On 2nd April 1970, the state of Meghalaya became an autonomous state and later on 21st January 1972, it became a full-fledged state. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong.
The Meghalaya government takes all kinds of action following the parliament laws. The Union can direct the state government whenever it finds it necessary.
The basic structure of the government in Meghalaya is given below:
The executive authority of every state is vested in the hands of the Council of Ministers. The "Chief Minister" is its head and therefore is at the apex. The Governor of the state appoints the chief minister whereas the chief minister's advice is sought by the governor while appointing the other council of ministers The Council of Ministers together is in charge of the Legislative Assembly of the State.
Council of Ministers comprise of both the cabinet ministers as well as the other ministers of the state. The Cabinet Ministers determine the policies of the state government. The other ministers conversely attend cabinet meetings on their concerned departments as and when the cabinet considers.
Magalia like all the other states of India, comprise of the "Council of Ministers" who has been appointed according to their experience and efficiency. This helps in smooth functioning of the various important departments of Magalia. The Council of Ministers of Magalia consists of 12 ministers looking after more than 50 departments.
The council of ministers of Magalia has the chief minister at its apex, who is the head of the body. The current chief minister of the state is Dr. Mukul Sangma, who was sworn as the Chief Minister of the state on 20th April, 2010. More than 6 essential departments are at his jurisdiction. Shri B.M. Lanong and Shri Rowell Lyngdoh are Meghalaya's Deputy Chief Ministers who also takes care of various departments of the state, from law to health.
Besides the chief minister and the deputy ministers, the council of ministers of Magalia consists of 9 other ministers who are in charge of other important departments. The list of ministers and their respective departments are stated below.
|S.No||Ministers||Designation and Departments||Phone (Office)|
|1||Dr. Mukul Sangma||Chief Minister
Industries Finance Personnel Programme Implementation and Evaluation Planning Public Works (Building)
|2224828, S-2200, 9863020523|
|2||Shri B.M. Lanong||Deputy Chief Minister
Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Law Arts & Culture Sports and Youth Affairs Mining & Geology Reorganization
|2222763, S-2412, 9436994670|
|3||Shri Rowell Lyngdoh||Deputy Chief Minister
Administrative Reforms Home (Passport) Health & Family Welfare Labour Parliamentary Affairs
|4||Shri A.T. Mondol||Minister Excise Relations Information & Public Power Transport||2226953, S-2663, 9436161222|
|5||Shri J.A. Lyngdoh||Minster Election Secretariat Printing & Stationery Social Welfare Administration||2211250, S-2694, 9436103489|
|6||Shri P. Tynsong||Minister General Adminstration Public Health Engineering Science & Technology Municipal Adminstration||2224579, S-2651, 9863063357|
|7||Dr. R.C. Laloo||Minster Forests 7 Environment Management Revenue and Disaster Sericulture and Weaving Conservation Soil & Water||2224576, S-2644, 9862088281|
|8||Shri F.W. Momin||Minister Community & Rural Cooperation Development Water Resources||--|
|9||Shri H.D.R. Lyngdoh||Minister District Council affairs Public Works (Roads) Home (Police)||---|
|10||Shri Augustine D. Marak||Minster Food Civil Supplies & Consumer Affairs Home (Civil Defence & Home Guards) Home ( Jails)||---|
|11||Shri Founder Strong Cajee||Minister Urban affairs Fisheries||--|
|12||Smti. M. Ampareen Lyngdoh||Minister Education (Technical and Higher) Education (School Education & Literacy)Tourism||2224570, S-2645, 9436100281|
Current Governor of Meghalaya
The current Governor of Meghalaya is Mr. Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary.After taking oath, Mr. R. S. Mooshahary took the official charge of Meghalaya as the Governor of the state on 1st July, 2008. The total tenure of Mr. Mooshahary's present Governorship amounts to 3 years and 2 months.
After completing matriculation level of studies, Mr. R. S. Mooshahary took admission in the Union Christian College in Umiam for his pre-university studies. Mooshahary graduated in the subject of Political Science from the Shillong based St. Anthony's College.
R. S. Mooshahary was born in the year 1946 at Odlaguri, a tribal village in the district of Kokrajhar near Gossaigaon in the state of Assam in India.
