Assam Lok Sabha Elections 2014
A frontier province of India, Assam is located in the northeastern part of the country. In the North and the East, the state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, respectively.
Towards the south lie Mizoram, Nagaland and Manipur. In the West of Assam, is Bangladesh and towards the southwest lies Bengal. A blend of diverse culture, Assam is an important state when it comes to national politics. For instance, with the Look East policy, Assam assumes great significance both at the state and the centre as a prominent northeastern state. It will soon be the passage to southeast Asian countries after the opening of the Stilwell Road that will connect India to China, opening the roads to trade.
Member Representation at the Centre
Assam sends 14 Members of Parliament to the Centre. The State Legislative Assembly of Assam is unicameral in nature and consists of 126 members.
The First State Legislative Assembly Election took place in 1952. The Indian National Congress emerged as the winning party with Bishnu Ram Medhi as the Chief Minister. The Congress continued to be in power from 1957 to 1972, with Bishnu Ram Medhi, Bimala Prasad Chaliha, Mohendra Mohan Choudhury, and Sarat Chandra Sinha as the CMs. The Sixth Assembly election held in 1978 saw the emergence of the Janata Party, Communist Party of India and Plains Tribals Council of Assam. In the Seventh Assembly elections in 1983, the Indian National Congress came back to power with Hiteswar Saikia as the CM. The Eighth Assembly election in 1985 saw the emergence of a new party, Asom Gana Parishad and Prafulla Kumar Mahanta as the Chief Minister. In the Ninth Assembly elections in 1991, the INC was the winning party. After the 10th Assembly Elections in 1996, Asom Gana Parishad, CPI and the United Minorities Front came together to form the government with Prafulla Kumar Mahanta as the Chief Minister. In the 11th Assembly elections held in 2001, Congress emerged as the winning party with Tarun Gogoi as the CM. After the 2006 election, the government was formed by Congress and Bodoland People's Front. Tarun Gogoi was nominated as the Chief Minister, who continued term in the next assembly elections also.
If we look at the Lok Sabha elections, the First Lok Sabha Election was held in Assam in 1951. The Indian National Congress was the winning party. The Congress party continued to be the winning party in 1957, 1962, 1967, 1971, 1977, and 1980 LS elections. In the 1985 elections, Asom Gana Parishad emerged as the winning party. In the Lok Sabha elections that followed in the years 1991, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004 and 2009, the Indian National Congress continued to be the winning party, projecting a stronghold over the state.
Ruling Party and the Constitution of the Current Government
The current government is led by the Indian National Congress in coalition with the All India United democratic Front (AIUDF). Tarun Gogoi is the Chief Minister.
Major Political Parties in Assam
|Name of the Party||Number of Seats|
|Indian National Congress||78|
|All India United Democratic Front||18|
|Bodoland Peoples Front||12|
|Asom Gana Parishad||10|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||5|
|All India Trinamool Congress||1|
Assam has a fair representation of national parties as well as regional parties. The national parties are:
Regional Parties in Assam:
- Indian National Congress
- Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF)
- Bodoland Peoples Front
- Asom Gana Parishad
Top Political Leaders in Assam
2014 Opinion Poll: Assam
- Tarun Gogoi: Tarun Gogoi is the current Chief Minister of Assam. He has been the Member of Parliament to the Lok Sabha six times and as a Member of the Legislative Assembly for four terms. He began his political career as the Joint Secretary of the All India Congress Committee in 1976. In 2001, Gogoi was elected as the Chief Minister of Assam. Since then, he has led the INC to victory in three consecutive elections.
- Prafulla Kumar Mahanta: Parfulla Kumar Mahanta served as the Chief Minister of Assam from 1985-1990 and 1996-2001. He was the President of Asom Gana Parishad (AGP). In 2005, after being terminated from AGP, he created a new party called the Asom Gana Parishad (Progressive).
- Hiteswar Saikia: Hiteswar Saikia served as the Chief Minister of Assam for two terms, from 1983-85 and 1991-1996. He is known as a stern politician, who was also a staunch opponent of militancy. His work in the field of education is still lauded.
- Badruddin Ajmal: Badruddin Ajmal is the founding president of All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) party, formed to protect and represent the minority groups in Assam. He first launched this party in Assam and other parts in India. In the 2006 LS elections, his party won 10 seats, with a large margin. In 2011, AIUDF emerged as the largest Opposition Party in Assam after winning 18 seats. AIUDF is a part of the current government in coalition with the Congress party.
The major players in Assam are from the Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress, All India United Democratic Front and Asom Gana Parishad. The Congress is expected to gain, and an AIUDF and Congress alliance is likely to keep the opposition at bay. Indian National Congress is expected to win nine seats, BJP three seats and AIUDF two seats.
No. of PCs: 14
No. of Polling Days: 3
Polling Dates: 07 April (Phase 1), 12 April (Phase 4), 24 April (Phase 6)
No. of Polling Stations: 24,275
No. of Polling Station locations: 16,606
Total Electors: 18,722,325 (as on 12th February 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years: 16.6%
Women Electors: 48.2%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate : Rs. 70 lakhs
|Major issues and concerns
As per the report of the National Crimes Record Bureau, among the Northeastern States, Assam recorded the most number of corruption cases during 2000-09, with zero recovery.
There is an immediate need to develop health related services in the state as the state records a high Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). Also, a large number of infants fail to survive for more than a year due to poor immunity.
Development, Immigrants, and Tribal Communities
Assam Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|1||Karimganj||(SC)||Lalit Mohan Suklabaidya||M||INC||259717|
|3||Autonomous District||(ST)||Biren Singh||M||INC||197835|
|5||Kokrajhar||(ST)||Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary||M||B P Front||495211|
|9||Tezpur||GEN||Joseph Toppo||M||Asom Gana Parishad||352246|
|12||Jorhat||GEN||Bijoy Krishna Handique||M||INC||362320|
|13||Dibrugarh||(ST)||Paban Singh Ghatowar||M||INC||359163|
||Parliamentary Constituencies in Assam
||Parliamentary Constituencies of India