Shimla or the 'Queen of the hills' is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. In the past, Shimla was the summer capital of the British India. Located about 2,196 meters above the sea level in the Himalayan lower ranges, the city is a popular hill resort of India surrounded by evergreen pine, cedar and oak.

Shimla is an ideal refuge for the sun fatigue travelers to this holiday spot. The name Shimla is derived from the goddess Shyamala Devi.

Shimla is a good place for people who are harum-scarums and want to involve in all sorts of adventure sports or activities such as rock climbing, angling for trout trekking and river rafting.

The majority of the population in Shimla are natives of Himachal Pradesh while the minority consists of immigrants from the neighboring country Pakistan during the partition of India. The local language used in Shimla is Pahadi, Hindi and Punjabi. Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religion but some even follow Christianity as well as Buddhism.

The city of Shimla is well connected to important states of India by road, air and rail. The capital city of Delhi is about 375 km from Shimla and connected to the city by well built road. The Shimla Airport is located about 23 kms from the city and is attended by flights of Indian Airlines during the summers. Kalka is the nearest mainline station for the people of Shimla. Picturesque toy train carry people to Shimla four times a day from Kalak.

There are numerous places of interest in Shimla, making it a favorite summer holiday destination for travelers. They are as follows:
  • Sankat Mochan lies about 7 Km from the city in the NH-22, Shimla-Kalka road is located about 1975 m above the sea level. Tourists visit this place by bus ot taxi to see the popular Lord Hanuman temple is as well as have an excellent view of Shimla town.

  • Summer Hill
    It is about 7 Km from the city located at a height of 1983 m. Himachal Pradesh University is situated in this hills.

  • The Mall
    The Mall is major shopping center of Shilma, having good quality restaurants and a Gaiety Theater. Lakkar Bazaar agjoining the Ridge is famous for its wood crafts.

  • Chadwick Falls is 7 Km from Shimla lies at a height of 1586 m. The place is surrounded by thick forests and is very near to the Summer Hill Chowk.

  • Tara Devi, the holy place of Shimla is located about 11 Km from the city and situated at a height of 1851 m above the sea level on Shimla - Kalka. The place is connected by Rail, bus and car.

    The visitors to Shimla go to the following places for excursion:

  • Naldehra:
    Situated about 23 Km from Shimla at a height of 2044 m has nine hole golf course since the British period. There is an ancient Nag temple.

  • Mashobra:
    Located about 13 km from Shimla is surrounded by thick forests. People go to visit the famous temple of Goddess Durga.

  • Sarahan:
    Located about 176 Km from the city at a height of 1950 m, it has Bhimkali Temple. Worth visiting places are Pheasant Breading Centre and stadium.

  • Tattapani:
    Located near 65 km from Shimla the place is famous for hot water springs. A Hindu temples and Shiv Goofa at Saraur are the sight seeing places.

  • Jakhoo temple:
    Located at a height of 2455 m, this temple is the highest peak of Shimla with an ancient "Lord Hanuman" temple.

Last Updated on : 29/05/2013

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