R. S. Mooshahary married Rema Menon from the state of Kerala. The couple has got one daughter named Tamanna Mooshahary and one son named Ranjay Mooshahary. This youthful and energetic Governor is an erudite and has keen interest in literature, philosophy, history, contemporary politics, economical developments and public administration. With clarity of thought, Mr. R. S. Mooshahary aims at fighting corruption, superstition, social inequality. He holds positive thought towards the qualitative improvement of life. Besides being blessed with analytical ability, Mooshahary is caring and considerate.
The official residential address and contact details of the present Governor of Meghalaya is as follows:
- Raj Bhavan
Shillong - 793 001
Tel.: + 91 - 0364 - 2223487/ 2223001
Fax: + 91 - 0364 - 2223338
Besides being the Director General of Kerala Police, Mr. R. S. Mooshahary held the prestigious position of the Director General in the Border Security Force (B. S. F.) of India and National Security Guard in his entire career in the Indian Police Service. While on each and every assignment, Mooshahary proved himself with determined leadership and uncompromised principles.
Post his retirement from I. P. S. in the year 2006, Mr. Mooshahary was appointed as the Chief Information Commissioner of Assam. His much appreciated pro-active role in the creation of transparency in the affairs of Government, fighting corruption in the nation's civil services and implementing easier and faster legal processes made the Information Commission come to the focal point of the state.
Finally, on 1st July 2008, Mr. R. S. Mooshahary took charge of the Meghalaya Governor's office and is still holding that position. Besides being the first tribal State Governor, Mr. Mooshahary is among the youngest Governors of the country.
Mr. R. S. Mooshahary, the present Governor of the state, is the receiver of the prestigious awards of the President's Police Medal as well as the Police Medal for his notable and praiseworthy service.
He is the state government legal adviser of the topmost level. In the supreme court, he can represent the government of Meghalaya in case of major cases. The advocate general can participate in the Legislative Assembly proceedings.
The Meghalaya political parties mainly feature the state wings of the major national level parties and many state level political parties. Although state level political parties fail to exercise much influence on the political scenario of the state due to modest infrastructural facilities and stringent ethnic agendas, which often veer on separatist ambitions, they play an important role in the coalition politics of the state and through formation of strategic alliances. Therefore the importance of state level political parties among the political parties of Meghalaya cannot possibly be denied.
The national parties of India form an important part of the political parties in Meghalaya. The Indian National Congress is the single largest presence among the political parties of Meghalaya. They are the ruling parties of the state. The way they survived the nation-wide anti-incumbency in the 2004 Lok Sabha votes in Meghalaya, show the kind of popularity that the party enjoys in the state. The Bharatiya Janata Party also has a strong presence in the state.
The state level political parties among the political parties at Meghalaya are not powerful enough to form independent governments, but they often play important roles in the state's political scenario through the formation of alliances. The Meghalaya Nationalist Congress Party was formed for a brief period, but did not show the power that sincere state political parties can wield in the state. Garo National Party is devoted to the creation of a separate land for the Garos. The Meghalaya Democratic Front has emerged as the biggest state level political party in the recent times.
Meghalaya National Political Parties
National political parties in Meghalaya play an important role in the politics of Meghalaya. Although there is a prominent presence of many regional and state level parties, yet it is to the Meghalaya national political parties that the inhabitants look at for the formation of the state government as well as in the selection of parliamentary candidate. It is both singly and through coalition that the national level parties in Meghalaya play such an important role in the political scenario of the state. The Indian National Congress has the largest presence of national political parties at Meghalaya, although Bharatiya Janata Party is gradually increasing its influence in the state.
Indian National Congress is the largest of the national political parties of Meghalaya. The base and popularity of Congress has always been extremely strong in Meghalaya and the win that they registered in the last Assembly elections to become the ruling party of the state is a proof of that continuing popularity. Shri O.L. Nongtudu is the current president of the state party organization.
Bharatiya Janata Party may not enjoy the wide popularity of Indian National Congress in Meghalaya, but it is steadily strengthening its base of operations in the state. Through alliances with the various right wing political parties of the state, it remains imperative that Bharatiya Janata Party, under the able guidance of the state party president Shri H.S. Syiemlieh, will exert a much more significant influence on the state's political scenario in the coming years.
