Andhra Pradesh General (Lok Sabha) Elections 2014
The Andhra Pradesh Lok Sabha election of 2014 has assumed special significance in the national politics after the Telangana issue. The central government, earlier going ahead with the decision to make Telengana a state, rolled it back following fierce protest. In fact, the current Chief Minister of the state, Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy, has raised his voice any division of Andhra Pradesh, after Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy of YSR Congress held statewide protest against the porposed division. However, K. Chandrasekhar Rao of the Telangana Rashtra Samity (TRS) is steadfast in his demand for a separate Telangana.
With the approaching general election of 2014, the various parties are doing their best to extract as much political mileage from the issue as possible. In the last general election, the Indian National Congress (INC) won 33 out of the total 42 parliamentary constituencies (PCs). The Telugu Desham Party (TDP) won 6 seats, the Telangana Rashtra Samity (TRS) won 2 seats, and All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-Al-Muslameen won 1 seat. In fact, the current assembly of Andhra Pradesh is also ruled by the Congress. However, the eruption of pro- and anti-Telengana movements is leadong to division among the leaders and workers of the INC itself.
INC has already started talk with both TRS and YSR Congress in order to stand a better chance in the state. However, Chandrababu Naidu of TDP has come to an understanding with its past ally National Democratic Alliance, led by the BJP, and is believed to go on poll with an arrangement with them.
Major Political Parties
The major political parties of Andhra Pradesh are as follows.
Indian National Congress
The state unit of the INC is called the Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee (APCC). It is headquartered in the Gandhi Bhavan of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. All the Congress party units in 23 districts of Andhra Pradesh are managed by the APCC. Its current chief is Bothsa Sathyanarayana. The current government of the state is also run by the INC, where the Chief Minister is Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy. In the last Lok Sabha election of 2009, the INC won 33 seats improving on their last election's performance, when it had secured 29 seats.
Telugu Desam Party
The TDP was founded by N.T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. However, since 1995 the party is headed by Nara Chandrababu Naidu. He is currently the Leader of Opposition in the state assembly. The party is headquartered at Banjara Hills in Hyderabad.
The principal motto of this party is to protect self-respect and dignity of the Telugu-speaking people. Along with this identity politics, the TDP also vouches for provision of three basic aspects of human sustenance, such as clothing, shelter, and food. Another two poll planks of TDP are empowerment of society's backward segment, youth, and women.
The TDP has performed poorly in the last two Lok Sabha elections. In 2004 and 2009 general elections it had bagged only five and six seats respectively, compared with 29 seats of 1999.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi
The TRS has assumed extreme importance, especially in the last few months, because it is perceived as the vanguard party demanding a separate state of Telangana carved out of Andhra Pradesh. This party is headed by K. Chandrashekhar Rao, who quit TDP in 2001 due to differences with Nara Chandrababu Naidu. Main aim of TRS is to achieve regional autonomy of Telangana region, as it was before the formation of the Andhra Pradesh state in 1956. In 2009, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi won 2 parliamentary constituencies.
YSR Congress Party
This party was founded by Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, son of ex-Chief Minister YSR Reddy, on 26 February , 2011. After certain disagreements with the state leaders of the INC, Jagan split with Congress. He is the new face is spearheading fast-until-death and other forms of protest to stop bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. He has assumed significant foothold in the Seemandhra region of Andhra Pradesh. The party is yet to contest any election. Reddy will start his electoral politics with 2014 Lok Sabha election and many analysts are upbeat about good performance of YSR Congress, especially in the Seemandhra region of the state.
The election tracker of CNN-IBN-CSDS for Andhra Pradesh has projected a heavy loss for Indian National Congress if the Lok Sabha election was held in the month of January 2014. The INC is expected to win just 5-7 parliamentary constituencies in Andhra Pradesh.
The YSR Congress, which is going to fight its first-ever election after its formation, is expected to win 11 to 19 parliamentary constituencies. The Telugu Desham Party (TDP) is expected to win 9 to 15 parliamentary constituencies in Andhra Pradesh. The Telangana Rashtra Samiti or TRS is also going to fare well this time, with 4 to 8 parliamentary constituencies.
