Indian States and Union Territories


India, a Union of States, is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary System of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the constitution, which was adopted by Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950. India comprises of 28 states and seven union territories.

Click on the Map for bigger Map
Indian States and Union Territories   


The States Reorganization Act of 1956 was a primary force in reorganizing the boundaries of India's states along linguistic lines, and bringing an amendment in the Indian Constitution whereby the three types of states, known as Parts A, B, and C states, were amended with a single type of state. Though additional changes have occurred in the state boundaries since 1947, the Act is still considered as an undisputed player in providing the present shapes and contours of the Indian states. In November 2000, India gained three new states - Chattisgarhwas carved out of Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal out of Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand Bihar .

The Constitution distributes legislative powers between the Parliament and state legislatures. The Parliament is bicameral - the lower house is known as the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the upper house is known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). At state level some legislatures are bicameral and are run along the lines of the two houses of the national Parliament.

A land blessed in all terms be it topography, natural beauty, population, religion culture or language India is home to twenty eight states and seven union territories. The twenty eight states and the seven union territories are all unique in their own way. Having an extraordinary history and culture all the states and union territories in India never fail to charm its visitors with their unfolding mysteries and charisma.

StateCapitalAreaPopulationOfficial LanguagesLargestCities Districts
/Admin
divisions
Population DensityLiteracy Rate%Urban Pop.
%
Sex RatioEstb
Year
Andhra PradeshHyderabad275,045 km2 84,655,533TeluguHyderabad,
Visakhapatnam,
Vijayawada,
Guntur,
Warangal
23308 /km267.6633.499921956
Arunachal PradeshItanagar83,743 km2 1,382,611EnglishItanagar1717 /km266.9522.679201987
AssamDispur78,438 km2 31,169,272AssameseGuwahati,
Silchar,
Dibrugarh,
Nagaon
27397 /km273.1814.089541975
BiharPatna94,163 km2 103,804,637HindiPatna, Gaya,
Bhagalpur,
Muzaffarpur,
Biharsharif
381,102 /km263.8211.309161935
ChhattisgarhRaipur135,191 km2 25,540,196ChhattisgarhiRaipur,
Bhilai Nagar,
Korba,
Bilaspur,
Durg
27189 /km271.0423.249912000
GoaPanaji3,702 km2 1,457,723KonkaniPanaji2394 /km287.462.179681961
GujaratGandhinagar196,024 km2 60,383,628GujaratiAhmedabad,
Surat,
Vadodara,
Rajkot,
Bhavnagar
33308 /km279.3142.589181960
HaryanaChandigarh44,212 km2 25,353,081HaryanviFaridabad,
Gurgaon,
Rohtak,
Hisar,
Panipat
21573 /km276.6424.258771966
Himachal PradeshShimla55,673 km2 6,856,509HindiShimla 12123 /km283.7810.049741971
Jammu and
Kashmir
Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter)222,236 km2 12,548,926UrduSrinagar,
Jammu,
Anantnag
2256 /km268.7427.218831948
JharkhandRanchi79,714 km2 32,966,238HindiDhanbad,
Ranchi,
Jamshedpur,
Bokaro Steel,
Mango
24414 /km267.6324.059472000
KarnatakaBengaluru191,791 km2 61,130,704KannadaBangalore,
Hubli
and Dharwad,
Mysore,
Gulbarga,
Belgaum
30319 /km275.638.579681956
KeralaTrivandrum38,863 km2 33,387,677MalayalamTrivandrum,
Kochi,
Kozhikode,
Kollam,
Thrissur
14859 /km293.9147.7210841956
Madhya PradeshBhopal308,245 km2 72,597,565HindiIndore,
Bhopal,
Jabalpur,
Gwalior,
Ujjain
50236 /km270.6327.639301956
MaharashtraMumbai307,713 km2 112,372,972MarathiMumbai,
Pune,
Nagpur,
Thane,
Pimpri and
Chinchwad
35365 /km282.9145.239461960
ManipurImphal22,327 km2 2,721,756Meiteilon (Manipuri)Imphal 9122 /km279.8520.219871947
MeghalayaShillong22,429 km2 2,964,007EnglishShillong11132 /km275.4820.089861970
MizoramAizawl21,081 km2 1,091,014MizoAizawl 852 /km291.5851.519751972
NagalandKohima16,579 km2 1,980,602EnglishDimapur 11119 /km280.1128.979311963
OdishaBhubaneswar155,707 km2 41,947,358OriyaBhubaneswar,
Cuttack,
Brahmapur
Town,
Raurkela,
Puri
Town
30269 /km273.4516.689781948
PunjabChandigarh50,362 km2 27,704,236PunjabiLudhiana,
Amritsar,
Jalandhar,
Patiala,
Bathinda
22550 /km276.6837.498931966
Rajasthan Jaipur342,239 km2 68,621,012HindiJaipur,
Jodhpur,
Kota,
Bikaner,
Ajmer
33201 /km267.0624.899261948
Sikkim Gangtok7,096 km2 607,688NepaliGangtok486 /km282.224.978891975
Tamil Nadu Chennai130,058 km2 72,138,958TamilChennai,
Coimbatore,
Madurai,
Tiruchirappalli,
Salem
32555 /km280.3348.459951969
TripuraAgartala10,486 km2 3,671,032Bengali
and
Kokborok
Agartala8350 /km287.7526.189611956
Uttar PradeshLucknow240,928 km2 199,581,477HindiLucknow,
Kanpur,
Ghaziabad,
Agra,
Meerut
75828 /km269.7222.289081937
Uttarakhand Dehradun53,483 km2 10,116,752HindiDehradun,
Hardwar,
Haldwani
and
Kathgodam,
Rudrapur
13189 /km279.6330.559632000
West Bengal Kolkata88,752 km2 91,347,736BengaliKolkata,
Haora,
Durgapur,
Asansol,
Siliguri
191,029 /km277.0831.899471947
Union TerritoriesCapitalAreaPopulationOfficial LanguagesLargestCities Districts
/Admin
divisions
Population DensityLiteracy Rate%Urban Pop.
%
Sex RatioEstb
Year
Andaman and
Nicobar
Islands
Port Blair8,249 km2 379,944EnglishPort Blair 346 /km286.2735.678781956
ChandigarhChandigarh114 km2 1,054,686PunjabiChandigarh19,252 /km286.4397.258181966
Dadar and
Nagar
Haveli
Silvassa491 km2 342,853EnglishSilvassa1698 /km277.6546.627751944
Daman and
Diu
Daman112 km2 242,911Konkani,
Marathi
and
Gujarati
Daman22,169 /km287.0775.166181987
Delhi Delhi11,297 km2 16,753,235Hindi,
Punjabi
and
Urdu
Delhi911,297 /km286.3497.508661952
Lakshadweep Kavaratti32 km2 64,429EnglishKavaratti12,013 /km292.2878.08946 
PondicherryPondicherry479 km2 1,244,464Tamil,
English
Ozhukarai, Puducherry42598 /km286.5568.3110381954


