The city saw a deluge of chemical industries with the establishment of Alembic Pharmaceuticals in 1907. Presently, Vadodara is known to possess some of the major chemical industries of India. Among the chemical industries located in and around the city are Indian Petrochemicals Limited (IPCL), Gujarat Dyestuff, Indian Dyestuff and Gujarat Refinery. Besides, the public sector units such as Gujarat Industries Power Company, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation and Government of India's Heavy Water Project has been established to take advantage of the chemical industries of Vadodara. These industries utilize the production process integration of the chemical industries of the city. Moreover, Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals and Gujarat State Fertilizers are some of the industries that utilize the by-products of the petroleum industries of the city.
Furthermore, the research tie-up with Maharaja Sayajirao University has largely enhanced the chemical industries of Vadodara. Panacea Biotech, Sun Pharmaceuticals and Zydus Cadilla are some of the industries that has collaboration with Maharaja Sayajirao University. Besides, the location of Vadodara has also contributed towards the industrialization of the city. The proximity of the ports of Gujarat has largely contributed towards the movement of raw materials; whereas the proximity of Mumbai has provided a trading community to the city.
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