State Level Political Parties
The Meghalaya state level political parties exercise considerable influence in the state's politics. There are many ethnic affiliations within the population of Meghalaya. Therefore the state level parties often become credible mouthpieces to voice people's demands. The state level political parties in Meghalaya were established with the same ideal. They were created with the intentions to be a necessary corrective to the policies of the national level parties to suit the local needs, as well as to play an important part in the state's parliamentary system.
The state level political parties of Meghalaya were developed to address the key issues in the lives of the inhabitants of the state. However, lack of infrastructures, funds and often organizational deficiencies have come in the way of them becoming formidable forces in the state's political scenario. Although it is difficult for most state level to form absolute majorities, yet they play an important role in the state coalition politics. However, the state level political parties at Meghalaya are almost exclusively stratified on ethnic lines and therefore almost automatically annuls any chance for widespread popularity. Some political parties are vested with out and out separatist agendas.
Meghalaya is surprisingly bereft of powerful political parties of strictly state level. The Meghalaya Nationalist Congress Party was a bread away from the Nationalist Congress Party and was soon merged with the Indian National Congress. The Garo National Party is devoted solely to the formation of a separate Garo land separate from Meghalaya. Even they fail to exert much of an influence on the political scene of Meghalaya.
Meghalaya Current Government
The Meghalaya current government comprise of :
These three bodies are in-charge of the welfare and security of the citizens of the state of Meghalaya. The Meghalaya current government has a unicameral legislature. The legislative assembly consists of sixty members with the speaker and the governor at the top of the legislature. "Indian National Congress" (INC) is the party which is currently running the state of Meghalaya. Meghalaya has two representatives from Tura and Shillong represent the state in Lok Sabha. The state has 1 representative in Rajya Sabha.
The legislative head of the present government of Meghalaya is Governor Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary. Honorable speaker of the legislative assembly of the state is Shri Charles Pyngrope. The legislative proceedings are headed by Dr. Mukul Sangma, the chief minister. The present leader of opposition is Shri Conrad K. Sangma. The Meghalaya Legislature consists of sixty members chosen from sixty different legislative constituencies. Out of the total number of seats, fifty five are reserved for the ST candidates.
A body of twelve cabinet ministers heads the executive of the Meghalaya current government. The cabinet members function under the direction of Dr. Mukul Sangma, the chief minister. The chief minister along with the deputy chief minister and the other cabinet ministers are responsible for the proper functioning of more than 50 departments of the state. A group of secretaries and administrators are also there to help the ministers in their work.
The High Court of Guwahati exercises its jurisdiction over the state of Meghalaya. The High Court's main seat is in Guwahati and a "Circuit Bench" also functions at Shillong since the year 1974. Shillong also has the court of the session judge and district judge. Besides these, the deputy commissioner and his associates exercise judicial powers in various parts of Shillong. Courts under Khasi Syiemship exercises power over Khasi Syiemship regions. Tribal areas of the state of Meghalaya have "District Council Courts" and other secondary courts which have originated from the "Sixth Schedule" of the Indian Constitution.
District Council of Meghalaya
Each autonomous Meghalaya District Council are one of the most significant features of the state's legislature. They were brought about by the sixth schedule of the constitution. There are three autonomous district councils in Meghalaya:
The autonomous district councils are devoted to safeguard the rights, traditions, practices, cultures and laws of each region. Thus each District Council at Meghalaya has its own counterpart of the legislature, executive and judiciary that are in-keeping with the customs and traditions of each area.
The Garo Hills and the Jaintia Hills autonomous District Council in Meghalaya are located on the mountains of the eastern side of the state. The Garo Hills are on the Western side of the state. The Garo hills are made up of 22 constituencies and Jaintia Hills have 29 constituencies.
The elections of each District Council of Meghalaya are intensely competed by the political parties of the state. The national parties take a keen interest in the District Council elections. Indian National Congress have a prominent presence in Meghalaya District Council elections. However, the state level parties, which fail to make much of a mark in the state assembly elections, often fare quite well in these elections. The results of the District Council elections are often clear indicators to the political atmosphere of the state and are considered to be previews to the assembly and parliamentary election results. The improvement in the performance of the Garo National Council in the Garo Hills District Council elections of 2004 is a clear indication to the increasing popularity of the state level political parties in the state and also the bright future of the party in the state.