Strategy of Indian National Congress
The main strategy of the Indian National Congress for Andhra Pradesh in the upcoming Lok Sabha Election 2014 is to piggyback on both, the YSR Congress in the Seemandhra region, and the TRS in the Telangana region. The second strategy of the INC is to isolate TDP, as much as possible, in both Seemandhra and Telangana regions of Andhra Pradesh. It is now up to the election managers of Congress to make it successful.
Strategy of YSR Congress
The YSR Congress has undertaken an aggressive pro-united Andhra Pradesh stand. This has made the YSR Congress strong in the Seemandhra region of the state. This stance will help the party to fare good in the upcoming 2014 Parliamentary election.
Strategy of Telangana Rashtra Samithi
The Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) is perceived as the party that is leading the demand for a separate Telangana. The indications are strong that this strategy will help TRS improve its Lok Sabha tally, especially in the Telangana region of the state.
Strategy of Telugu Desham Party
The Telugu Desham Party (TDP) has already forged ties with the BJP and is expected to have a pre-poll alliance with the NDA or National Democratic Front. The main Lok Sabha strategy of the party is to expose Congress's duplicity in the Telangana issue.
Election Commission of Andhra Pradesh
In September 1994, the Andhra Pradesh State Election Commission was constituted under the Constitution of India, provision of Article 243K read with Article 243ZA. Most importantly, the functions and powers of the State Election Commission are same as those of Election Commission of India, under Article 324 of the Constitution.
The State Election Commission is entitled to hold elections in urban as well as rural local bodies in Andhra Pradesh.
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Andhra Pradesh
Currently, the CEO of Andhra Pradesh is Ramakanth Reddy, a 1973-batch IAS officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre. The Chief Electoral Officer works under the direct control and supervision of the ECI. Some of the functions carried out by the CEO include preparation of electoral rolls, their updation, issuance of photo identity cards to voters, re-organization or rationalization of polling stations, implementation of the Model Code of Conduct, education of voters, and many more.
Andhra Pradesh Lok Sabha Election History
Currently, the maximum number of Lok Sabha seats held is AP was by the Indian National Congress, who managed 33 out of the 42 parliamentary constituencies. Six seats are won by TDP, two by TRS, and one by the All India Majlis-e-Ittehad al Muslameen. The opposition parties constitute TDP, CPM, CPI, and BJP.
Most of the seats in the history of Lok Sabha elections in Andhra Pradesh were won by the Indian National Congress (INC). It should be kept in mind that during the first Lok Sabha election of India, held in 1951, general elections were held in Hyderabad state because the Andhra Pradesh state came into existence only on 1 November 1956. The first Lok Sabha election in Andhra Pradesh was thus held in 1957. The first dent in the parliamentary seats of INC was made by N.T. Rama Rao's newly found Telugu Desham Party (TDP) in the year 1984, the 8th General Election of India.
Parliamentary constituencies won by Indian National Congress in the consecutive general elections:
- Won 37 parliamentary constituencies in 2nd Lok Sabha election, held in 1957
- Won 34 parliamentary constituencies in 3rd Lok Sabha election, held in 1962
- Won 35 parliamentary constituencies in 4th Lok Sabha election, held in 1967
- Won 28 parliamentary constituencies in 5th Lok Sabha election, held in 1971
- Won 41 parliamentary constituencies in 6th Lok Sabha election, held in 1977
- Won 41 parliamentary constituencies in 7th Lok Sabha election, held in 1980
- Won 6 parliamentary constituencies in 8th Lok Sabha election, held in 1984
- Won 39 parliamentary constituencies in 9th Lok Sabha election, held in 1989
- Won 25 parliamentary constituencies in 10th Lok Sabha election, held in 1991
- Won 22 parliamentary constituencies in 11th Lok Sabha election, held in 1996
- Won 22 parliamentary constituencies in 12th Lok Sabha election, held in 1998
- Won 5 parliamentary constituencies in 13th Lok Sabha election, held in 1999
- Won 29 parliamentary constituencies in 14th Lok Sabha election, held in 2004
- Won 33 parliamentary constituencies in 15th Lok Sabha election, held in 2009
Parliamentary constituencies won by the Telegu Desham Party (TDP) in the consecutive general elections of India:
- Won 30 parliamentary constituencies in 8th Lok Sabha election, held in 1984
- Won 2 parliamentary constituencies in 9th Lok Sabha election, held in 1989
- Won 13 parliamentary constituencies in 10th Lok Sabha election, held in 1991
- Won 16 parliamentary constituencies in 11th Lok Sabha election, held in 1996
- Won 12 parliamentary constituencies in 12th Lok Sabha election, held in 1998
- Won 29 parliamentary constituencies in 13th Lok Sabha election, held in 1999
- Won 5 parliamentary constituencies in 14th Lok Sabha election, held in 2004
- Won 6 parliamentary constituencies in 15th Lok Sabha election, held in 2009
Parliamentary constituencies won by the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) in the consecutive general elections of India:
- Won 5 parliamentary constituencies in 14th Lok Sabha election, held in 2004
- Won 2 parliamentary constituencies in 15th Lok Sabha election, held in 2009
|Major issues and concerns
Bifurcation of State: The emergence of Telangana as a new state, which has been scheduled for 2 June 2014, will cause division of votes. While some have favoured the formation of a new state, others have described it as ‘a recipe for disaster'.
