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Raja Ram Mohan Roy – A Social reformer

Published on: February 17, 2014 | Updated on: February 2, 2019

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Popularly known as the “Maker of Modern India” and “Father of Modern India”, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, a social and educational reformer, was an idealist who contributed immensely in eradicating social evils prevalent in the society during the 18th century. He made every possible effort to make his motherland a better place for the future generations to come.

About Raja Ram Mohan Roy

He is a great historical figure, who put laudable efforts to transform the face of India and dared to defy the age-old Hindu traditions. A modernist by virtue, he undertook a lot of social reforms to change the society and worked for the upliftment of the status of women in India. He was also a great scholar who translated many books, religious and philosophical work and scriptures into Bengali and also translated Vedic scriptures into English.

Early Life and Education of Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born into an elite Bengali Hindu family on May 22, 1772, in Radhanagar village of Hoogly district, Bengal Presidency. He was born to Ramkanto Roy, his father and Tarinidevi, his mother in the darkest era in the history of India. At that time, The country was suffering from numerous socio-economic and political problems which created disarray in the name of religions.
He did his schooling in Sanskrit and Bengali languages in the village school after which he was sent to Madrasa in Patna where he learned Persian and Arabic. Later on, he moved to Kashi to learn the complexity of Sanskrit and Hindu scriptures like the Vedas and Upanishads. He learned the English language at the age of 22.

Later Life of Raja Ram Mohan Roy

He extensively studied Christianity and the other religions. This made him realize that some Hindu traditions and superstitions were required to be reformed while working for the East India Company. Apart from this, he was born into a family with religious diversity which probably controlled his thinking. Roy was against the idol worship and propagated the idea of oneness of God through Brahmo Samaj.
He was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj at Kolkata in 1828. His efforts actually led to the resumption of the ethical principles of the Vedanta school of philosophy. He co-founded the Calcutta Unitarian Society.
The title ‘Raja’ was bestowed upon him by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar II. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the first educated Indian to travel to England and went on to become an ambassador of the Mughal emperor, Akbar II.

Social Reforms

The Bengal society was weighed down with an array of evil customs and regulations. There was a huge prevalance of intricate rituals and scrupulous moral codes which were largely modified and badly elucidated ancient traditions. He was against traditional Hindu practices and echoed his voice against Sati system, polygamy, caste rigidity and child marriage. His biggest achievement was the prohibition of the “sati pratha”, a practice in which a widow was made to immolate herself at the funeral pyre of her deceased husband. He struggled for years to get this evil legally eradicated.

He established the Brahmo Samaj along with the other enlightened Bengalis. The samaj was a highly influential socio-religious reform movement which raised its voice against evils like caste system, dowry, ill-treatment of women, etc.

Educational contributions

He put remarkable efforts in the education system of India. To modernize the education system, Raja Ram Mohan Roy established many English schools. He revolutionized the education system in India by setting up Hindu College at Calcutta in 1817, which went on to become one of the best educational institutions in the country. Roy promoted and urged teaching of the scientific subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and even Botany. He promoted technology, western medicine and English to be taught at Indian schools.

Published works

To politically educate people, Raja Ram Mohan Roy even published magazines in different languages including English, Hindi, Persian, and Bengali. Noticeable magazines published by him were the Brahmanical Magazine, the Sambad Kaumudi, and Mirat-ul-Akbar. His most popular journals covered socio-political issues in India which helped Indians to rise above their current state.

The news and articles before being published had to be approved by the government in those days. Raja Ram Mohan was against this idea and protested on the basis of the argument that the newspaper should reflect the truth and the truth should not be suppressed simply on the grounds that the government is not liking it.

Death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Raja Ram Mohan Roy died of meningitis on September 27, 1833, in Bristol. The British government has named a street in Bristol as ‘Raja Rammohan Way’ in the memory of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

Despite a lot of progress has been made by Indians in many areas, but the condition of women is still far behind of what it should be. Reformists like Raja Ram Mohan Roy should be born again in India to remove all sorts of evils from the society.

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Article Name
Raja Ram Mohan Roy – A Social reformer
Raja Ram Mohan Roy is a great historical figure who put laudable efforts to transform India and dared to defy the age old Hindu traditions.


Showing 23 Comments :
Aditya kumar Das October 17, 2016 at 6:04 pm

The blog is very good but please give more information thank you


this blog is very good but please correct the date of birth of raja ram mohan roy and input some more informations on what he done for Sati Pratha. thank you a lot………….!!!!


thanks for the information

Aditya chik baraik May 19, 2016 at 5:08 pm

thanks to all of them who remove social evils


I had gained knowledge from this


It is very nice site


It is very good site I have ever seen


Good one….was helpful….thnkxx..


I want to again born Raja Jee in India.


so helpful good work keep it up.

rajendra kumar sah August 6, 2015 at 2:43 pm

It was great by refreshing myself with contribution of raja ram Mohan roy


Its very helpful for me


well,it is really very helpful but i would like to correct that Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born in 1772 not 74.

Nishant Shome June 15, 2015 at 9:04 pm

Very Helpful For My Project. Thankx for the post.


Helpful very very helpful

Rudra prasad swain January 27, 2015 at 11:27 pm

I agree with the views of R r ray .i want to establish a with out caste system society .art 17 part 3 of indian constitution in fundamental rights .right to equality .all are equal before law

Subhash Chandra January 6, 2015 at 1:45 pm

I urge you to form social/activist groups in each city to discuss and spread the ideas of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and other reformers of modern india



this is helpfull for my project

adarsh srivastava November 14, 2014 at 11:17 am

get a more information

adarsh srivastava November 14, 2014 at 11:15 am

not bad

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