Meghalaya State Constituencies
Meghalaya state constituencies can be mainly divided into assembly constituencies and the parliamentary constituencies. The elected members from the assembly constituencies go up to represent the area in the Meghalaya state legislative assembly, whereas the winners from the parliamentary constituencies represent their area in the Lok Sabha or the lower house of the Indian legislature. There are 60 assembly constituencies and 2 parliamentary constituencies among the state constituencies of Meghalaya.
The assembly constituencies of Meghalaya are the most representative of Meghalaya state constituencies. The 60 assembly constituencies are spread over the Garo Hills, Jaintia Hills and Khasi Hill areas of the state. Meghalaya has a wide tribal population. In keeping with the logic of demographic representation, 55 of the assembly constituencies of the state have been given reserved status, being ST seats. Five of the remaining assembly constituencies are general in nature.
The parliamentary constituencies are the most prestigious of the state constituencies in Meghalaya. The parliamentary constituencies of Meghalaya elect members to the Lok Sabha. There are two parliamentary constituencies in Meghalaya. The Shillong parliamentary constituency is bigger of the two and the Tura is the smaller.
Elections in the various Meghalaya state constituencies are fiercely fought by the different political parties of the state. The elections of Meghalaya feature most of the national political parties as well as a number of state level political parties. The national level parties usually dominate the Lok Sabha elections, but the state level parties play a very important role in the assembly elections.
Meghalaya parliamentary constituencies are two in number. The two parliamentary constituencies of Meghalaya are Shillong and Tura. The winners from the parliamentary constituencies of Meghalaya go up to represent the state in the Lok Sabha and therefore it is the most fiercely fought election in the state. Often the results of the autonomous district council elections and the waves of the assembly elections show themselves in the parliamentary elections. But, because of the cut-throat competition, the Lok Sabha elections always become the center of interest and attraction. The narrow margin of the winning candidates in both the constituencies in the 2004 elections, clearly showed the vigor with which the parliamentary elections are fought in Meghalaya.
Shillong is one of the two parliamentary constituencies of Meghalaya. The Shillong parliament constituency is the bigger of the two constituencies, with more than 800,000 general electors and 433 service electors. Unlike the assembly constituencies, both the parliamentary constituencies at Meghalaya are general in category. Sri Paty Ripple Kyndiah of the Indian National Congress won the elections in the 14th Lok Sabha elections of 2004. He defeated his nearest competitor independent candidate Sri S. Loniak Marbaniang by a margin of over 70,000 votes.
Tura is the smaller of the two Meghalaya parliamentary constituencies. With a strength of general electors that exceed 50,000 and 69 service electors, the total number of electors in this parliamentary constituency in Meghalaya is well above the 5.2 lakh margin. Ex-Speaker of the Lok Sabha Sri Purano Agitok Sangma was the winner from this constituency. Fighting the elections for All India Trinamool Congress, Sri Sangma defeated his nearest competitor Dr. Mukul Sangma by a margin of over 72,000 votes.
Meghalaya assembly constituencies elect members to the legislative assembly of Meghalaya, which is the base of the state legislature and consequently to the state's governance. There are 60 assembly constituencies in Meghalaya. As many as 55 assembly constituencies of Meghalaya are reserved constituencies for the ST, whereas the remaining five constituencies are for general candidates.
