Frequently Asked Questions on India


General

  • What is India's official name?
  • India's official name is 'Bharat' in Hindi and 'Republic of India' in English.

  • What is the National Currency of India?
  • The Rupee (One Rupee=100 paise) is the national currency of India.

  • Which is the capital of India?
  • New Delhi is the capital city of India. It is also referred to as the National Capital Territory or simply NCT.

  • What is the full name of the Indian President?
  • The full name of the Indian President is Pranab Kumar Mukherjee.

  • What is the population of India?
  • According to the 2011 Census, India's population is 1,21,01,93,422.

  • What is the area of India?
  • The area of India spans over 3.3 million square kilometers.

  • What is the geographical location of India?/ Where is India located?
  • India is located between latitudes 8 ° 4' and 37 ° 6 ' north and longitudes 68 ° 7 ' and 97° 25' east.

  • What is the Length of India's Coastline?
  • India's coastline extends for 7600 km.

  • What are the Official Languages of India?
  • The official language of the Republic of India is Hindi with English as a secondary official language

  • What are the Major Religions of India?
  • The Major Religions of India are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.

  • What is the percentage of Literacy in India?
  • India's literacy rate stands at 74.4 percent.

  • Who is the Prime Minister of India?
  • Dr. Manmohan Singh is the Prime Minister of India.

National Symbols

  • What is the National Anthem of India?
  • 'Jan gana mana' written by Rabindranath Tagore is the National Anthem of India.

  • What is the National Song of India?
  • Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji is the National Song of India.

  • What is the National Emblem of India?
  • The Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath is the National Emblem of India.

  • What is the National Flag of India?
  • The National Flag of India is a horizontal tricolor with equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is a wheel in navy blue color.

  • What is the National Animal of India?
  • The Tiger (Panthera tigris) is the National Animal of India.

  • What is the National Bird of India?
  • The Peacock is the National Bird of India.

  • What is the National Flower of India?
  • The National Flower of India is the Lotus.

  • What is the National Tree of India?
  • The Banyan is the National Tree of India.

  • What is the National Fruit of India?
  • The Mango is the National Fruit of India.

  • What is the National Sport of India?
  • Hockey is the National Sport of India.

History

  • Where is the tomb of Emperor Akbar located?
  • Emperor Akbar's tomb is located in Sikandra.

  • Who designed the Victoria Memorial at Calcutta?
  • The Victoria Memorial at Calcutta was designed by William Emerson.

  • Which port city was the first Portuguese colony in India?
  • Goa was the first Portuguese colony in India.

  • Where did Vasco da Gama land in India?
  • Vasco da Gama land in India at Calicut.

  • What is Lothal, near the Gulf of Khambat, believed to have been long ago?
  • Lothal is believed to have been a Port.

  • Where did Alexander of Macedon first enter in India?
  • Alexander of Macedon first entered the Gandhara province of India.

  • When did the first partition of Bengal take place?
  • The first partition of Bengal took place in 1905.

  • Which Indian president declared a state of emergency in 1975?
  • The Indian president who declared a state of emergency in 1975 was Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed.

  • Who was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj?
  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj.

  • Who was the founder of the Slave dynasty?
  • Qutb-ud-din-Aybak was the founder of the Slave dynasty.

  • Which Lodi king was killed in the First Battle of Panipat?
  • Ibrahim Lodi was killed in the First Battle of Panipat.

  • What was the kingdom of Krishna Deva Raya Called?
  • The kingdom of Krishna Deva Raya was called Vijaynagar.

  • Who was the last Mughal emperor of India?
  • Bahadur Shah II was the last Mughal emperor of India.

  • Who started the Prarthana Samaj?
  • M.G. Ranade started the Prarthana Samaj.

  • Where was Gautama Buddha born?
  • Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini.

  • To which dynasty did Ashoka belong ?
  • Ashoka belonged to the Maurya dynasty.

  • What is Bodh Gaya famous for in relation with the Buddha?
  • The Buddha attained Enlightenment in both gaya.

  • Who built the Taj mahal and the Lal Qila?
  • The Taj Mahal and the Lal Qila was built by Shah Jahan.

  • Who was the only early Mughal emperor to be ousted from the throne?
  • Humayun was the only early Mughal emperor to be ousted from the throne.

