Punjab is a well-known state in India that is located at the northwest end of the country. This state has gained recognition as the land of five rivers. The five rivers are Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab and Jhelum. The state of Punjab acts as a clear demarcation of India from the neighboring country of Pakistan. The major cities that form an integral part of the state include Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr, Bathinda and Anandpur Sahib. Apart from the aforementioned cities, Kapurthala Tarn Taran Sahib and Patiala also are situated in the state of Punjab. This state is primarily agriculture-based due to the presence of abundant waters and fertile soils.
Punjab is situated in the northwestern corner of the country. It is bounded on the north by the Indian state of , on the east by Himachal Pradesh and the Union territory of Chandigarh, on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan, and on the west by Pakistan. The city of Chandigarh is the joint administrative capital of Punjab and Haryana.
As far as the geographic aspect remains concerned, it is possible to claim that the state of Punjab is located in the northwestern part of India encompassing a total area of approximately 50, 362 square kilometers. The latitudinal and longitudinal extension of the state covers 29.30 degrees north to 32.32 degrees north and 73.55 degrees east to 76.50 degrees east respectively. The major portion of the state is situated in an alluvial plain and fertile plain. The fact that there are many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system augurs well for the agricultural sector. However, it needs to be mentioned that the southwest part of the state is semiarid and finally merges well along with the Thar Desert. You can always find the Shiwalik Hills to merge well along the northeastern part of the state. The Shiwalik Hills extend till the foot of the Himalayan Mountains.
Punjab - Facts
Below is a table representing important facts about Punjab.
|Facts on Punjab|
|Population (2011 Census)||2,77,04,236|
|Area (sq. km)||50362|
|Females per 1000 males (2011)||893|
|Literacy rate (2011)||76.68%|
|Ratio of urban population (2011)||37.49%|
Punjab is one of the few states that have gained recognition as one of the leading states in the education system. A recent survey has brought to light the fact that Punjab has responded in an active manner to that of the 'Sarva Shiksha Program' - a national expedition that primarily makes an effort to drive illiteracy. It indeed is an encouraging aspect that owing to the continuous effort made on the part of the Indian government, the present literacy rate stands at seventy seven percent. There can indeed be no second thought to the fact that the tireless and continuous effort made on the part of both the central as well as the state government, quality education has been imparted to a majority of all individuals. The education system is managed in a hierarchical form. The three tiers that exist in the primary education include primary education, secondary education and college education.
Economy and infrastructure
The state of Punjab has also gained true recognition among all individuals due to the presence of forestry, tourism, agriculture, industries and minerals. Livestock is also one of the other key highlights of the state. However, the state of Punjab has scarcity as far as basic minerals and fuels remain concerned. This is one of the prime factors behind the poor rate of industrial development. Agriculture has been always a strong point as far as the economy of the state remains concerned. The state has indeed made a huge impact in the overall economy of the country as far as production of wheat is concerned. A few of the agriculture-based industries you can always associate with the state include paper, wood, beverages and food products.More Detail >>
The state boasts of sikhs occupying more than sixty percent of the entire population. Some of the other communities that form a major part of the state include Hindu, Jains, Muslims, Christians and many other communities. A large part of the Sikh community that forms an integral part of the state comprise of the Jat Sikhs. In the year 2011, the population of the state was 27,704,236. No less than twenty percent of the entire population of the state has migrated from different regions in India. There is a constant decline in the sex ratio. The survey reveals the fact that the sex ratio has witnessed a significant drop in the last twenty years.
Society and Culture
The culture of the state of Punjab is diverse. The culture of the state bears a true reflection of the multidimensional heritage pertaining to the ancient civilizations. A majority of all tourists is equally fascinated in coming to terms with the unique charm that the festivals of the state reflect. A few of the prime ingredients that prove to be an integral part of the festival include popular dance forms, fun-loving folktales and flamboyant clothes. The festivals boast of their own unique charisma and features different forms of recreational activities such as Baisakhi, Bhangra and Gidda. A majority of all the festivals that associate with the state of Punjab bears a true reflection of immense energy.The festivals and culture seem to delight one and all tourists who plan to visit the beautiful land. The contemporary pleasures that you can relate to this particular state are a few of the other reasons behind the state being as the ultimate paradise of a majority of all tourists.More Detail >>
There can be least denying the fact that Punjab is not far behind as far as tourism remains concerned. The fact that the Indian city of Punjab boasts of history, cuisine and culture are a few of the prime reasons as to why tourists are more than excited in visiting the state. A few of the cities that experience excellent tourist transportation include Patiala, Jalandhar, Amritsar and Ludhiana. The healthy public transportation of the state is one of the other motivating factors behind the increase in the number of tourists, thus thronging every city of the state. Tourists can expect to gain the ultimate thrill of a number of motivating factors including history, spirituality, culture and an ancient civilization. A few of the other attractions that seem to delight every concerned tourist include shrines, temples, historic battle sites and mesmerizing examples of Sikh architecture.More Detail >>
Hotels in Punjab
The State has hotels of star and non star category catering to the needs of the tourists visiting Punjab. Besides it has resorts, restaurants and cafes which cater to the needs of all segment of travelers.
You need to understand that Punjabi language holds its origin from the ancient language of Sanskrit. It is similar to that of the many Indo-Aryan languages that hold the same origin. There are many dialects that associate with the Punjabi language. However, the dialects that remain associated with the language holds the affair degree of similarity to one another. Every speaker can easily grasp the other dialects. Some of the major dialects spoken in Punjab include Majhi, Pwadhi, Malwi and Doabi. The most important dialect of the state is Majhi. More than ninety three percent of individuals who speak Punjabi as their first language reside in Pakistan and India. There can be no second thought to the fact that it indeed is also one of the widely spoken native languages in Pakistan. The western Punjabi dialects include Riasti, Shah Puri, Pahari, Pothohari, Multani and Derawali.
The different modes of transport are cycle-rickshaws, buses, taxis and auto-rickshaws. The aforementioned modes of transportation have indeed proved to be of immense help for the people residing in India. Tourists can also benefit to a great extent by enjoying perfect accessibility to different parts of the state. The main mode of transportation that a majority of all individuals resort to includes railways and roadways. If you are interested in travelling from one particular city to the other, there can be no better option as compared to trains. However, it needs to be made clear that intra-city train facility is not available in the state.
Last Upadted on : 15/07/2013