The state of Odisha is the largest producer of bauxite in India.
India has abundant resources of bauxite and serves as a raw material in the production of aluminium. As per the report of the Ministry of Mines, India stood at the 7th position in terms of largest bauxite reserves in the world with about 2,908.85 million tonnes in the financial year 2016-17.
Odisha alone constitutes almost 50% of the bauxite production in India and has about 1,370.5 million tonnes of bauxite reserves. The prime bauxite belt of the state lies in the districts of Koraput and Kalahandi, and continues in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The belt is 300 km in length, 40-100 km wide, and 950 to 1,300 meters in thickness.
The main bauxite deposits are found in the districts of Koraput, Bolangir, Kalahandi, Sundargarh, and Sambhalpur in Odisha. The main mining areas in the state of Odisha are Baphalimoli Parbat, Kathakal, Pottangi, Manjimali, Chandgiri, Pasenmali, Kunnumali, Kodingandi, and Karalput in the districts of Kalahandi and Koraput.
The newly set up aluminium plant at Damanjoli has built a market for the bauxite mineral in this area. There is another plant proposed to be set up at Doragurha which will help in expanding the market base for the bauxite.
National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO), Bhubaneswar
The National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO) is a Navratna CPSE and a part of the Ministry of Mines. This company came into existence on 7th January, 1981, and has a registered office in Bhubaneswar. It is the first public sector company in India to enter into an international metal market with the London Metal Exchange (LME) since May, 1989.
|Actual||Target (Very Good)||Actual till Sep’17||Projected (October 2017 to March 2018)||2017-18|
The bauxite mines of NALCO are located in Damanjodi, Koraput, in Odisha. The mines of bauxite are mined by a fully mechanized system which has a capacity of 6.826 MT every year. The company also has a bauxite mine setup at Panchpatmali plateau. This plateau is 18 km in length and is a rich resource of bauxite. Panchpatmali Bauxite Mine has also been awarded the CII Eastern Region SH&E Excellence Appreciation Award 2016-17.