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Major News and Events of 01 May 2013

What Happened on 01 May 2013

Boy and his Atom - smallest movie in the world

The world's smallest movie has been made by the researchers at IBM. This was done by manipulating single atoms on a copper surface.

The stop-motion animation which utilizes a few dozen carbon atoms are in motion around with the tiny tip of what is known as Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM). 1,000 of the frames of the film placed side by side would be needed to span a single human hair.

This exceptional achievement of atomic precision has been certified by the Guinness Book of World Records. This showcases IBM’s vision to design next-generation data storage solutions based on single atoms.

The movie lasts only 60 seconds and the medium of animation are the atoms where a boy is shown befriending an atom which is like a ball and he is also shown bouncing on a surface made up of atoms. He is then shown throwing the atom into the sky, where it bursts into a small commercial for the company.

Mala Sinha boycotts Phalke Academy Awards

Mala Sinha, the yesteryear successful heroine who was awarded with Dadasaheb Phalke Award this year, is very much upset with the committee that gave her the award. She said they came to her home and invited her for the award function on April 30. But she was shocked and felt insulted to see her name did not feature in the card along with other recipients.

Mala Sinha had given powerhouse performances in Guru Dutt's Pyasa, B.R. Chopra's Dhool Ka Phool and Gumrah and Ramanand Sagar's Geet. She was also offered roles in Hollywood films in 1960s though she did not pursue the same.  

Mala Sinha said she did not want the award if the committee cannot give her the respect due to her. 

Challenge to FDI in multi-brand retail dismissed by the apex court

The Supreme Court upheld the government policy of enabling Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail, specifying that as a policy, it did not have any constitutional or statutory infirmity.

The apex court bench led by Justice R.M. Lodha dismissed the petition which challenged FDI in multi-brand retail and also stated that the court interferes on matters related to policy only in such cases where the policy is unconstitutional, different from the statutory provisions, arbitrary, irrational, or abuses power. The fact that the policy allowing FDI in multi-brand retail did not have any of these anomalies shows that there was no merit in challenging it. 

The government's policy was challenged by advocate M.L. Sharma whose contention was that FDI in multi-brand retail was introduced by the issuance of two press notes, without any amendments  of relevant provisions and rules regulating FDI in retail.

India urges Pakistan to send Sarabjit to third country for treatment

India has given a proposal to Pakistan to allow Sarabjit Singh to be sent outside Pakistan to India or a third country so that he receives the best of treatment.

India said "proper treatment" was needed for him and "every endeavour" should be taken to save his life.

The external affairs ministry in a statement said that India had a deep concern over the condition of Sarabjit Singh specified by the reports of the doctors treating him in Jinnah Hospital. The Indian High Commissioner met the Pakistan Foreign Secretary and requested the Government of Pakistan to release Sarabjit Singh immediately on humanitarian grounds. India also said that it was not the time to cite legal and bureaucratic reasons for not adopting the desired move to save a man's life. 

The family of Sarabjit had held both the Indian and Pakistan governments responsible for his condition. They returned home confident to pursue the case with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the Congress president and others. The family also stated that the PM should resign for not doing anything to save Sarabjit, fighting for his life in a Lahore hospital.

Anand draws with Svidler, will face Gelfand in the final round

In the Alekhine Memorial Chess tournament at Switzerland, world champion Viswanathan Anand had to end with a draw with Russian Peter Svidler though he reached the joint second spot after the eighth and penultimate round.

Anand could not do much against Svidler who had got things in his control for the major part of the game though he played black. Anand played white but it seemed he was not in his best element.  On other hand, the Russian kept the hold on the game to win an easy draw. 

In the final round, Anand will play against the sole leader Gelfand and can still look for the title if he manages to win.

Quake on Himachal-J&K border jolts north India

A 5.8-magnitude quake with the epicenter near the Jammu and Kashmir-Himachal Pradesh border on Wednesday led to tremors in Delhi and large parts of north India, including Srinagar, Jammu, Shimla and Chandigarh.

One person was killed near Kishtwar in Jammu and Kashmir.

The quake, which happened at  12.27 p.m IST, was 10 kilometres beneath the earth's surface. L.S. Rathore, the IMD's director general (Meteorology) stated that in such a case the possibility of aftershocks was very less as it was a low-intensity quake.

An official of the Met department in Jammu said that Doda and Kishtwar districts felt the maximum impact of the quake. The jolts were felt for six to seven seconds and resulted in panic in some places, particularly in hilly terrain, where cracks developed in some buildings.

Cracks in buildings and snapping of communication systems were reported from Bhaderwah, Doda and Kishtwar towns of Jammu region. 

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