West Bengal Information has revealed the state's topography as a mix of the fertile Gangetic plains and the littoral mangrove forests. The lofty peaks that border the states of Darjeeling, Jalapiguri and Cooch Bihar form the state's northern boundary. To the south lie the forests of Sunderbans, renowned for their Tiger Conservation Projects.
Kolkata, the capital city is popularly nicknamed the City of Joy. This city is the epicenter of the glorious Bengali tradition and is the commercial capital of eastern India. The city is situated on the banks of the river Hoogly and is a distinguished center of culture and academics.
West Bengal, the epicenter of the glorious Bengali culture is renowned for a multitude of reasons. The beautiful landscape that is a mix of the northern mountains, fertile Gangetic plains and littoral alluvial plains. The state is also noted for its cultural extravaganza, splendid architectural edifices and mouthwatering cuisine.
It encompasses an area of 88,752 sq. km and encompasses the latitudinal parallel of 22°34'11''North to 22 56'97'' North on one hand and the longitudinal meridians of 88°22'11''East to 88 36'97'' on the other. The state is flanked by Bangladesh on the east, Assam, Sikkim and Bhutan on the northeast, Orissa on the southwest, Nepal on the northwest while Jharkhand and Bihar form the western boundary.
Kolkata is the administrative, commercial, academic and cultural capital of the state that is divided into 19 districts for administrative convenience. The state ranks fourth in the country in terms of population, which is marked by a figure of 80,221,171. The local inhabitants mainly converse in Bengali. However, the cosmopolitan populace of the urban metropolis of Kolkata also speaks English and Hindi.
Dense forests occupy about 14% of the state's area. West Bengal is noted for its natural diversities. While mountains cover the northern terrains, the fertile Gangetic plains and the mangrove forests of the Sunderbans mark the southern landscape. The state's prized possessions are a wide variety of flora and fauna that include the Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephants, deer, bison, leopards, gaur, barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet and Kalij pheasants and crocodiles and variegated species of migratory and domestic birds whose harmonious twitters fill the air.
The state is divided in to nineteen districts for administrative convenience. They are:
- North 24 Parganas
- South 24 Parganas
- North Dinajpur
- South Dinajpur
West Bengal Capital
West Bengal, the epicenter of east India's industry, economy, education and culture is shrouded in history. The glorious chronicles of Kolkota, the noted West Bengal Capital, manifest the state's efflorescence.
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta was the erstwhile capital of British India. The city that is a chronicler of the life and times of several noted luminaries is popularly nicknamed the City of Joy. The urban metropolis grew out of the villages of Gobindopur, Sutanuti and Kolikata into a bustling capital city at the imitative of an East India Company's agent, Job Charnock.
With a sizable population of 15.97 million, the city of the Bengalis is the focal point of West Bengal's administration, trade and commerce and cultural extravaganza. Located on the eastern banks of the Hoogly River, Kolkata's governance is spearheaded by the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC). The urban are is gradually spreading out and statistics reveal that the Kolkata Metropolitan Area encompasses an area of 1750 sq. km and 157 postal areas. 72 cities and 527 towns and villages incorporate Kolkata city and its suburban extremities of the districts of North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly and Nadia.
Kolkata is divided into North, Central and South Kolkata. North Kolkata's narrow alley and bylanes are reminiscent of the city's glorious past. South Kolkata, which came up only after India achieved independence contains the more uptown localities. Salt Lake City and New Town are the planned and beautiful designed zones of the city. The city's industrial hub, government secretariat, General Post Office, High Court, Lalbazar Police Headquarters is located around Central Kolkata.
The cities of any state reflect the urban culture of the state. The state has a number of modern cities. Each city of a state speaks volume of the tradition and ethos of the state. The cities are unique in their own ways and they are an integral part of the state's culture at the same time.
There are a good many cities in the state of West Bengal. The major cities are as follows:
Kolkata, that was once upon a time the British capital of India, is now the capital of West Bengal. The cultural capital of the country, Kolkata is the greatest example of secularism in India. People from all quarters of the city participate with great fervor in all the events and occasions. Kolkata is a large and vibrant city that is full of life and has left its mark on every path of life.
Howrah is situated next to Kolkata and is known as the twin city of Kolkata. The city of Howrah is older than Kolkata and it is an industrial city. The majestic Ganges flows between the two cities of Kolkata and Howrah and divides the two. The eternal Howrah Bridge, on the contrary, links the two cities.
