverse. Besides seeing the wild animals and birds in the national park, there are a number of tourist spots that are located in the park. The tourists can also arrange picnics at the two parks of Bhaimsa Dhara and Kanger Dhara. Bhaimsa Dhara is a Crocodile Park that attracts tourists to this national park. Many tribal communities reside in the reserve areas of Kanger Valley National Park.
Sanjay National Park
Sanjay National Park is one of the most visited Chhattisgarh wildlife sanctuaries. This national park is also known by the name of Ghasi Das National Park. The national park is situated in the Chhattisgarh district in central part of India. The area through which the national park extends is about 2303 sq km. There is ample supply of water in the national park as many rivers drain this region. One will get to see many rare species in the Sanjay National Park, Chhattisgarh. Sanjay National Park was set up in 1982. The Chhatisgarh tourism includes a tour to the district of Bastar. The most important tourist destination in Bastar is the Sanjay National Park. The tourists can reach this park by airway from any major cities of India. The entry point to the national park is located at Sidhi, a district in Madhya Pradesh. The park can also be availed by rail. The months of November to June are the best period to visit Sanjay National Park in Chhattisgarh. In the Sanjay National Park, the tourists can see the different species of animals. The forests are frequented by Tigers, Chitals, Jackals, Four horned Antelopes, Bison, Monkeys, Porcupines, Barking Deer, Wild Pigs and other animals. There are a number of reptile species like lizards, Cobras and Pythons. There are a number of bird species in the national park as well. The bird watchers can spend their time among the Parrots, Munias, Blue Kingfishers, Wagtails and many other species. The national park has a rich vegetation. The forest mainly consist of trees of mixed varieties. The most common tree of this region is Sal. Other trees are Bamboo, Palas and Gurajan.
Last Updated on : 05 April 2013