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Bihar General (Lok Sabha) Elections 2014

Bihar General Election Results


Map of Bihar Parliamentary Constituencies

Bihar Parliamentary Constituencies Valmiki Nagar Paschim Champaran Sheohar Sitamarhi Madhubani Lok Sabha Jhanjharpur Lok Sabha Supaul Lok Sabha Araria Lok Sabha Kishanganj Lok Sabha Katihar Lok Sabha Purnia Lok Sabha Madhepura Lok Sabha Darbhanga Lok Sabha Muzaffarpur Vaishali Lok Sabha Purvi Champaran Gopalgang LOk Sabha Siwan Lok Sabha Maharajganj Lok Sabha Saran Lok Sabha Hajipur Lok Sabha Ujiarpur Lok Sabha Samastipur Lok Sabha Begusarai Lok Sabha Khagaria Lok Sabha Bhagalpur Lok Sabha Banka Lok Sabha Jamui Lok Sabha Munger Lok Sabha Nalanda Lok Sabha Patna Sahib Lok Sabha Pataliputra Lok Sabha Arah LOk Sabha Buxar Lok Sabha Sasaram Lok Sabha Karakat Lok Sabha Jhanabad Lok Sabha Gaya Lok Sabha Aurangabad Lok Sabha Nawada Lok Sabha
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Bihar General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout
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Bihar General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout
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*Map Showing Bihar General Elections 2014 - Voters Turnout. Disclaimer


Bihar Lok Sabha Election 2014 Dates

*Bihar polling dates: 10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)

PC No.PC NameCategoryIssue of NotificationLast Date for filing NominationsScrutiny of NominationsLast date for withdrawal of CandidaturePolling DateCounting of VotesDate before which the election shall be Completed
1Valmiki NagarGEN17 April24 April25 April28 April12 May16 May28 May
2Paschim ChamparanGEN17 April24 April25 April28 April12 May16 May28 May
3Purvi ChamparanGEN17 April24 April25 April28 April12 May16 May28 May
4SheoharGEN12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
5SitamarhiGEN12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
6MadhubaniGEN2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
7JhanjharpurGEN2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
8SupaulGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
9ArariaGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
10KishanganjGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
11KatiharGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
12PurniaGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
13MadhepuraGEN2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
14DarbhangaGEN2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
15MuzaffarpurGEN12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
16VaishaliGEN17 April24 April25 April28 April12 May16 May28 May
17Gopalganj(SC)17 April24 April25 April28 April12 May16 May28 May
18SiwanGEN17 April24 April25 April28 April12 May16 May28 May
19MaharajganjGEN12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
20SaranGEN12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
21Hajipur(SC)12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
22UjiarpurGEN12 April19 April21 April23 April7 May16 May28 May
23Samastipur(SC)2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
24BegusaraiGEN2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
25KhagariaGEN2 April9 April10 April12 April30 April16 May28 May
26BhagalpurGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
27BankaGEN29 Mar5 April7 April9 April24 April16 May28 May
28MungerGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
29NalandaGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
30Patna SahibGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
31PataliputraGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
32ArrahGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
33BuxarGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
34Sasaram(SC)13 Mar20 Mar21 Mar24 Mar10 April16 May28 May
35KarakatGEN13 Mar20 Mar21 Mar24 Mar10 April16 May28 May
36JahanabadGEN19 Mar26 Mar27 Mar29 Mar17 April16 May28 May
37AurangabadGEN13 Mar20 Mar21 Mar24 Mar10 April16 May28 May
38Gaya(SC)13 Mar20 Mar21 Mar24 Mar10 April16 May28 May
39NawadaGEN13 Mar20 Mar21 Mar24 Mar10 April16 May28 May
40Jamui(SC)13 Mar20 Mar21 Mar24 Mar10 April16 May28 May






Located in the eastern part of India, Bihar is surrounded by West Bengal in the east and Uttar Pradesh in the west. In the north, the state is bordered by Nepal and in the south by Jharkhand. In 2000, the southern part of Bihar was sub-divided and the state of Jharkhand was born.

Member Representation at the Centre

Bihar sends 40 Members of Parliament to the Lok Sabha. The State Legislative Assembly is bicameral in nature and has a strength of 243 members.