  • In which language were the early Buddhist canonical/sacred texts written?
  • Pali was the language in which the early Buddhist canonical/sacred texts were written.

  • Who founded the kingdom of Vijayanagar?
  • Harihara and Bukka founded the kingdom of Vijayanagar.

  • Which governor-general of British India was responsible for abolishing sati?
  • Lord William Bentinck was the governor-general of British India responsible for abolishing sati.

  • Who was the first Indian woman president of the Indian National Congress?
  • Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman president of the Indian National Congress.

  • Where is Fort Saint George located?
  • Fort Saint George is located in Chennai. The Secretariate and offices of the armed forces are locted inside this complex.

  • Who founded the Indian National Army?
  • Subhas Chandra Bose founded the Indian National Army.

  • What was the court language of the Vijayanagar empire?
  • Telugu was the court language of the Vijayanagar empire.

  • In which modern State of India was the ancient university of Nalanda located?
  • The ancient university of Nalanda is located in the modern day state of Bihar.

  • Which of the following tombs is an imitation of the Taj Mahal?
  • Bibi ka Maqbara is an imitation of the Taj Mahal.

  • When was the Indian National Congress founded?
  • The Indian National Congress was foundedin 1885.

  • Who came to be popularly called as Lokmanya?
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak came to be popularly called as Lokmanya.

  • What are the stories that describe the earlier lives of the Buddha known as?
  • Iataka are the stories that describe the earlier lives of the Buddha.

  • What was the most widely used script in India in the third century?
  • Brahmi was the most widely used script in India in the third century.

  • Which ancient Buddhist study centre did Hsuan-tsang and I-ching describe?
  • Hsuan-tsang and I-ching described Nalanda as the ancient Buddhist study centre.

  • Who was the successor of Iltutmish?
  • Raziyya was the successor of Iltutmish.

  • Who passed the India Act of 1784?
  • William Pitt passed the India Act of 1784.

  • What was the popular name of Vishnugupta, the author of Arthashastra?
  • The popular name of Vishnugupta, the author of Arthashastra is Chanakya.

  • Who introduced the philosophy of satyagraha in India's struggle against British imperialism?
  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi introduced the philosophy of satyagraha in India's struggle against British imperialism.

  • Who among the following was the founder of the Pala Dynasty?
  • Gopala was the founder of the Pala Dynasty.

  • Where is the Harappan site of Kalibangan located?
  • The Harappan site of Kalibangan is locatedat Rajasthan.

  • Who was known as "the Frontier Gandhi"?
  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was known as "the Frontier Gandhi".

  • Who was the first high Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom?
  • V.K. Krishna Menon was the first high Commissioner of India to the United Kingdom.

  • Which ancient city was founded by Ajatashatru?
  • Pataliputra was founded by Ajatashatru.

  • To which emperor did the peacock throne originally belong?
  • The peacock throne originally belonged to Shah Jahan.

  • Who created the military brotherhood of Sikhs called "Khalsa"?
  • Guru Gobind Singh created the military brotherhood of Sikhs called "Khalsa".

Geography

  • Where are the Jaintia Hills located?
  • The Jaintia Hills are located in Meghalaya.

  • Which city is closet to the geographical center of India?
  • Nagpur is the city is closet to the geographical center of India.

  • Which is the highest peak in the Western Ghats?
  • The Anai Peak is the highest peak in the Western Ghats.

  • Which river is known as the "Sorrow of Bihar"?
  • Kosi is known as the "Sorrow of Bihar".

  • Which of the following States has Winter monsoon?
  • Tamil Nadu has Winter monsoon.

  • Is the Everest mountain peak located in India?
  • The Everest mountain peak is not located in India. It lies in Nepal's territory.

  • What is Chilika?
  • Chilika lake as it is popularly known, is not a lake in the proper sence. It is a lagoon.

Culture

  • Which classical Indian dance is traditionally performed by men?
  • Kathakali is the classical Indian dance traditionally performed by men.

  • Which Indian States are known for their bandhani work?
  • The Indian state known for bandhani work are Gujarat and Rajasthan.

  • How Many rasas are there in Indian classical dance?
  • Indian classical dance consists of 9 rasas.

  • To which diety is the main temple at Konark dedicated?
  • The main temple at Konark is dedicated to Surya or the Sun God.

  • Which is the famous mosque situated in New Delhi, that is also one of the largest in India?
  • Jama Masjid is the famous mosque in New Delhi.

