The state of Maharashtra tops the list of the highest number of large dams in India as per the data of National Register of Large Dam (NRLD) of 2017. It had 2354 dams during the year 2017 in which 285 dams were under construction. In terms of percentage, Maharashtra has 41.29% of India’s Large Dams as compared to 35.66% in the previous edition. Although, the state has the maximum number of dams in India, but it has only utilized 18 percent of the land for the purpose of irrigation.
Madhya Pradesh comes next with 906 dams. The state has 8 dams which are under construction. The dams in Madhya Pradesh are constructed over several rivers with the motive of providing water for the irrigation facilities to the agricultural fields. These dams are the major source of drinking water and the generation of hydro-electric power. Some of the dams have become tourist destinations in the state.
The state of Gujarat occupies the third position with 632 dams out of which 13 were under construction. Dams in Gujarat were primarily constructed to control floods. Later on, they started to function as suppliers of drinking water and reservoirs in the state.
Chhattisgarh comes on the fourth position in the list of states with maximum number of dams in India. The state has a total of 258 dams with 10 incomplete dams. Chhattisgarh state has a limited irrigation system with dams, barrage, reservoir and canals. But the state also flaunts some beautiful dams. There are several eye-catching dams in Chhattisgarh that are pleasureable to the eyes.
Karnataka comes on the fifth position with 231 dams out of which only one is under construction. These dams are used for retention of water, water supply, prevention of floods, water diversion, etc. These dams even distribute water to other places. They help in generating electricity from water, which constitutes 19% of the world’s electricity.