Where is Madhya Pradesh?
Madhya Pradesh is a Central Province in India. Uttar Pradesh surrounds it to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It also shares borders with Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the southwest, and Rajasthan to the northwest. The formation of Madhya Pradesh as a state took place on November 1, 1956.
What is the Geography of Madhya Pradesh?
Madhya Pradesh spreads across a total area of 308,252 sq. km (119,017 sq. mi). It ranks 2nd in terms of total area amongst the states and union territories in India. Its population recorded 72,626,809 (as per the 2011 census). The population density of the state was 240/sq. km (610/sq. mi) (as per the 2011 census). Madhya Pradesh is in the 5th rank in terms of population in the country.
The state has several fabulous rivers pass through the state, such as Narmada, Chambal, Son, and Betwa. Narmada is the longest river in the state. Its length is 1312 km.
Madhya Pradesh can bring a smile on the face of anyone with its sensational lakes. The state has some spectacular lakes like Bhoj Wetland, Bhojtal, Lower Lake, and Tawa Reservoir.
Dams and reservoirs of the state are built over various rivers like Chambal River, Son River, and Narmada River. Madhya Pradesh is known for some incredible dams and reservoirs, including Indirasagar Dam, Bargi Dam, Bansagar Dam, Gandhi Sagar Dam, etc.
It seems that nature has bestowed its gift to Madhya Pradesh. The state has various beautiful mountains such as Dhūpgarh, Mahādeo, Titangga Pahār, Chaurāgarh, etc. The Dhupgarh Peak is the highest elevation point in Madhya Pradesh. Its altitude is 4,429 feet.
Forests surround a large part of the state. As per the data received through satellite, the recorded forest area of Madhya Pradesh was 77,482.49 sq km, which is 25.14 % of the state’s geographical area in 2017-18. The proportion of forests in the state was 6,676.02 sq km under very dense forest, 34,341.40 sq km moderately dense forest while 36,465.07 sq km under Open Forest.
The state has an excellent range of flora and fauna. Madhya Pradesh has several wildlife sanctuaries, such as Kanha National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Bagdara Sanctuary, Phen Sanctuary, Ghatigaon Sanctuary, and many more.
It is home to many species of mammals, including tiger, leopard, sambar, chital, barking deer, swamp deer, and many more. Various kinds of birds are also spotted in Madhya Pradesh, such as- Indian Pitta, Indian Roller, Golden Oriole, and Peafowls.
The state tree of Madhya Pradesh is “India Banyan”, while Sacred Tree is the state’s flower. Besides this, the state has declared Barasingha as the official state animal, and Indian paradise flycatcher has been accepted as the state bird of Madhya Pradesh.
What is the Climate of Madhya Pradesh?
The state has a subtropical climate. Like other parts of the country, it also has three seasons- – Summer Monsoon and Winter.
The summer temperature of Madhya Pradesh remains in the range of 30°C (86°F) to 42°C (107°F). The eastern parts of the state remain hotter than the western regions. The average winter temperature in the state remains between 9°C (48°F) to 17°C (63°F).
Madhya Pradesh receives an average annual rainfall of around 1200 mm. January and May are the coldest and hottest months, respectively, in the state.
What is the Economy of Madhya Pradesh?
The economy of Madhya Pradesh mainly depends on fuel, minerals, agriculture, and biodiversity.
The state has the highest stone, diamond, and copper reserves in India. It is also a diamond-producing state in the country. Madhya Pradesh produced 38,437 carats diamond in 2018-19.
It is famous for several industries, such as- auto and auto components, textiles, cement, agro-based industries, forest-based industries, pharmaceuticals, tourism, mineral-based industries, and manufacturing.
The state has been progressing well in cotton and silk production. Madhya Pradesh exported cotton yarn of US$ 224.72 million in 2019-20. However, merchandise exports from the state touched US$ 4.02 billion in 2019-20 (until December 2019).
It is also famous for its power generation. As of March 2020, it had a total installed power generation capacity of 24,821.05 MW, which was distributed as- 7,187.62 MW under state utilities, 6,868.38 MW under central utilities, and 10,765.05 MW under private sector.
Agriculture plays a major role in Madhya Pradesh’s economy. The state produces several crops like soybean, wheat, gram, linseed, green pea, garlic, linseed, mustard, sunflower, and pulses.
The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Madhya Pradesh was Rs 8.26 trillion (US$ 118.18 billion) for 2019-20.
What is the Transportation System of Madhya Pradesh?
Madhya Pradesh is home to an extensive road network. Therefore, the state is well connected by the entire country. The government-owned Madhya Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (MPSRTC) has been providing an excellent bus service that connects all the major cities of the state and its neighbouring areas.
National highways and state highways are the lifelines of the state. Prominent national highways that pass through the state are NH-3, NH-26-B, NH-34, NH-39, and many more. Some of the significant state highways are SH-2, SH-6, SH-9, SH-10, and so on.
The railway network in Madhya Pradesh is remarkable and well connected with the rest of the country. West Central Railways is one of the 18 zones of the India Railways, Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh is its headquarter. The North Central Railway has three divisions, the Jhansi division (Madhya Pradesh) is one of them. Ratlam (Madhya Pradesh) is one of the railway divisions of the Western Railway.
The airline network well connects the state. It is replete with various prominent airports, and some of the major airports of the state are Raja Bhoj Airport, Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar International Airport, Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Airport, Jabalpur Airport, etc.
What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Madhya Pradesh?
Madhya Pradesh lies in central India; it is known to entice the tourists’ attractions on their vacations. The state is blessed with flora and fauna, vibrant culture, palaces, and monuments of princely states, some famous temples like Khajuraho, mosques, and many more. Apart from these fascinating river streams, mountain peaks, parks are eye-soothing for the tourists.
It has several fantastic tourist places such as Rajwada, Choral Dam, Lotus Lake, Taj-Ul-Masjid, Sanchi Stupa, Bhimbetka Caves, Kanha National Park, Khajuraho Temple, and many more. Madhya Pradesh is a fantastic destination for tourists. Visitors can enjoy and get perfect relaxation.