Meghalaya assembly constituencies are distributed over the three district councils of the Garo Hills, Khasi Hills and the Jaintia Hills area. Given below are the names of the Meghalaya assembly constituencies:
1 - Nongbah - Wahiajer (ST)
2 - Rymbai (ST)
3 - Mawhati (ST)
4 - Nongpoh (ST)
5 - Nartiang (ST)
6 - War - Jaintia (ST)
7 - Jirang (ST)
8 - Sutnga - Shangpung (ST)
9 - Umroi (ST)
10 - Raliang (ST)
11 - Jowai (ST)
12 - Mairang (ST)
13 - Nongspung (ST)
14 - Malki - Nongthymmai (ST)
15 - Mawsynram (ST)
16 - Mawkhar (ST)
17 - Laban
18 - Pynthorumkhrah
19 - Jaiaw (ST)
20 - Nongkrem (ST)
21 - Mawprem
22 - Laitumkhrah (ST)
23 - Mawlai (ST)
24 - Pariong (ST)
25 - Shella (ST)
26 - Sohiong (ST)
27 - Lyngkyrdem (ST)
28 - Mylliem (ST)
29 - Sohra (ST)
30 - Mawkyrwat (ST)
31 - Sohryngkham (ST)
32 - Songsak (ST)
33 - Nongstoin (ST)
34 - Nongshken (ST) 35 - Rongjeng (ST)
36 - Mawthengkut (ST)
37 - Mendipathar (ST)
38 - Rongrenggiri (ST)
39 - Langrin (ST)
40 - Kharkutta (ST)
41 - Baghmara (ST)
42 - Resubelpara (ST)
43 - Dienglieng (ST)
44 - Ronchugiri (ST)
45 - Tikrikilla (ST)
46 - Mahendraganj
47 - Bajengdoba (ST)
48 - Phulbari
49 - Tura (ST)
50 - Chokpot (ST)
51 - Kherapara (ST)
52 - Rajabala (ST)
53 - alamgiri (ST)
54 - Dadenggiri (ST)
55 - Dalu (ST)
56 - Ampatigiri (ST)
57 -Salmanpara (ST)
58 - DSelsella (ST)
59 - Rangsakona (ST)
60 - Rongram (ST)
The twenty first state of India, Meghalaya was given the status of an independent state on April 2nd, 1970 after it was chipped off from Assam. Meghalaya follows a unicameral Legislature which is based upon adult franchise and consists of 60 members. It is constituted under section 73 of the Representation of the People Act 1951.
General Elections of the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly took place in the years 1972, 1978, 1983, 1988, 1993, 1998 and 2003. Presently there are fifty five reserved seats and five unreserved seats in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly.
The 1st session of the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya took place on March 25th, 1972. The then acting speaker was Shri Jor Manik Syiem.
Governor, Speaker, Chief Minister and Leader of the Opposition
The speaker and the governor are at the apex of the legislative assembly. The present governor of the state of Meghalaya is Ranjit Shekhar Mooshahary whereas the speaker of the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly is Shri Charles Pyngrope. Chief Minster Dr. Mukul Sangma heads the legislative proceedings. The leader of opposition is Shri Conrad K. Sangma.
Members of the Legislative Assembly
|1||NEHLANG LYNGDOH||Rymbai (ST)||INC|
|2||LAHKMEN RYMBUI||War-Jaintia (ST)||INC|
|3||COMINGONE YMBON||Raliang (ST)||INC|
|4||SHITLANG PALE||Sutnga-Shangpung (ST)||INC|
|5||SNIAWBHALANG DHAR||Nongbah-Wahiajer (ST)||INC|
|6||E. C. BONIFACE BAMON||Nartiang (ST)||NCP|
|7||DONBOK KHYMDEIT||Mawhati (ST)||UDP|
|8||ROYTRE CHRISTOPHER LALOO||Jowai (ST)||INC|
|9||D.D. LAPANG||Nongpoh (ST)||INC|
|10||Shri E. K. Mawlong (Expired) SHRI.STANLYWISS RYMBAI (By Election)||Umroi (ST)||INC|
|11||METBAH LYNGDOH||Mairang (ST)||UDP|
|12||J. DRINGWELL RYMBAI||Jirang (ST)||UDP|
|13||H. DONKUPAR R. LYNGDOH||Sohiong (ST)||INC|
|14||J. ANTONIUS LYNGDOH||Nongspung (ST)||UDP|
|15||B.M. LANONG||Malki-Nongthymmai (ST)||UDP|
|16||RONNIE V. LYNGDOH||Mylliem (ST)||INC|
|17||M. AMPAREEN LYNGDOH||Laitumkhrah (ST)||INC|
|19||DR. FRIDAY LYNGDOH||Mawkhar (ST)||INC|
|20||PAUL LYNGDOH||Jaiaw (ST)||KHNAM|