Unemployment: According to the Annual Employment & Unemployment Survey (2012-13), the state had 25% unemployment. It is noteworthy that the national average is around 5%.
President's rule in Andhra Pradesh: The resignation submitted by the Chief Minister of the state on 19 February has rendered the region politically unstable. This is also going to negatively affect development projects.
Development: To fully utilise the potential of the available resources, there is a need to accelerate development of ports in the coastal areas, and of the coastal corridor road networks in the state.
Economic security, Rural development
No. of PCs : 42
No. of Polling Days : 2
Polling Dates : 30 April (Phase 7), 7 May (Phase 8)
No. of Polling Stations : 69,014
No. of Polling Station locations : 43139
Total Electors : 6,23,85,901 (as on 8th February 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years : 16.59%
Women Electors : 49.73%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate : Rs. 70 lakhs
Andhra Pradesh Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|5||Nizamabad||GEN||Madhu Yaskhi Goud||M||INC||296504|
|5||Zahirabad||GEN||Suresh Kumar Shetkar||M||INC||395767|
|6||Medak||GEN||Vijaya Shanthi .M||F||TRS||388839|
|8||Secunderabad||GEN||Anjan Kumar Yadav||M||INC||340549|
|9||Hyderabad||GEN||Asaduddin Owaisi||M||AIMIM ||308061|
|10||Chelvella||GEN||Jaipal Reddy Sudini||M||INC||420807|
|11||Mahabubnagar||GEN||K. Chandrasekhar Rao||M||TRS||366569|
|12||Nagarkurnool||(SC)||Dr. Manda Jagannath||M||INC||422745|
|13||Nalgonda||GEN||Gutha Sukender Reddy||M||INC||493849|
|14||Bhongir||GEN||Komatireddy Raj Gopal Reddy||M||INC||504103|
|17||Khammam||GEN||Nama Nageswara Rao||M||TDP||469368|
|18||Araku||(ST)||Kishore Chandra Suryanarayana Deo Vyricherla||M||INC||360458|
|19||Srikakulam||GEN||Killi Krupa Rani||F||INC||387694|
|20||Vizianagaram||GEN||Jhansi Lakshmi Botcha||F||INC||411584|
|25||Rajahmundry||GEN||Aruna Kumar Vundavalli||M||INC||357449|
|26||Narsapuram||GEN||Kavuri Sambasiva Rao||M||INC||389422|
|27||Eluru||GEN||Konakalla Narayana Rao||M||INC||423777|
|28||Machilipatnam||GEN||Lagadapati Raja Gopal||M||TDP||409936|
|30||Guntur||GEN||Modugula Venugopala Reddy||M||INC||403937|
|32||Bapatla||(SC)||Magunta Srinivasulu Reddy||F||INC||460757|
|34||Nandyal||GEN||Kotla Jaya Surya Prakash Reddy||M||INC||400023|
|35||Kurnool||GEN||Anantha Venkata Rami Reddy||M||INC||382668|
|38||Kadapa||GEN||Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy||M||YSRCP||542611|
|39||Nellore||GEN||Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy||M||YSRCP||430235|
|41||Rajampet||GEN||Annayyagari Sai Prathap||M||INC||423910|
Last Updated on December : March 28, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh