Jharkhand has a unicameral government with 82 members, where 81 are elected and one is nominated by the Governor. The state represents 14 seats in the Lok Sabha and six seats in the Rajya Sabha. Of the 14 Lok Sabha seats, five are reserved for Scheduled Tribe (ST) candidates, and one is reserved for Scheduled Caste (SC) candidate.
The people of Jharkhand have over the years expressed the need for better governance in the state, a permanent solution to the rising issues of Naxalism, better education and health infrastructure.
Ruling Party and the Constitution
Though the Governor is the constitutional head of the state, the real executive powers lie in the hands of the Chief Minister and the Cabinet. The current Governor of Jharkhand is Syed Ahmed, who was elected on 4 September 2011. The incumbent Chief Minister Hemant Soren, representing the JMM, has ruled the state since 13 July 2013.
Since its creation in 2000, the state of Jharkhand has witnessed a lot of political volatility. Three State Assembly Elections have taken place till date with the BJP and JMM dominating the political circuit. The first Assembly Elections saw the BJP govern the state and gave two chief ministers in two years, Babulal Marandi and Arjun Munda. The next elections in 2005, saw the BJP and JMM align till September 2006. JMM's Shibu Soren and BJP's Arjun Munda governed the state. This was followed by a Madhu Koda-led government till August 2008, which has the support of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government. JMM's Shibu Soren was then brought back for a brief while, before the state was imposed with the President's rule. The 2009 Assembly Elections saw the JMM and BJP join forces with both parties alternating power. This period brought the state under President's rule twice, in 2010 and in 2013. The current government has been in power since 13 July 2013 and is led by JMM's Hemant Soren.
The 16th Lok Sabha elections will be the state's second parliamentary polls. The 2004 Lok Sabha election saw the INC bag six seats at the Centre, with the JMM at a close second with four seats. The BJP bagged only one seat. In 2009, fortunes turned for the BJP, which clinched eight seats.
Politics in Jharkhand is dominated by the Indian National Congress (INC), the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) and the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD).
Prominent Political Leaders
- Jharkhand Mukti Morcha : Led by Shibu Soren, JMM is an influential party not only in Jharkhand but in neighbouring states as well. The party, which was earlier aligned along with the BJP, is currently presided over by Wasim Akram Khan. Hemant Soren, the present Chief Minister of Jharkhand, belongs to the JMM.
- Bharatiya Janata Party: Currently presided over by Dr. Ravindra Kumar Rai, the BJP's state unit in Jharkhand has been in and out of power since the state's formation in 2000. Arjun Munda has led the party in the state on three occasions.
- Indian National Congress: The Jharkhand Pradesh Congress Committee is a wing of the Indian National Congress in the state. Led by Sukdev Bhagat, the party aims to make a mark in the state .
- Shibu Soren : The current President of the JMM, Shibu Soren has been a significant face in Jharkhand politics. The third Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Soren also served as the Minister of Coal in the Union Cabinet in November 2006. During his stint, a Delhi District Court found him guilty on charges of murder of his private secretary in 1994, making him the first Union Minister to be convicted for murder.
- Arjun Munda : A prominent BJP leader and a former Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Munda began his political career with the Jharkhand movement, which saw the demand for a separate state especially by the tribals. Currently, he is the Leader of Opposition in the State Assembly.
- Hemant Soren : The incumbent Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Hemant is the son of Shibu Soren. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 2009 to 2010. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of the state on 13 July 2013, after a brief period of President's rule. He is the youngest Chief Minister of a state in India.
CEO Jharkhand website
Legislative Bodies India website (Jharkhand)
No. of PCs: 14
No. of Polling Days: 3
Polling Dates: 10 April (Phase 3), 17 April (Phase 5), 24 April (Phase 6)
No. of Polling Stations: 24,648
No. of Polling Station locations: 18,627
Total Electors: 1,99,58,394 (as on 9th January 2014)
Electors in Age Group 18 to 25 years: 20.88%
Women Electors: 47.34%
Poll Expenditure Limit per Candidate : Rs. 70 lakhs
Jharkhand Parliamentary Constituency Winners 2009
|PC No.||PC Name||Category||Winning Candidate||Gender||Party||Total Votes|
|2||Dumka||(ST)||Shibu Soren||M||J M Morcha||208518|
|4||Chatra||GEN||Inder Singh Namdhari||M||IND||108336|
|5||Kodarma||GEN||Babulal Marandi||M||JVM (Prajatantrik)||199462|
|6||Giridih||GEN||Ravindra Kumar Pandey||M||BJP||233435|
|7||Dhanbad||GEN||Pashupati Nath Singh||M||BJP||260521|
|8||Ranchi||GEN||Subodh Kant Sahay||M||INC||310499|
|9||Jamshedpur||GEN||Arjun Munda||M||JVM (P) ||319620|
|13||Palamu||(SC)||Kameshwar Baitha||M||J M Morcha||167995|
Last Updated on : June 18, 2014
||Parliamentary Constituencies in Jharkhand