  • Who, according to Indian mythology, was the first man?
  • Manu, according to Indian mythology, was the first man.

  • In which language did Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai write his novels?
  • Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai wrote his novels in Malayalam.

  • How many Indians have won the Nobel prize?
  • 6 Indians have won the Nobel prize.

  • Which was the first-all-Indian cricket club?
  • Orient Cricket Club was the first-all-Indian cricket club.

  • What was Sarojini Naidu's first collection of poems?
  • The Golden Threshold was Sarojini Naidu's first collection of poems.

  • Which Indian State is associated with the Bihu Festivals?
  • Assam celebrates the Bihu Festival.

  • With which State would you associate the famous ten-day Ganesh festival ?
  • Maharashtra celebrates a ten day Ganesh Festival.

  • Which form of Indian classical dance is indigenous to the State of Andhra Pradesh?
  • Kuchipudi is the form of Indian classical dance that is indigenous to the State of Andhra Pradesh.

  • In which country did the game of chess first appear?
  • The game of chess was first played in India.

  • With which Indian religion are the Four Noble Truths associated?
  • The Four Noble Truths are associated with Buddhism.

  • To which northeastern State of India do the Khasi people belong?
  • The Khasi people belong to Meghalaya.

  • Whose autobiography is entitled The Story of My Experiments with Truth?
  • Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi named his autobiography as "The Story of My Experiments with Truth".

  • What is Malgudi?
  • Malgudi is an imaginary town in the novels and stories of Indian novlist R.K. Narayana.

  • Which form of Indian classical dance is traditionally enacted outdoors and goes on all night?
  • Of the Indian classical dances, Kathakali is traditionally enacted outdoors and goes on all night.

  • Which famous Indian film personality produced, directed, and acted in the film Aag?
  • Raj Kapoor produced, directed, and acted in Aag.

  • What is Natya-Shastra a handbook of?
  • Natya-Shastra is the ancient handbook of Dramatic art.

  • What is Gitanjali a collection of?
  • Gitanjali a collection of Poems. It is the sermon that Lord Krishna gave to Arjuna in the battlefiled of the Mahabharata.

  • Which Indian athlete is known as the "Payolli Express"?
  • P.T. Usha, winner of many Asiad golds in atheletics is known as the "Payolli Express".

  • With which game is the Santosh Trophy associated?
  • The Santosh Trophy is associated with Soccer.

Travel

  • In which Indian State would you be if you were holidaying on "Calangute" beach?
  • The Calangute" beach is in Goa.

  • Which famous monument was built to commemorate the end of plague in Hyderabad in the year 1591?
  • Charminar is the monument built to commemorate the end of plague in Hyderabad. It has 4 minars and therefore the name.

  • In which State of India is the Wular Lake located?
  • Wular Lake is located in Jammu & Kashmir.

  • Which India city is also called the "pink city"?
  • Jaipur is also called the "pink city".

  • Which town is the provisional capital of Uttrakhand State?
  • Dehradun is the provisional capital of Uttrakhand State.

  • Which of these is the official residence of the President of India?
  • The Rashtrapati Bhawan is the official residence of the President of India.

  • Which city is the capital of the new State of Jharkhand?
  • Ranchi is the capital of the new State of Jharkhand.

  • Which Indian city is also referred to as Tatanagar?
  • Jamshedpur is also referred to as Tatanagar.

  • In which State in India would you find lions?
  • Lions can be found in Gujarat.

  • Name the capital of Manipur State?
  • Imphal is the capital of Manipur.

  • Dispur is the capital of which State of India?
  • Dispur is the capital of Assam.

  • In which sea are the Lakshdweep islands located?
  • The Lakshdweep islands is located in the Arabian Sea.

  • Which of the following national parks would you visit if you were in Gujarat?
  • The Gir is a well known national park of Gujarat.

  • Which faith is the famous Lotus Temple of New Delhi dedicated to?
  • The Lotus Temple of New Delhi is dedicated to the Bahai faith.

  • Which city was once known as the "Manchester of India"?
  • Surat was once known as the "Manchester of India".

  • What animal would you especially expect to see at the Kaziranga National Park?
  • The Kaziranga National Park is home to the Indian rhinoceros.

  • Where is the port of Kandla located?
  • The port of Kandla is located in Gujarat.