The state of Punjab is part of the Northern fertile plains. The Punjab Area comprises the districts and cities of the state. The name Punjab is supposed to be derived from the five rivers that flow through this region. The region of Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. After the Partition of 1947, Punjab was divided into two halves. The larger half of the Punjab Area went to Pakistan and the smaller half belonging to India was further divided into three parts in 1966. They are Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
The name Punjab comes from the two Persian words, 'Panj' meaning five and 'Aab' means water. The total Area of Punjab is 50,362 sq Kilometer. It occupies 1.6 percent of the total area of India. The capital city of Punjab is the beautiful city of Chandigarh. The total number of districts in the state is 17. The total population of the state is 20,281,969 according to the census of 1991. The geographical location of the state of Punjab is 29 degrees 32 minute to 32 degrees 32 minute North Latitude and 73 degree 55 minute to 76 degree 50 minute East Longitude.
The Area of Punja is divided into the following 17 districts:
- Fatehgarh Sahib
- Nawan Shehar
- Roop Nagar
The Punjab Area comprises of heterogeneous population. The present day Punjabis are mainly the Sikh Jats. They comprise the major portion of the total population of the Punjabis. The Khatris and the Aroras are also the part of the Punjabi population. There are a number of tribal classes who reside in Punjab. It will be a wonderful experience to tour Punjab and explore this culturally rich land.
Last Updated on 7 March 2013