Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane.
Sugarcane is a long duration, high water (750-1200mm range rainfall required) and high nutrient demanding crop. India is second largest sugar producer in the world after Brazil. Sugarcane production has been more or less static (around 350 million tonnes) in India during the past 10 years. During the year 2014-15, the total production was a record 362.33 million tonnes whereas in the year 2015-16, the estimate is 352.16 million tonnes only.
As per 2015-16 estimates, Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of sugarcane as it produces an estimated 145.39 million tonnes of sugarcane, which is 41.28% of the all-India production. Sugarcane crop is sown in an area of 2.17 million hectares in the state, which amounts to 43.79% share of all-India sugarcane farming.
Maharashtra comes at the second place with an estimated sugarcane production of 72.26 million tonnes in the year 2015-16, which is 20.52% of the all-India sugarcane production. Total area of the state agricultural land where sugarcane is grown is 0.99 million hectares of land, largely consisting of black soil belt.
Karnataka comes at the third position with an estimated sugarcane production of 34.48 million tonnes in the year 2015-16, which is approximately 11% of the country’s sugarcane production. Sugarcane is grown on a total area of 0.45 million hectares of state’s agricultural land.
Tamil Nadu is the fourth largest producer of sugarcane with an estimated production of 26.50 million tonnes of sugarcane, which roughly amounts to 7.5% of country’s sugarcane production. Bihar comes next with 14.68 million tonnes of sugarcane – a 4.17% of country’s sugarcane production.