which are the most polluted cities in india?

which are the most polluted cities in india?

which are the most polluted cities in india?

India for years has been striving  to improve its air quality in urban areas, which takes a massive toll on the health of millions of its residents. Every year, a number of its cities figure in the most polluted list, but slight or no efforts are made to better its air quality.India for years has been striving  to improve its air quality in urban areas, which takes a massive toll on the health of millions of its residents. Every year, a number of its cities figure in the most polluted list, but slight or no efforts are made to better its air quality.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) released its global air pollution database in Geneva and India constitutes 14 out of the 15 most polluted cities in the world in terms of particulate matter PM2.5 levels in 2016. The study considered PM 2.5 and PM10 concentration in the air of these cities for this report. The worst polluted Indian city is Kanpur followed by Faridabad, Gaya,  and Varanasi. Other cities with high levels of PM2.5 pollutants are Faridabad, Gaya, Patna, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur.

Let’s discuss these polluted cities in detail:-

Kanpur

Kanpur, known for its leather and shoe industries, has top-numbered the WHO’s list of the most polluted Indian cities with the dirtiest air in a survey on 02nd April 2018. The pollution levels of the state were five times more than the WHO’s recommended safe limit.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 173

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 319µg/m3

Faridabad

Faridabad, a city in the National Capital Region, is the second most polluted city in the country as confirmed by the report on air pollution of World Health Organisation (WHO). Faridabad has become the dustiest city of Haryana as the construction of commercial complexes and highrises is in progress.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 172µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 316µg/m3

Varanasi

The holy city of Varanasi stands third among the 14 most polluted cities In India in the WHO’s report on air pollution. The city has been facing acute problems of air pollution due to developmental activities.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 151µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 260µg/m3

Gaya

Gaya, the only heritage city in Bihar, has been declared the fourth most polluted city of the world according to the WHO report. The air of this holy place has become polluted due to developmental activities in the city and the open burning of garbage on the roads.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 149µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 275µg/m3

Patna

Patna is the fifth most polluted city in India in terms of PM 2.5 concentration as per the report of WHO. Suspended road dust particles, emission from vehicles and smoke undulating out of brick furnace have been linked to higher level of respiratory suspended particulate matter (PM 10) in Patna.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 144µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 266µg/m3

Delhi

The city occupies the sixth spot in the latest WHO’s report and has recorded its highest pollution levels in six years. This increase in the pollution levels is caused due to the high industrial and vehicular emissions, construction work and the burning of crops in the adjoining states.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 143µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 292µg/m3

Lucknow

Lucknow is among the most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM 2.5 level. The traffic in the city, burning of garbage in the nearby areas and unproper construction work is the key contributor to the pollution.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 138µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 255µg/m3

Agra

Home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal in Agra is one of the most sought after tourist destinations. However, increase in pollution due to increased mining and dry sand is affecting the tourism industry in Agra. It’s also affecting one of the most magnificent monuments in the world.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 131µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 195µg/m3

Muzaffarpur

Muzaffarpur stands on the ninth position in the list of most polluted cities in WHO’s report even thought this city is neither an industrial city nor a hub of factories. The main source of the air pollution is PM 2.5 which is a microscopic matter.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 120µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 221µg/m3

Srinagar

-Srinagar hit a dangerous pollution levels every winters when PM 2.5 was recorded five times more than the permissible limit mainly due to the use of coal for domestic purpose. Rapid urbanisation, use of biofuel and the concentration of economic activity were the main contributors to air pollution in Srinagar

.Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 113µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 169µg/m3

Gurugram

Gurugram faces a spike in the pollution levels over the last decade due to diesel autos, use of diesel generators and massive construction projects running all over the city. Unchecked waste burning and dumping of construction and demolition (C&D) increases the PM 2.5 concentration and further adds to this grave situation

.Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 113µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 124µg/m3

Jaipur

Jaipur, the pink city of Rajasthan, is one of the most polluted cities in India. This city records the highest level of PM10 concentration in the state of Rajasthan. The air pollution in Jaipur has reached this critical level due to increase in the number of vehicles and congestion caused because of them.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 105µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 193µg/m3

Patiala

Patiala, along with 13 other Indian cities, recorded 101 micrograms per cubic metre (ug/m3) of PM2.5 concentration level from 2010 to 2016. The city struggles against poor air quality, especially in the post-harvest period twice a year.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5): 101µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 184µg/m3

Jodhpur

Jodhpur is among the top polluted cities of Rajasthan after Jaipur. Presence of particulate matter in the air can cause various health issues, including lung cancer, heart disease and strokes in the long term. Sometimes lack of rain in the region contributes to its poor air quality.

Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 98µg/m3

Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 180µg/m3

 

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