Dr B. R. Ambedkar (Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar) popularly known as Babasaheb was born in the so-called untouchable caste family of Mahar. But for him, this was not the shackle to reach the zenith. He became a great teacher, orator, philosopher, leader and earned many more laurels of this kind.
Also, he was the first from his caste to get a college education in India. Untouchables back then were not allowed to get an education; they were not allowed to worship in temples; they were not allowed to drink water from the source that was used by upper caste people. So, even while studying in school, he had faced all such discriminations. But with a true spirit of a fighter after completing his studies in India, he went to London School of Economics for further studies and became a great lawyer. He is a true example of a self-made man who worked so hard against all the odds to achieve his goal.
Close to his end, he adopted Buddhism for wisdom, morality and to protect humanity. Also, he discovered that Mahar people were Buddhists who refused to give up Buddhism at one point in time. Because of this, they were forced to live outside the village and with time, they became an untouchable caste. He also wrote a book named – ‘The Buddha and His Dhamma’.
As Babasahed was from an untouchable caste, he knew what it feels when people discriminate against you without any fault of yours. He did a great job in removing such social issues in India. Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha was the first organised attempt from his side to uplift the untouchables. He wanted to educate them for a better life. After this, many public movements and marches had been initiated under his leadership to bring equality in society.
He was first elected a law minister of independent India and later was appointed as Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee. His role was to write a new Constitution for India. By keeping in mind to bring equality in society, he did great for the untouchables. For this, freedom of religion was defined as the Constitution. He created the system of reservation by keeping in mind untouchable and their condition in India. He worked for the improvement of the status of women in India.
Not only this, but the formation of the Reserve Bank of India in 1934 was also based on the ideas of Babasahed that he had presented to the Hilton Young Commission. He was a trained economist of his time and had written many intellectual books on economics. Amartya Sen, who is a Nobel Prize winner in economics, had said that Ambedkar is his father in economics.
Dr B. R. Ambedkar was indeed a builder of the nation and a global leader instead of just a Dalit leader. He is the one who had given the principles of social justice.
Babasahed is one of those who had built India in her initial days. To remember this great man, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated all across the country. Today, India needs more exceptional leaders like him to compete and stay ahead at the global level.