Below is a brief about some of the popular states and Union Territories of India.

Goa



Situated in the Malabar Coast of India Goa is the best beach resort in India. Populated with a mix of Christians and Hindu's Goa's culture is unique in its own kind. Known as the most happening states in India Goa is home to fun loving and easy going people. The major attraction in the state is its long stretches of pristine beaches. Some of the important beaches in Goa are; Colva, Vagator, Calangute, Harmal, Anjuna and Miramar and Baga.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands



Popular as the Emerald Isles the Andaman and Nicobar islands situated in the Bay of Bengal is one of the popular tourist's destinations in India. The union territory is home to numerous aboriginal tribes and two distinct native cultures the Negrito and the Andamans. Known to be a friendly and cheerful lot of people the population of Andaman and Nicobar islands enjoy festivities such as Panguni, Pongal, Shivratri, Uthiram, Janmastami etc. Some of the popular tourist spots in the union territory include National Memorial, Marine Museum, Naval Marine Museum, Smrithika Museum, Haddo Zoological Garden.

Andhra Pradesh



Located in the southern region of India, Andhra Pradesh happens to be the third largest state in the country. Reputed for its distinct culture and fine arts Andhra Pradesh is mostly dominated by Telugu speaking people. The important festivals celebrated in the state are Dasara, Deepavali, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Sankranti and Chavithi. The places which are a definite must see in the state include Nehru Zoological Park, Hussain Sagar Lake, State Museum and Art gallery, Salarjung Museum, Ethurnagaram sanctuaries etc.

Arunachal Pradesh



Ranked as the most charming state in India Arunachal Pradesh is characterized by lofty mountains and snow clad peaks. Home to numerous tribes and sub tribes the population of Arunachal Pradesh consists mostly of people of Asiatic origin. The one thing that is unique about the state is its belief in animism. Beautiful as it is the state is home to several popular tourist hubs like Sinyi Bomdila, Tawang and Gyaker.

Assam (Asom)



Situated in northeastern India Assam abounds in natural beauty. The population of Assam is said to be a mix of people of Tibetan, Aryan, and Burman origins. The population of Assam is made up of numerous tribes who believe in celebrating all the religious festivals with equal vigor. However the one festival that is most popular in Assam is Bihu. Assam over the years has also developed into an important tourist destination with attractions such as Gandhi Mandap, Kamakhya Temple, Umananda, Nabagraha (Temple of nine planets), State Zoo, State Museum etc.

Dadra & Nagar Haveli



Lying in close proximity to the west coast of India Dadra & Nagar Haveli is home to a mass of shy and simple Adivasis. Evolving as an important hub for tourist this union territory houses numerous tourist attractions like The Tribal Cultural Museum, Khanvel, The Vanganga Lake and Island Garden.

Bihar



Situated in Eastern India, Bihar boasts of a rich cultural heritage that dates back to ancient India. The people of Bihar are lively and co exists in peace and harmony. The locals are known as Bihari's and festivals celebrated in the state include Buddha Purnima, Saraswati Puja, Eid-ul-Fitr, Holi, Rath yatra, Maha Shivaratri and Mahavir Jayanti.

Apart from these the other states and union territories in India are Chhattisgarh , Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu ,Tripura , Uttarakhand , Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Uttaranchal is the latest introduction to the Indian states list and is foreseen as a booming industrial region in the next few decades.

States like Manipur, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland are known for their distinct culture which is very different from the rest of the country. The popular festivals celebrated in these regions include; Sekrenyi, Moatsu, Tuluni in Nagalanad, Ka Pomblang Nongkrem in Meghalaya, Chapchar Kut and Pawl Kut in Mizoram. Sikkim celebrates most of the Hindu and Buddhist festivals that are celebrated across the country and Ingol Chakouba and Yaoshang in Manipur.

Chandigarh, Jammu and Kashmir and Haryana situated in the northern part of India are known for their natural beauty and serve as ideal tourist destinations in the country. Janmastami, Idul Fitr, Lohri and Diwali are the common festivals celebrated with much enthusiasm in these parts of the country.

The southern part of India comprising Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu is of prime importance from the tourism point of view as these places attract millions of tourists from different parts of the globe.

Other important Indian states that have still manage to preserve the cultural heritage of the country include; Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, West Bengal Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh.



Last Updated on : 29/10/2013