India, a Union of States, is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary System of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the constitution, which was adopted by Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950. India comprises of 28 states and seven union territories.
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The States Reorganization Act of 1956 was a primary force in reorganizing the boundaries of India's states along linguistic lines, and bringing an amendment in the Indian Constitution whereby the three types of states, known as Parts A, B, and C states, were amended with a single type of state. Though additional changes have occurred in the state boundaries since 1947, the Act is still considered as an undisputed player in providing the present shapes and contours of the Indian states. In November 2000, India gained three new states - Chattisgarhwas carved out of Madhya Pradesh
, Uttaranchal out of Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand Bihar .
The Constitution distributes legislative powers between the Parliament and state legislatures. The Parliament is bicameral - the lower house is known as the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the upper house is known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). At state level some legislatures are bicameral and are run along the lines of the two houses of the national Parliament.
A land blessed in all terms be it topography, natural beauty, population, religion culture or language India is home to twenty eight states and seven union territories. The twenty eight states and the seven union territories are all unique in their own way. Having an extraordinary history and culture all the states and union territories in India never fail to charm its visitors with their unfolding mysteries and charisma.
|State||Capital||Area||Population||Official Languages||LargestCities ||Districts|
|Population Density||Literacy Rate%||Urban Pop.|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||275,045 km2 ||84,655,533||Telugu||Hyderabad, |
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||83,743 km2 ||1,382,611||English||Itanagar||17||17 /km2||66.95||22.67||920||1987|
|Assam||Dispur||78,438 km2 ||31,169,272||Assamese||Guwahati,|
|Bihar||Patna||94,163 km2 ||103,804,637||Hindi||Patna, Gaya,|
|Chhattisgarh||Raipur||135,191 km2 ||25,540,196||Chhattisgarhi||Raipur,|
|Goa||Panaji||3,702 km2 ||1,457,723||Konkani||Panaji||2||394 /km2||87.4||62.17||968||1961|
|Gujarat||Gandhinagar||196,024 km2 ||60,383,628||Gujarati||Ahmedabad,|
|Haryana||Chandigarh||44,212 km2 ||25,353,081||Haryanvi||Faridabad,|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||55,673 km2 ||6,856,509||Hindi||Shimla ||12||123 /km2||83.78||10.04||974||1971|
|Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)||222,236 km2 ||12,548,926||Urdu||Srinagar,|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||79,714 km2 ||32,966,238||Hindi||Dhanbad,|
|Karnataka||Bengaluru||191,791 km2 ||61,130,704||Kannada||Bangalore,|
|Kerala||Trivandrum||38,863 km2 ||33,387,677||Malayalam||Trivandrum,|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||308,245 km2 ||72,597,565||Hindi||Indore,|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai||307,713 km2 ||112,372,972||Marathi||Mumbai, |
|Manipur||Imphal||22,327 km2 ||2,721,756||Meiteilon (Manipuri)||Imphal ||9||122 /km2||79.85||20.21||987||1947|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||22,429 km2 ||2,964,007||English||Shillong||11||132 /km2||75.48||20.08||986||1970|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||21,081 km2 ||1,091,014||Mizo||Aizawl ||8||52 /km2||91.58||51.51||975||1972|
|Nagaland||Kohima||16,579 km2 ||1,980,602||English||Dimapur ||11||119 /km2||80.11||28.97||931||1963|
|Odisha||Bhubaneswar||155,707 km2 ||41,947,358||Oriya||Bhubaneswar,|
|Punjab||Chandigarh||50,362 km2 ||27,704,236||Punjabi||Ludhiana,|
|Rajasthan ||Jaipur||342,239 km2 ||68,621,012||Hindi||Jaipur,|
|Sikkim ||Gangtok||7,096 km2 ||607,688||Nepali||Gangtok||4||86 /km2||82.2||24.97||889||1975|
|Tamil Nadu ||Chennai||130,058 km2 ||72,138,958||Tamil||Chennai,|
|Tripura||Agartala||10,486 km2 ||3,671,032||Bengali|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||240,928 km2 ||199,581,477||Hindi||Lucknow,|
|Uttarakhand ||Dehradun||53,483 km2 ||10,116,752||Hindi||Dehradun,|
|West Bengal ||Kolkata||88,752 km2 ||91,347,736||Bengali||Kolkata,|
|Union Territories||Capital||Area||Population||Official Languages||LargestCities ||Districts|
|Population Density||Literacy Rate%||Urban Pop.|
|Port Blair||8,249 km2 ||379,944||English||Port Blair ||3||46 /km2||86.27||35.67||878||1956|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||114 km2 ||1,054,686||Punjabi||Chandigarh||1||9,252 /km2||86.43||97.25||818||1966|
|Silvassa||491 km2 ||342,853||English||Silvassa||1||698 /km2||77.65||46.62||775||1944|
|Daman||112 km2 ||242,911||Konkani,|
|Delhi ||Delhi||11,297 km2 ||16,753,235||Hindi,|
|Lakshadweep ||Kavaratti||32 km2 ||64,429||English||Kavaratti||1||2,013 /km2||92.28||78.08||946|| |
|Pondicherry||Pondicherry||479 km2 ||1,244,464||Tamil,|
|Ozhukarai, Puducherry||4||2598 /km2||86.55||68.31||1038||1954|
Below is a brief about some of the popular states and Union Territories of India.