Asansol lies in the district of Bardwan and is one of the prime industrial hubs of the state. There are several tourist spots in and around the city. The city of Durgapur is again an industrial town.
Siliguri is the gateway to northern India and has loads of hill stations and beautiful places in and around the city.
The other cities like Bolpur, Bardwan and Hoogly are also unique in their own way
Districts of West Bengal
West Bengal, the gateway to eastern India is renowned for its rich cultural legacy and mind-blowing natural rhapsodies. As per statistics, West Bengal possesses 19 districts that have been formed to take care of the administrative exigencies.
Out of the 19 districts, the capital city Kolkata holds a special place. Kolkata, the erstwhile capital of British India is aptly nicknamed the City of Joy. The urban metropolis, situated on the Hoogly River is the administrative, industrial, economic and cultural capital of West Bengal.
Another noteworthy district, Bankura, lying on the banks of the Dhaleshwari (Dhalkisor) River is marked by dense jungle-clad hills. The district has a substantial tribal population who mainly depend upon agriculture for their subsistence.
Birbhum with its district headquarters at Suri is at the epicenter of Bengali culture. The great Nobel laureate, Rabindarnath Tagore spent a great many years of his life in the district's bucolic surroundings and established the distinguished Viswa Bharati at Santiniketan.
Barddhaman is a relatively urban and industrially developed district that is popularly called the granary of West Bengal. The district is at the forefront of the state's agriculture, industry, and mining. The prosperous coalfields and the Damodar Valley Corporation contribute substantially to the state's industrial activity.
Cooch Behar, sited in the hilly terrains of North Bengal has its headquarters at Cooch Behar Town. The town, centered around the sparkling Sagardighi Lake was an eminent princely state. Even today, hordes of tourists flock to visit its historically significant Maharaja's palace.
The district of Howrah is famous for being the home for the state's oldest engineering college, the largest railway station and a wonderful Botanical Garden, beside many other things. There are also many agricultural and industrial activities going on in the district.
On the west bank of the river Hoogly lies the District of Howrah. The Howrah City within this district is the second largest city of West Bengal. The city is connected to Kolkata, the state capital by the widely used Howrah and Hoogly bridges.
The Howrah Bridge has probably been the most used symbol for both Kolkata and Howrah. It is known to be the busiest bridge in the world. The formal name of the bridge is Rabindra Setu. It was built in the year 1943. This bridge connects the Howrah Station to the Kolkata city.
There are two major tourist spots in the District of Howrah. They are Uluberia and Gadiara. Many tourists visit these places during the winter months. The other places of much interest are the Belur Math and the Indian Botanical Garden.
Howrah is connected to most of the important cities of the country by national highways. It also has one of the most important railway stations of the country and is connected to almost every part of India by more than hundred of trains. The nearest airport is the international airport in Kolkata. From there various road transports are available to reach you to Howrah.
The city of Howrah is also known as Kolkata's twin city. It functions as the headquarters of the District of Howrah.
Jalpiguri is one of the most visited districts of the state because of the presence some of the most attractive tourist spots. Some of the major rivers that cut through the district are Teesta, Dyna, Neora, Torsa, Sankosh and Jaldhaka. A large stretch of the land in the north of the District of Jalpaiguri is bordered by Bhutan.
This district is rich in scope for tourism. But a large portion of Jalpaiguri District is still unexplored. There are many Wildlife Sanctuaries, Tea Gardens and National Parks in the different parts of this district. The ancient temples of Jatileswar and Jalpeswar also attract many tourists to the District of Jalpaiguri.
Places of Interest in Jalpaiguri are
Chilapata and Totopara are also two important tourist spots in the District of Jalpaiguri.
Kolkata, the capital city of West Bengal has plenty to speak of. The erstwhile capital of British India is a bustling urban metropolis today. Popularly known as the City of the Joy, the City of Rabindranath Tagore, Mother Tersea and Satyajit Ray has witnessed the life and times of various luminaries.
Kolkata gained prominence when Job Charnock form the East India Company proposed the city as an appropriate British settlement. Lying on the eastern banks of the Hoogly River, the city was formed by the integration of the three villages of Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. The city was known as Calcutta until sometime back and was the center of the legendary Bengali culture and cuisine.