Major Political Parties in Bihar

The national parties that have a presence in Bihar are:
  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
  • Indian National Congress (INC)
  • Janata Dal (United) (JDU)
  • The regional parties include:
  • Lok Janshakti Party
  • Bihar People's Party
  • Bharatiya Jan Congress
  • Rashtriya Janata Dal
  • Bihar Vikas Party
  • Kisan Vikas Party
  • Sampurna Vikas Dal
  • Krantikari Samyavadi Party
  • Samajwadi Krantikari Sena
  • Rashtrawadi Kisan Sanghatan.

Election history

The first assembly election was held in 1951 with the Indian National Congress (INC) emerging as the winning party. Sri Krishna Sinha was nominated as the Chief Minister. The INC continued to have a stronghold for more than two decades. During this period, the state saw about 16 Chief Ministers. Some of them were Deep Narayan Singh, Krishana Ballabh Sahay, Bhola Paswan Shashtri, Satish Prasad Singh, Abdul Gafoor, and Jagannath Mishra. In the Seventh Assembly election held in 1977, Janata Party emerged as the winner. In the 8th Assembly Election, INC came back to power and continued to be in power in the 9th assembly session also. In the tenth assembly elections held in 1990, Janata Dal came to power with Laloo Prasad Yadav as the Chief Minister, and he continued to hold office in the eleventh assembly session. In the 12th Assembly Election held in 2000, the Rashtriya Janata Dal came to power with Rabri Devi as the CM. President's Rule was imposed in the thirteenth assembly elections. In the fourteenth elections held in 2005, Janata Dal (United) and Bharatiya Janata Party came together to form the government with Nitish Kumar as the Chief Minister. The government continues till date even after the fifteenth assembly elections in 2010.

Coming to the Lok Sabha elections, the first election was held in 1951 with INC as the winning party. The INC continued to be the winning party in the Lok Sabha elections till 1989. In the twelfth and the thirteenth Lok Sabha Elections held in 1998 and 1999, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) formed the government. In the fourteenth Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, United Progressive Alliance was the winning party, while NDA again came back to power in 2009.

The Constitution of the Current Government

The current government is run by a National Democratic Alliance formed by the coalition between the JD(U) and the BJP. They had managed to win 206 seats out of 243. The government is led by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar.

Top Political Leaders

  • Nitish Kumar : A member of the Janata Dal (United), Nitish Kumar is the current Chief Minister of Bihar, in power since 2005. He is credited to have initiated a series of development programmes in Bihar like building roads, appointing teachers in schools, appointing doctors in primary health centers, reducing crime rate in the state. In 1989, he had briefly held the post of Union Minister of State for Agriculture.

  • Laloo Prasad Yadav : He began his political career as a student and was a member of the Janata Party. In 1977, he was elected as the Member of Lok Sabha. From 1990 to 1997, he was the Chief Minister of Bihar. He had to resign from the post because of the various corruption charges that were levied against him. In 1997, he went on to form the RJD party. He was also the Minister of Railways from 2004 - 09. In 2013, he was found guilty in the Fodder scam and was convicted to five years of imprisonment.

  • Ram Vilas Paswan : He is the President of the Lok Janshakti Party and a Rajya Sabha member. In 1989, he was appointed as the Union Minister of Labour and Welfare. In 1996, he became the Union Railway Minister. In 1999, he became the Union Communications Minister. Then he was in the Coal ministry from 2001 - 02. It was in 2000 that he broke away from Janata Dal (United) to form the Lok Janshakti Party.

  • Sushil Kumar Modi : A member of BJP, Sushil Kumar Modi became a Lok Sabha member in 2004. Currently he is the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar. He also holds the Finance Minister portfolio, along with a number of other portfolios.

  • Shatrughan Sinha : A famous actor and a BJP leader, he has won the parliamentary elections from Patna Sahib, Bihar. He has been a member of the Rajya Sabha for two terms. He has also served as the Union Cabinet Minister of Health and Family Welfare (Jan 2003 - May 2004) and the Shipping Ministry in Aug 2004.

