What are the Key Facts of Delhi?

Map of Delhi
Map of Delhi which lies in the northern part of India

Where is Delhi?

Delhi, the historic city, is now officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), lies in Northern India. Delhi, the capital of the country, is one of the union territories of the country, situated on the bank of Yamuna. Haryana surrounds it by three sides to the north, west, and south. It also shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh to the east. The formation of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT) took place on February 1, 1992.

What is the Geography of Delhi?

Delhi spreads across a total area of 1,484.0 sq. km (573.0 sq mi). It ranks 31st in terms of total area amongst the states and union territories in India. Its population recorded 16,787,941 (as per the 2011 census). The population density of the state was 11,312/sq. km (29,298/sq. mi) (as per the 2011 census).

The highest elevation point of the NCT Delhi area is Tughlaqabad.

The Aravalli Mountain Range is one of the oldest in the world. It is around 692 km in the south-west direction. It begins from Delhi and passes through three states – southern Haryana, Rajasthan, and ends in Gujarat. Delhi Ridge is the northern extension of the old Aravalli Range, which is considered 1500 million years old. It is rightly regarded as the green lungs of Delhi.

There are four parts of the ridge: The Northern Ridge is the hilly region in the vicinity of Delhi University. At the same time, the Central Ridge lies from south of Sadar Bazar to Dhaula Kuan. The South Central Ridge covers the region near Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and Vasant Kunj. In the end, the Southern Ridge is in the surrounding of the Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary on the Delhi-Haryana border.

The recorded forest area in Delhi is 85 sq. km, which is 5.73% of the total geographical area. The reserved forest comprises 91.76%, while 8.24% constitutes protected forest.

Dense Ridge areas of the national capital Delhi is home to several species like- Mongoose, Indian Hare, Indian Gerbils, and five striped palm squirrel. Various types of birds are seen in Delhi, such as Barn Owl, Paradise Flycatcher, and Shirker cuckoo.

The state tree of Delhi is Delonix Regia, while Alfalfa is the state’s flower. Besides this, the state has declared Nilgai as the official state animal, and House Sparrow is the state bird of Delhi.

What is the Climate of Delhi?

Delhi has a humid subtropical and semi-arid climate. It experiences high variation in summer and winter temperatures. Summer in the national capital is scorching, and in winter, the temperature dips sharply.

Summer starts in early April, and mercury reaches its peak in late May or mid-June. The average summer temperature in Delhi remains in the range of 86°F (30°C) to 100°F (38°C). But sometimes the temperature of Delhi touches 113 °F ( 45 °C) in summer.

The average winter temperature in Delhi remains between 41°F (5°C)to 68°F (20 °C).

Delhi experiences average annual rainfall around 800 millimeters (31.5 inches), but rain rarely takes place from October to May. January and May are the coldest and warmest months, respectively, in Delhi, while July is the wettest month, and November is the driest.

What is the Economy of Delhi?

The service sector plays a vital role in Delhi’s economy. The manufacturing industry has also been contributing to its economy. Agriculture once contributed significantly, but it has lost its significance.

The real estate market in Delhi attracts investors from India and abroad. The contribution of real estate, ownership of dwelling, and professional services are immense. They jointly contributed Rs 2,202 billion (US$ 31.2 billion) to Delhi’s Gross State Value Added (GSVA) in 2019-20.

National Capital Region (NCR) is a dairy hub. It is now the country’s biggest milk market. The consumption of milk in the region is around five million litres per day, which is growing 6-8 percent annually.

The Delhi government has been trying to develop and promote the hi-tech, knowledge-based IT and ITeS industries in the city.

In recent times, Delhi has made substantial progress in electronics and engineering goods, automobile parts, precision instruments, machinery, electrical appliances, and so on.

The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Delhi touched Rs 8.56 trillion (US$ 122.49 billion) in 2019-20.

What is the Transportation System of Delhi?

Delhi has a well-developed transportation system. It is well-connected with the rest of the country. Public transport in Delhi is remarkable. Commuters have different kinds of facilities for moving from one place to another like bus, Metro, car, and auto.

Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the lifeline for the people of Delhi. DTC operates on various routes in the city and neighbouring states. DTC buses are also available for sightseeing for tourists visiting Delhi.

Prominent national highways in Delhi are NH-1, NH-2, NH-8, NH-10, and so on.

The railway network in Delhi is superb, which comes under the Northern Railway zone, which is one of the 18 railway zones in the country. Its headquarter is in New Delhi. The national capital is well-connected with the entire country through Railways. Delhi has various Railway Stations.

The airline network well connects the city with the entire country. It has both international and domestic airports. Indira Gandhi International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the country. It serves both domestic and international flights, Safdarjung Airport now serves as a Flying Club.

What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Delhi?

The history of Delhi is a rich one. The city is blessed with forts, monuments, mosques, temples, gurudwaras, and many more. Tourists can see the monuments of the Delhi Sultanate period and the Mughal period and some buildings which were made by the British. Apart from this Delhi’s incredible landscaped gardens, Metro, and some other destinations are worth seeing.

Delhi has many incredible tourist destinations such as Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, Humayun’s Tomb, Qutub Minar, Lodhi Gardens, and many more. Delhi is a city where tourists of all age groups can enjoy a lot.

Related Maps:

Map of India Depicting Location of Delhi
Location Map of Delhi
District Map of Delhi
Delhi District Map

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