What are the Key Facts of Mizoram?

Map of Mizoram
Map of Mizoram which lies in the northeastern part of India

Where is Mizoram?

Mizoram lies in the northeastern part of India. The state shares its border with three out of seven sister states, namely – Tripura to the northwest, Assam to the north, and Manipur to the northeast. Mizoram shares its boundaries with two neighbouring countries – Myanmar to the east and south, and Bangladesh to the west. The formation of Mizoram as a state took place on February 20, 1987. The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl.

What is the Geography of Mizoram?

Mizoram spreads across a total area of 21,081 sq. km (8,139 sq. mi). It ranks 25th in terms of total area amongst the states and union territories of the country. Its population recorded 1,091,014 as per the 2011 census. The population density of the state was 52/sq. km (130/sq. mi) (as per the 2011 census). Mizoram is in the 28th rank in terms of population in the country.

There is no shortage of rivers in Mizoram. Several magnificent rivers of the state are De River, Chhimtuipui, Khawthlangtuipui, Tuichawng, and Mengpui River.

The tiny state Mizoram has several incredible hills. It has several remarkable ranges and peaks as well. All of them are of different heights. Some of the prominent hills of the state are Phawngpui (Blue Mountain), Lengteng, Surtlang, and Lurhtlang. Phawngpui is also known as Blue Mountain; it is the highest mountain peak in the state. Its altitude is 2157 meters above sea level.

In Mizoram, several lakes are scattered all over the state. Some of the incredible lakes are Palak, Tamdil, Rungdil, and Rengdil. It is a belief that the Palak lake was created due to earthquake or a flood, while Tamdil (‘Lake of Mustard Plant’) lake is a natural lake situated 110/85 km away from Aizawl.

Forests cover a large part of the state. As per the data received through satellite, the recorded forest area of the state was 18,005.51 sq. km, which is 85.41% of the state’s geographical area in 2017-18. The proportion of forests in the state was 157.05 sq. km under very dense forest, 5,800.75 sq. km moderately dense forest while 12,047.71 sq. km under open forest.

The state has several wildlife sanctuaries, the wildlife found in such sanctuaries are Tiger, Clouded leopard, Elephant, Barking deer, Sambar, Wild boar, and many more. Several kinds of birds in Mizoram are dark-rumped swift, grey sibia, Mrs. Hume’s pheasant, grey peacock pheasant, and Oriental pied hornbill.

The state tree of Mizoram is Mesua ferrea, while Renanthera imschootiana is the state’s flower. Besides this, the state has declared Sumatran serow as the official state animal, and Mrs. Hume’s pheasant is the state bird of Mizoram.

What is the Climate of Mizoram?

The state usually has a monsoon and humid climate. The temperature of the state differs from region to region due to different elevations. Overall, the state’s temperature remains pleasant, and rain somewhat takes place throughout the year.

The summer season in Mizoram falls from the end of March to June, while temperature during this period in the state remains in the range of 20°C (68°F) to 30°C (86°F). The winter season in the state falls from mid of November to February. The winter temperature in the state remains between 7°C (45°F) to 22°C (72°F).

The state receives an average annual rainfall of around 2564 mm. January and August are the coldest and hottest months, respectively, in the state.

What is the Economy of Mizoram?

The state economy mainly based on forest products, silkworms, tourism, and horticulture. The climatic conditions in Mizoram are ideal for the breeding of all types of silkworms. Sericulture is one of the major industries in Mizoram. The state produced raw silk around 88 metric tonnes during April-December 2019.

Mizoram is known for a generation of hydropower. It has the potential to generate 4,500 megawatts (MW) of hydropower.

The state is replete with natural resources. It has made incredible progress in the horticulture sector in recent years. Mizoram produces 13.2 percent of the total fruits produced in the northeast.

Overall, horticulture products in the state were around 616.46 thousand metric tonnes in 2018-19.

The principal industries of the state are bamboo processing, energy, agriculture, horticulture, tourism, food processing, IT, and medicinal plants.

The growth of fish production in the state is immense, and fish farming happens over a large area of the state. The fish production of the state was 7,230 MT in 2018-19.

Tourism is another source of generating revenue for the state. Its breathtaking rivers, lakes, and sanctuaries have made Mizoram a paradise for tourists. It is an estimation that 88.12 thousand domestic tourists and 1.64 thousand overseas tourists visited Mizoram during 2018-19.

What is the Transportation System of Mizoram?

The state transport department has been providing economical, safe, environment-friendly transport services.

Prominent national highways that pass through the state are NH-306, NH-502, NH-2, and many more. The state has a well-developed state highways network such as- Champhai-North Vanlaiphai Road, Lunglei-Thenzawl road, and Tlabung-Borapansury Road.

Train services have been developing in the state. The passenger train has been underway since 2016 from Katakhal (Assam) to Bairabi (2 km inside Mizoram). Works on several railways projects are in progress in the state.

The state is connected by the airline network as well. The Aizawl airport, known as Lengpui airport, is a domestic airport situated 32 km away from Aizawl. The state government built it.

What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Mizoram?

The rich culture of Mizoram has made the state cynosure of all eyes. It is a place where anyone can plan and go with family and friends for enjoyment and relaxation. The state has several peaks, high hills, incredible valleys, along with breathtaking lakes and rivers.

It has several fantastic tourist places such as Aizawl, Lunglei, Mamit, Kolasib, and many more. Mizoram is a state where tourists can enjoy every bit of their time.

Related Maps:

Map of India Depicting Location of Mizoram
Location Map of Mizoram
District Map of Mizoram
District Map of Mizoram

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