Vadodara became the capital of the Marathas in 1735. The Marathas ruled the city till the Independence of India in 1947. Moreover, Maharaja Sayaji Rao III was one of the most progressive Maratha rulers of Vadodara. He is said to introduce a number of civic reforms. He also established many judicial and educational institutions in the city. In 1802, the British established their supremacy over the city. The British had established a resident in the city with an aim to strengthen their relations with the Bhils and the princely states of the Kathiawar Peninsula and Gujarat. With the Independence of India in 1947, Vadodara was merged with the Indian states. Post independence, the city was merged with the state of Gujarat. Presentlu, Vadodara is a major industrial hub of glass and pharmaceutical industries. It is also renowned as a one of the centers of academic excellence.
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