  Election Highlights  
Quick Facts No. of PCs: 40
No. of Polling Days: 6
Polling Dates: 10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6), 30 April (Phase 7), 07 May (Phase 8), 12 May (Phase 9)
No. of Polling Stations: 59,807
No. of Polling Station locations: 45,797
Total Electors: 6,21,08,447 (as on 14th Feb 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 29 years: 15.86%
Women Electors: 46.71%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate : Rs. 70 lakhs
Major issues and concerns GDP growth: As per recent data, the state has recorded a GDP growth of 8.82% in 2013-14, while in 2012-13 it was 15.05%. This decline is a cause of concern as Bihar is still much below its potential and can keep growing at a faster rate.

Maoism: The state has witnessed a major attack by the CPI (Maoist) when the insurgents looted ammunition and arms from the police of Bihar. It was the biggest loot of 2013 in India by the Maoists.

NDA-JD (U) split: The breaking up of this 17-year-old alliance may affect the political status of major political parties like the JD (U) and the BJP in the state.

Other issues
Unemployment, Poverty, and Illiteracy


Bihar Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009



PC No.PC NameCategoryWinning CandidateGenderPartyTotal Votes
1Valmiki NagarGENBaidyanath Prasad MahtoMJD(U)277696
2Paschim ChamparanGENDr. Sanjay JaiswalMBJP198781
3Purvi ChamparanGENRadha Mohan SinghMBJP201114
4SheoharGENRama DeviFBJP233499
5SitamarhiGENArjun RoyMJD(U)232782
6MadhubaniGENHukmadeo Narayan YadavMBJP164094
7JhanjharpurGENMangani Lal MandalMJD(U)265175
8SupaulGENVishwa Mohan KumarMJD(U)313677
9ArariaGENPradeep Kumar SinghMBJP282742
10KishanganjGENMohammad Asrarul HaqueMINC239405
11KatiharGENNikhil Kumar ChoudharyMBJP269834
12PurniaGENUday SinghMBJP362952
13MadhepuraGENSharad YadavMJD(U)370585
14DarbhangaGENKirti AzadMBJP239268
15MuzaffarpurGENCaptain Jai Narayan Prasad NishadMJD(U)195091
16VaishaliGENRaghuvansh Prasad SinghMRJD284479
17Gopalganj(SC)Purnmasi RamMJD(U)200024
18SiwanGENOm Prakash YadavMIND236194
19MaharajganjGENUma Shanaker SinghMRJD211610
20SaranGENLalu PrasadMRJ D274209
21Hajipur(SC)Ram Sundar DasMJD(U)246715
22UjiarpurGENAswamedh DeviFJD(U)180082
23Samastipur(SC)Maheshwar HazariMJD(U)259458
24BegusaraiGENDr. Monazir HassanMJD(U)205680
25KhagariaGENDinesh Chandra YadavMJD(U)266964
26BhagalpurGENSyed Shahnawaz HussainMBJP228384
27BankaGENPutul Kumari,Smt.FINDNull
28MungerGENRajiv Ranjan SinghMJD(U)374317
29NalandaGENKaushalendra KumarMJD(U)299155
30Patna SahibGENShatrughan SinhaMBJP316549
31PataliputraGENRanjan Prasad YadavMJD(U)269298
32ArrahGENMeena SinghFJD(U)212726
33BuxarGENJagada Nand SinghMRJ D132614
34Sasaram(SC)Meira KumarFINC192213
35KarakatGENMahabali SinghMJD(U)196946
36JahanabadGENJagdish SharmaMJD(U)234769
37AurangabadGENSushil Kumar SinghMJD(U)260153
38Gaya(SC)Hari ManjhiMBJP246255
39NawadaGENBhola SinghMBJP130608
40Jamui(SC)Bhudeo ChoudharyMJD(U)178560


  Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar  
PC No.PC NamePC No.PC Name
1Valmiki Nagar21Hajipur
2Paschim Champaran22Ujiarpur
3Purvi Champaran23Samastipur
4Sheohar24Begusarai
5Sitamarhi25Khagaria
6Madhubani26Bhagalpur
7Jhanjharpur27Banka
8Supaul28Munger
9Araria29Nalanda
10Kishanganj30Patna Sahib
11Katihar31Pataliputra
12Purnia32Arrah
13Madhepura33Buxar
14Darbhanga34Sasaram
15Muzaffarpur35Karakat
16Vaishali36Jahanabad
17Gopalganj37Aurangabad
18Siwan38Gaya
19Maharajganj39Nawada
20Saran40Jamui





Last Updated on : June 18, 2014