Yuksom was the first capital of Sikkim Kingdom and is literally translated as ‘meeting place of the three learned monks’. The trinity lamas came all the way from Kham district in Tibet to propagate Buddhism to the original inhabitants especially the Lepchas. They met. Tibet has great influence in Sikkim. The conversion of locals to Buddhism dated back as far as the 9th century. Relation between Tibet and Sikkim was further strengthened by the ‘Brotherhood Treaty’ signed in the 13th century, so by the time the three lamas came to Yuksom in 1641, Tibet and Buddhist culture had already sipped into the lives of the Lepchas living there.
The main reason the three lamas met at Yuksom was to further strengthen their hold on Sikkim and to spread Buddhism. They followed went looking for someone who could be crowned as the religious head of Sikkim. They consulted visions of revered saints Padmasambhava and Guru Rinpoche and finally arrived at present day Gangtok where they found a man churning milk. He offered them food and they knew then that he was the chosen one. He was Phunstsog Namgyal and they brought him back to Yuksom, where his coronation took place in 1642 at Norbugang Chorten. He was the first religious head and the king and was given the title Chogyal. The Chogyal reign continued for 333 years and was responsible for spreading Buddhism to all parts of Sikkim.
Today a wall like structure known as Norbugang chorten remained to mark the original site. The Buddhist revered this place and it is one of their most important pilgrimage sites. This structure was erected after the coronation ceremony. People who came to the coronation offered huge amount of treasures at the ceremony. They collected earth and stones from all parts of Sikkim to build the Chorten and many of those treasures received were buried beneath it.
A mystic pine tree loomed above the throne. The tree is so old and grand. The trunk is mostly covered with mosses and dark with age. The tree has been there since the coronation- pulling through against all the weight of time. Another place of interest related to the throne is the Kathok from where water for coronation was taken. The lake exists even today. The lake and the mystic tree are few time capsules that take you back into time.
The coronation throne is now looked after by Archaeological Survey of India.