The city lies in the tropical belt and encompasses the latitudinal parallel of 22?82' North and the longitudinal meridian of 88?20' east, respectively. The Kolkata Municipal Corporation's statistical estimates have recorded the city's population at 4.58 million as of the year 2004. The urban metropolis has a cosmopolitan structure where people speak Hindi, English, Urdu as well as the regional language, Bengali.
Kolkata is a historically eminent city that bears a hallmark of the oppressive British Rule. The city is flooded with tourists, pilgrims as well as youths seeking employment opportunities. The city boasts of several noteworthy landmarks and historic sites that deserve to be visited. They include:
A visit to Kolkata owns up a treasure chest of a rich cultural legacy and provides an insight of India's tumultuous struggle for freedom.
Murshidabad is one of the ninteen districts of this Indian state. It has a very rich cultural and historical background. The handicrafts of the rural parts of the District of Murshidabad are famous all over the country.
Murshidabad covers a total area of about 5341 sq. km. Bhagirathi and Jalangi rivers cut through the district. The Bhagirathi river separates the area under Murshidabad into two distinct regions. The two divisions of the district are the Radha Area and the Bagri Area. Bagri, the eastern part of the district is a fertile alluvial area and is a part of the Ganges Delta.
Cultivation of Mulberry is done extensively in the western parts of the Murshidabad District. The major agricultural products of this area are oil seeds, wheat, barley, rice, legumes, jute and mangoes. These are generally cultivated in the eastern parts of the district.
Formally Murshidabad used to function as the capital of Bengal. It was in the early eighteenth century that the district got its present name. In the early days this was the land of the Nawabs of Bengal. After the Battle of Plassy the East India Company ruled this place for many years.
Hazarduari Palace, Jahankosh, Katra Masjid and the Nimak Haram Deori are some of the most important attractions of the District of Murshidabad. Many people visit these places every year.
The other major tourist spots of Murshidabad are
Behrampore functions as the district headquarters of Murshidabad.
The District of Nadia is famous for being the land of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The excellent earthen wares produced in the rural parts of this district has also brought much fame to Nadia.The city of Krishnanagar functions as the headquarters of this district.
The city of Krishnanagar is situated to the south of the river Jalangi. It is a major road and rail junction of the area. It is also an important agricultural distribution point of the district. It became a municipality in 1864. The city is well connected to the other important places of the state by a good network of roads. Suburban railway services connect this city in Nadia to Kolkata, the state capital.
The District of Nadia covers a total area of 3,927 sq. km. According to the 2001 census the population of this district is 46,03,756. Nadia is important to the people from other parts of the states for its Horicultural Research Center, Jute Nursery and the Agricultural Training Institute.
The District of Nadia is also famous for being an important religious site. The holy town of Nabadwip is the birth place of Lord Chaitanya. This is a famous pilgrimage center. Vaishnavas from all over India gather here during the festivals. The ISKON camp in Mayapur is also much visited. There are some beautiful temples dedicated to Lord Krishna in this land.
The clay works of Nadia are also also famous all over the state. The much appreciated clay dolls are made in the interiors of Krishnanagar near the suburbs of Ghurni by the river Jalangi.
North 24 Parganas
North 24 Parganas are independent and individual districts that are situated in the northeast direction of the metropolitan city of Kolkata. There are many places of tourist importance along the border of the districts. The North 24 Parganas are at a distance of about 30 kms from Kolkata and the township that has been established in the districts are very well connected to Kolkata, both by railways and roadways.
Starting from the urban areas to the small hamlets on the banks of river, the districts of North 24 Parganas has it all. Some of the important places of the North 24 Parganas are:
The most famous and talked about part of North 24 Parganas is the Saltlake City. It is an all-inclusive township in itself. Beside this Saltlake City has come up the latest addition to the North 24 Parganas, the New City. These areas are pollution free and the peaceful greeneries attract more and more people from Kolkata
Barrackpur is a town also known as Chanak. It is one of the popular local attractions in the township. This place has derived its name from the presence of many military barracks during British reign in India.
A good many number of industrial centers have come up in the boundaries of the districts. Besides the industrial units, the area of North 24 Parganas has a prosperous agriculture and pisciculture markets.
Reaching the North 24 Parganas is extremely hassle free. Buses ply in regular intervals from the Salt Lake City and the City Center.