|23||CHARLES PYNGROPE||Sohryngkham (ST)||INC|
|24||FOUNDER STRONG CAJEE||Mawlai (ST)||INC|
|25||ARDENT MILLER BASAIAWMOIT||Nongkrem (ST)||UDP|
|26||REMINGTON PYNGROPE||Dienglieng (ST)||UDP|
|27||DON KUPAR MASSAR||Nongshken (ST)||IND|
|28||PRESTONE TYNSONG||Lyngkyrdem (ST)||INC|
|29||DR. DONKUPAR ROY||Shella (ST)||UDP|
|30||DR. PHLOUR W. KHONGJEE||Sohra (ST)||INC|
|31||ROWELL LYNGDOH||Mawkyrwat (ST)||INC|
|32||PYNSHNGAINLANG SYIEM||Mawsynram (ST)||INC|
|33||HOPINGSTONE LYNGDOH||Nongstoin (ST)||HSPDP|
|34||SDR. ADVISER PARIONG||Pariong (ST)||HSPDP|
|35||FRANCIS PONDIT R. SANGMA||Mawthengkut (ST)||INC|
|36||MARTIN M. DANGGO||Langrin (ST)||INC|
|37||MARCUISE N. MARAK||Rongrenggiri (ST)||NCP|
|38||SHRI SATTO MARAK||Baghmara (ST)||NCP|
|39||OMILLO K. SANGMA||Kharkutta (ST)||NCP|
|40||DESANG M. SANGMA||Rongjeng (ST)||NCP|
|41||TIMOTHY SHIRA||Resubelpara (ST)||NCP|
|42||FRANKENSTEIN MOMIN||Mendipathar (ST)||INC|
|43||JOHN MANNER MARAK||Bajengdoba (ST)||NCP|
|44||NIHIM D. SHIRA||Songsak (ST)||NCP|
|45||AUGUSTINE D. MARAK||Dadenggiri (ST)||INC|
|46||LIMISON SANGMA||Tikrikilla (ST)||IND|
|47||ABU TAHER MONDA||Phulbari||IND|
|48||JAMES PANGSANG KONGKAL SANGMA||Ronchugiri (ST)||NCP|
|49||CONRAD KONGKAL SANGMA||Selsella (ST)||NCP|
|50||SAYEEDULLAH NONGRUM||Rajabala (ST)||INC|
|51||PURNO AGITOK SANGMA||Tura (ST)||NCP|
|52||ISMAIL R. MARAK||Rongram (ST)||IND|
|53||PHILLIPOLE MARAK||Kherapara (ST)||NCP|
|54||MASONSING SANGMA||Chokpot (ST)||NCP|
|55||SALENG SANGMA||Dalamgiri (ST)||INC|
|56||SAMUEL SANGMA||Dalu (ST)||INC|
|57||DR. MUKUL SANGMA||Ampatigiri (ST)||INC|
|58||ADOLF LU HITLER R. MARAK||Rangsakona (ST)||NCP|
|60||NIMARSON MOMIN||Salmanpara (ST)||UDP|
Committees of the Legislative Assembly
- Business Advisory Committee
- Committee on Public Accounts
- Committee on Petition
- Committee on Public Undertakings
- Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Tribes Scheduled Castes and other Backward Classes.
- Committee on Estimate
- Committee of Privileges
- Committee on Government Assurances
- Committee on Sub-ordinate Legislation
- Rules Committee
- House Committee
- Select Committee
- Library Committee
- Budget Committee
- Committee on Empowerment of Women
Meghalaya judiciary is a mix of the district benches of the Guwahati high court and the district councils formed in accordance to the sixth schedule of the Indian constitution. While in many parts around Shillong, the circuit bench of the Guwahati High Court tries cases on the basis of the codes of civil and criminal procedures of the Indian penal codes, the more faraway regions of the Khasi and the Garo hills have cases tried according to their indigenous juridical customs.
Meghalaya judiciary falls under the jurisdiction of the Guwahati High Court. A special circuit bench of the Guwahati High Court looks after the implementation of judiciary in Meghalaya at the areas around Shillong that fall under the direct jurisdiction of the Indian Penal code. The Sessions Judge of Shillong bench is vested with the responsibility to try out the civil cases in accordance to the code of civil procedure as laid down by the Indian constitution. The Chief Judicial magistrate supervises the criminal cases.
The present officer in charge of the district and the sessions judges' offices is also the Additional Deputy Commissioner of Meghalaya judiciary, and has the responsibility to ensure the proper functioning of the rules of the Administration of Justice in the East Khasi Hills region.
Last Updated on 11 March 2013