India, which is well-known for its dairy products, is the largest producer of milk, second only to United States(in terms of cow milk). The country produces nearly 50 to 60 million tonnes of milk every year and currently contributes around 9.5 percent of the global milk production. India is also the largest consumer of milk in the world. The integrated co-operative system of milk collection, transportation, processing, and distribution is responsible for the large-scale production of milk in the country. In 2016-2017, India produced a whopping 1,65,404 thousand tonnes of milk.
Uttar Pradesh has the highest buffalo population in the country and the second highest cattle population. The majority of rural population in the state is engaged in livestock and dairying. In 2016-2017 Uttar Pradesh produced 27770 thousand tonnes of milk. The state has been constantly trying to increase milk production, processing and marketing of milk/milk products and developing infrastructure to promote the dairy industry within the state.
Rajasthan is the second largest producer of milk in the country. In 2015-2016 the cattle milk production in Rajasthan was 18500 thousand tonnes which increased to 20850 thousand tonnes in 2016-2017. Around 75% of the population of Rajasthan lives in rural areas. Of these, nearly half of the population is involved in dairying or cattle-rearing which ultimately makes this state second highest milk producing state in the country.
The third state in terms of milk production is Gujarat which stands at 12,784 tonnes as per the survey of 2016-2017. Gujarat contributes nearly 7.75% share in the total milk production of India. The state has several cooperative dairy milk unions, private dairy plants, and primary milk cooperative societies which play an important role in the production of milk in the state.
Other milk producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Maharashtra, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Bihar.