Where is Chandigarh?
Chandigarh is a Union Territory of India. It is the capital of two neighboring states of Punjab and Haryana. It lies near the foothills of the Shivalik Range of the Himalayas in northwestern India. Punjab surrounds Chandigarh to the north, the west, and the south, and Haryana bounds it to the east. The formation of Chandigarh as a Union Territory took place on November 1, 1966.
What is the Geography of Chandigarh?
Chandigarh spreads across a total area of 114 sq. km (44 sq. mi). It ranks 34th in terms of the total area in India. The population of Union Territory was 1,055,450 (as per the 2011 census) Its density was 9,262/sq. km (23,988/sq. mi) (according to the 2011 census). However, the population of Chandigarh’s Metropolitan Area recorded 1,025,682 (as per the 2011 census).
The Union Territory has two seasonal streams, such as- Sukhna Lake to the east and Patiala-Ki-Rao. Sukhna Lake is a reservoir at the foothills (Shivalik hills) of the Himalayas, while Patiala-Ki-Rao is a seasonal stream. It originates in Shivalik Hills.
Chandigarh has shown a vast improvement in terms of forest-covered area in the last two years. The forest area in the UT has increased by 2% from 21.56 in 217 to 22.03 sq. km in 2019. As per the data released by India State Forest Report (ISFR), the recorded forest area of Chandigarh was 22.03 sq. km in 2019. The proportion of forests in the city was 1.36 sq. km under very dense forest, 14.24 sq. km moderately dense forest while 6.43 sq. km under open forest.
The city has various incredible hill stations in its vicinity such as Morni Hills, Parwanoo, Nalagarh, Kasauli, and many more.
The Union Territory has several gorgeous parks, and the Zakir Hussain Rose Garden is considered Asia’s biggest rose garden. It contains varieties of roses and medicinal plants and trees. Apart from this, Garden of Fragrance, Garden of Palms, Butterfly Park, and Japanese Garden have made the Union Territory a green belt.
A wide variety of mammals are found at Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary like Sambar, Spotted Deer (Chittal), Pangolin (anteater), Wild boar, etc. Several birds are also spotted here, including- Peacock, Red jungle fowl, Grey partridge, Cuckoos, and Nightjars.
What is the Climate of Chandigarh?
The city experiences a humid subtropical climate. It has hot summers and mild winters. The temperature remains variable in Chandigarh.
Summers are long in the city, characterized by occasional mild showers and thunderstorms.
The average summer temperature in the state remains in the range of 77°F (25°C) to 98.6°F (37°C ). Sometimes the mercury touches up to 111.2°F (44°C) in summer.
The winter season in Chandigarh knocks the door in mid-November and ends in mid-March. The temperature during this period in the Union Territory remains between 38.48°F (3.6°C ) to 73.4°F (23°C ).
It receives an average annual rainfall of around 979 mm (38.5-inch per year). January and June are the coldest and hottest months, respectively, in the Union Territory.
What is the Economy of Chandigarh?
Chandigarh is known as one of the best-planned cities in India. Its social infrastructure, vast green spaces makes the UT a remarkable destination to live and work.
The Union Territory has the presence of more than 2,900 small scale and 15 large and medium scale industries. Industries of manufacturing components for tractors are in abundance in Chandigarh.
It is also famous for several other industries, including IT, electronics, pharmaceuticals, machine tools, and plastics, apart from these several other industries based in the territory like- food products, tourism, metal products, electrical goods, transport equipment, and repair services.
Rajiv Gandhi Chandigarh Technology Park (RGCTP) developed in two phases. It is the nation’s premier center for information technology.
At the same time, the territory has been planning to set up a terminal market for fruits and vegetables to assist the crop diversification program initiated by Punjab and Haryana governments.
Chandigarh’s GDP was around ₹0.318 lakh crore (US$4.5 billion) in 2016–17.
What is the Transportation System of Chandigarh?
The Union Territory has three means of transportation, such as Roads, Railways, and Civil aviation.
Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU) is the public transport unit. The Chandigarh administration controls it. It has been providing excellent bus services in the Chandigarh region as well as in the neighbouring states.
NH-8 is the prominent national highway which passes through Chandigarh.
Chandigarh Junction is the only major railway station in the territory. The station has all the modem facilities.
The Union Territory is well-connected by airline services. Chandigarh International Airport is the lone prominent airport in the UT.
What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Chandigarh?
Chandigarh is an amazing city known for breathtaking parks, green belts, and cleanliness. Swiss-French designer Le Corbusier designed it, and it is the nation’s first planned city. It is a beautiful place for tourists for their enjoyment and relaxation.
The Union Territory has several remarkable tourist attractions, such as Zakir Hussain Rose Garden, Sukhna Lake, Rock Garden, and Pinjore Garden. Chandigarh is a paradise for visitors, where tourists can enjoy and relax every bit of their time.