There are 29 states and 7 union territories in India. The states have their own government while the union territories are governed by the central government.
The states are namely, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
The union territories are Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry.
The most populous state in the country is Uttar Pradesh with a population of 199,812,341. The least populated state is Sikkim with 610,577 population. Among union territories, Lakshadweep is the least populated, having a population of only 64,473. Delhi is the most populated union territory with a population of 16,787,941.
According to the geographical area spread, the largest state in India is Rajasthan (342,269 km square) and the smallest state is Goa (3,702 km square). Among the union territories, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (8,249 km square) is the largest while Lakshadweep (32 km square) is the smallest.
Considering the literacy rate, Kerala is the most literate state and Bihar is the least literate. Goa and Tamil Nadu are considered the most urbanised states in India.
The Indian states can’t be compared with each other as each has its own specialty. West Bengal is known for its exquisite display of culture and arts. Its capital Kolkata is also known as the ‘Cultural Capital of India.’ To enjoy the pristine natural beauty, Himachal Pradesh has a lot to offer in terms of snow-capped hills and picturesque landscapes. For beaches, Goa and Kerala are the best places to visit in India. For one to appreciate the historical architecture, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh have some of the most magnificent forts and palaces.
Although culturally diverse, all the states are unified keeping the notion of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ alive.