South 24 Paraganas
South 24 Paraganas is a district of the state of West Bengal, which is located on the southeastern part of Kolkata. The district of South 24 Parganas is blessed with a good many number of places that are famous tourist spots. The district has fertile lands and mangrove forest, which is due to the rich deposits from the river Ganga.
The South 24 Parganas is a delta like region, which forms the very famous Sundarban. The other places that have gained importance as a tourist spot are Bakkhali and Diamond Harbour. The fertile region of South 24 Paraganas makes it a dense forest area with a large variety of tropical trees. This makes it possible for the large variety of animals inhabits the areas of Sundarban. The most talked about animal in the Sundarban is the Royal Bengal Tiger. There is sanctuary of tigers visited by a large number of tourists every year.
The crocodile is another kind of animal that is found plenty in Sundarban. It is because of this that the UNESCO has declared Sundarban to be a heritage place of the world standard. Touirists throng the place almost all the year round. There are tour packages coming up every day in Sundarban so that the tourists get the real feel of the forest and watch animals.
The name of Sundarban has been derived from a special kind of tree named as Sundari trees that are very common in the region.
The other tourist destinations in the district of South 24 Parganas are Bakhali and Diamond Harbour. Bakkali is a beautiful beach and is quite near the city of Kolkata. Diamond Harbour is a very popular picnic spots.
The tourists should face no problem reaching the popular tourist destinations of South 24 Parganas as there are regular services of both buses and trains from Kolkata.
North Dinajpur is a district of the state , which is also called Uttar Dinajpur. The district of North Dinajpur encompasses an area of about 3142sq.km. This district is bordered by Bangladesh on the east and on its west; there lies the state of Bihar. While the district of Malda is on the south of North 24 Parganas and on the north of it are the beautiful places of Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling
The topography of North Dinajpur is mostly plain and flat. There is a subtle and gentle slope towards the south. All the major rivers like Nagar, Kulik and Mahananda flow towards the direction of the slope.
The District of North Dinajpur forms a part of a fertile basin that is rich in older alluvium. As the soil in the district is very rich due to the deposition of alluvium, many crops are like paddy; mesta, jute and sugarcane are easily cultivated on it.
The district headquarters is Raiganj, which is situated on the bank of the Kulik River. The Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary in Raiganj is the second largest bird sanctuary in the whole of Asia.
The other popular tourist destinations in the district of Uttar Dinajpur are as follows:
West Bengal Pin Codes
The state of West Bengal is one of the most populous states in India. The state covers a large area of about 88,752.sq.km. The major part of this land is characterized with dense population. To reach every odd corner of the state, a proper kind of differentiation of the land, like the state Pin codes, is of utmost necessity. Thus, the system of land demarcation by the basis of Pin codes is relevant in this aspect.
The Pin codes make it extremely easy to comprehend the location of a particular area. Without the introduction of Pin codes, the letter delivery or sending any other kind of written or printed documents to different parts of the state would have been impossible.
A list of the most important districts of West Bengal along with their Pin codes is given below:
Abhoy Guha Road - 711204 Howrah
Abinashpur - 731121 Birbhum
Adarpara - 735101 Jalpaiguri
Adconnagar - 712121 Hooghly
Asansol Bazar - 713301 Burdwan
Asansol Court - 713304 Burdwan
Asansol - 713301 Burdwan
Atuhatpara - 713130 Burdwan
Aushgram - 713156 Burdwan
Ayemanawabpur - 712155 Hooghly
A B V Township Durgapur - 713206 Burdwan
A P Bagdogra - 734421 Darjeeling
A Road Bamongachi - 711106 Howrah
Badenganj - 712122 Hooghly
Bagdogra - 734422 Darjeeling
Bagdogra Airport - 734421 Darjeeling
Bagdola - 731253 Birbhum West Bengal
Bagdowara - 731304 Birbhum
Bankura District - 722101 Bankura
West Bengal STD Codes
The STD codes have revolutionized distance calling. The full form of STD is subscriber trunk dialing. The introduction of STD codes has made the whole process of distance-phoning faster.
The emergence of STD codes has resulted in innumerable STD booths. STD booths can be found in every lane of the country. This has provided with employment to numerous people.
STD calls can also be made via mobile phones. The STD codes have helped distinguish one area from the other. This has systematized the entire process of distance calling.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited or BSNL is the main telephone service provider in the state.
Some important places in the state of West Bengal along with their STD codes are listed below for the convenience of the readers.
Last Updated on 21/05/2013