Situated in the Malabar Coast of India Goa is the best beach resort in India. Populated with a mix of Christians and Hindu's Goa's culture is unique in its own kind. Known as the most happening states in India Goa is home to fun loving and easy going people. The major attraction in the state is its long stretches of pristine beaches. Some of the important beaches in Goa are; Colva, Vagator, Calangute, Harmal, Anjuna and Miramar and Baga.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Popular as the Emerald Isles the Andaman and Nicobar islands situated in the Bay of Bengal is one of the popular tourist's destinations in India. The union territory is home to numerous aboriginal tribes and two distinct native cultures the Negrito and the Andamans. Known to be a friendly and cheerful lot of people the population of Andaman and Nicobar islands enjoy festivities such as Panguni, Pongal, Shivratri, Uthiram, Janmastami etc. Some of the popular tourist spots in the union territory include National Memorial, Marine Museum, Naval Marine Museum, Smrithika Museum, Haddo Zoological Garden.
Located in the southern region of India, Andhra Pradesh happens to be the third largest state in the country. Reputed for its distinct culture and fine arts Andhra Pradesh is mostly dominated by Telugu speaking people. The important festivals celebrated in the state are Dasara, Deepavali, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Sankranti and Chavithi. The places which are a definite must see in the state include Nehru Zoological Park, Hussain Sagar Lake, State Museum and Art gallery, Salarjung Museum, Ethurnagaram sanctuaries etc.
Ranked as the most charming state in India Arunachal Pradesh
is characterized by lofty mountains and snow clad peaks. Home to numerous tribes and sub tribes the population of Arunachal Pradesh consists mostly of people of Asiatic origin. The one thing that is unique about the state is its belief in animism. Beautiful as it is the state is home to several popular tourist hubs like Sinyi Bomdila, Tawang and Gyaker.
Situated in northeastern India Assam
abounds in natural beauty. The population of Assam is said to be a mix of people of Tibetan, Aryan, and Burman origins. The population of Assam is made up of numerous tribes who believe in celebrating all the religious festivals with equal vigor. However the one festival that is most popular in Assam is Bihu. Assam over the years has also developed into an important tourist destination with attractions such as Gandhi Mandap, Kamakhya Temple, Umananda, Nabagraha (Temple of nine planets), State Zoo, State Museum etc.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Lying in close proximity to the west coast of India Dadra & Nagar Haveli is home to a mass of shy and simple Adivasis. Evolving as an important hub for tourist this union territory houses numerous tourist attractions like The Tribal Cultural Museum, Khanvel, The Vanganga Lake and Island Garden.
Situated in Eastern India, Bihar boasts of a rich cultural heritage that dates back to ancient India. The people of Bihar are lively and co exists in peace and harmony. The locals are known as Bihari's and festivals celebrated in the state include Buddha Purnima, Saraswati Puja, Eid-ul-Fitr, Holi, Rath yatra, Maha Shivaratri and Mahavir Jayanti.
Apart from these the other states and union territories in India are Chhattisgarh
, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Manipur
, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu
, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal
Uttaranchal is the latest introduction to the Indian states list and is foreseen as a booming industrial region in the next few decades.
States like Manipur, Sikkim
, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland are known for their distinct culture which is very different from the rest of the country. The popular festivals celebrated in these regions include; Sekrenyi, Moatsu, Tuluni in Nagalanad, Ka Pomblang Nongkrem in Meghalaya, Chapchar Kut and Pawl Kut in Mizoram. Sikkim celebrates most of the Hindu and Buddhist festivals that are celebrated across the country and Ingol Chakouba and Yaoshang in Manipur.
Chandigarh, Jammu and Kashmir and Haryana situated in the northern part of India are known for their natural beauty and serve as ideal tourist destinations in the country. Janmastami, Idul Fitr, Lohri and Diwali are the common festivals celebrated with much enthusiasm in these parts of the country.
The southern part of India comprising Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu is of prime importance from the tourism point of view as these places attract millions of tourists from different parts of the globe.
Other important Indian states that have still manage to preserve the cultural heritage of the country include; Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, West Bengal Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh.
Last Updated on : 29/10/2013